Complete collection of facts about coffee
1. Coffee bean is actually located within the red berries.
2. The coffee growing on trees, whose height can be up to 30 feet (slightly more than 9 m.). The man decided to gather fruit from the trees coffee convenient, about 10 feet tall (3 m.), And made the necessary adjustments to the natural process.
3. One coffee tree yields less than a pound of grain per year, and live 60-70 years.
4. 70% of coffee drinkers drink "Arabica", having a mild and aromatic flavor, the remaining 30% - "Robusta", the taste more bitter, and the caffeine in it for 50% more in this class. "Robusta" is considered to be low-grade class, but with the trees bearing the fruit that are more resistant to disease and drought, the harvest can be gathered twice as much. In the "Arabica" contains 1% caffeine, in the "Robusta" - 2%. Producers of instant coffee is often blended "Robusta" with "Arabica".
5. The term "American" appeared during the Second World War. Brave American soldiers could not drink strong European coffee and asked to dilute it with water.
6. In the "Espresso" caffeine less than in coffee made "drip" method. In the process of the matter. "Espresso" prepare very quickly by passing water through the ground beans under heavy pressure. Less contact of the water and coffee - less caffeine, but what a taste!
7. Green (ie unroasted) coffee beans can be stored for a year in a cool, dry place and do not lose their flavor. After the grain fry their flavoring properties start to fade after approximately 48 hours.
8. In 1675, King Charles II of England closed all the local "kofehauzy" because he thought coffee places of citizens gathering, opposed to it. His example was then followed by the monarchs of different countries and more than once. The trend, however :).
9. Most coffee is drunk in Finland .... There per adult accounts for 5 cups of coffee per day. It is strange that this place does not share with the Finns Estonia ... 10. In most countries where coffee grows, it is still harvested by hand. An experienced coffee collector for gathering day about 7 baskets of coffee beans, each cart weighs 50-100 kg. Paid such work - from $ 2 to $ 10 per basket. After the grain will dry and fry the price will increase to $ 110 per basket.
11 1 October - the official "Coffee Day" in Japan, which is the consumption of the drink takes a solid third position in the world.
12. The researchers found in coffee aromatics of more than 800.
13. Coffee ranks second in the global ranking of the top-selling products. In the first place - oil. Cigarettes, apparently did not take into account ...
14. Instant coffee invented ... Belgian in 1906. And his name was George Washington ... What is the strangest fact - decide.
15. The beverage of coffee - more than 700 years.
16. A cup of black coffee without sugar contains no calories.
17. Caffeine suppresses your appetite, speeds up calorie consumption and overall metabolic processes in the body. Excess fat is burned at a 20% faster when drinking six cups of coffee a day by combining it with a pleasant experience physical load and low-calorie diet.
18. Caffeine improves mood. This is due to the increase in dopamine production, stimulating the brain region responsible for pleasure.
19. One cup of coffee is more than 300 antioxidants that will linger in your body for a month.
20. Caffeine increases the analgesic effect of drugs, in particular aspirin and paracetamol. "Blame" acidity of the stomach that rises right after you make a cup of coffee "on the chest." Total: after a cup of coffee takes the stomach and dissolves painkillers pills more "joy".
21. The word "cappuccino" - the result of several linguistic derivations (a mixture of languages). History of the term began in the 16th century, and began thanks to the Order of Capuchin monks, who after 1525 played an important role in returning the reformed Catholicism in Europe. Italian component - capuccio taken from the "hood" - an element of the monk robes. Then came the French word capuchin, from which have been borrowed English capuchin. The first recorded mention of the term "cappuccino" in English refers to 1948 (a book about San Francisco). There is another version of the appearance of the term coffee is dark, like a monk's clothing, "cap" whipped cream color resembles the color of his hair. 22. Once the Turkish groom during the wedding ceremony were given a promise that their wives are always provided ... coffee. Failure vow could easily become the cause of divorce.
23. The Italians drink "espresso" with sugar, the Germans and the Swiss added to hot chocolate, Mexican - cinnamon, the Belgians - chew in chocolate. Moroccans drink coffee with pepper, Ethiopians - with a pinch of salt. In the Middle East in the coffee, as a rule, add cardamom and other spices. Cappuccino popular among Austrians. Egyptians are very fond of "clean" and strong coffee, they rarely add sugar, milk or cream.
24. The first coffeehouse was opened in Paris in 1689 and was called Procope. The owner was a seller of lemonade Prokop Francois (Francois Procope). The cafe is located across from the theater, so its main visitors were artists and painters.
25. In Italy, coffee appeared in 1615, and in 1720 in Venice St. Mark's Square opened cafe "Florian", which is visited by Casanova, Goethe, Rubinstein, and cafe "Guardi", which often came Byron and Liszt.
26. Coffee lovers less likely to visit a dentist. Chemical elements contained in the coffee is not allowed to settle bacteria on the tooth enamel.
27. First Coffee Vienna opened Pole Kolzhitsky (Kolschitzky). It was a real fan of coffee, which has managed to save more than one bag of coffee beans when hastily leaving Turku arranged in it a huge fire. At least, Austria has received at least one bonus from the Turkish siege. So the Austrians already in 1683. learned what really cheer.
28. Caffeine is in the list of substances banned by the International Olympic Committee. If the doping control in the urine athlete discover content is more than 12 micrograms of caffeine (per liter), it is removed from the competition.
29. Bedouin coffee houses are usually prepared with ginger or cardamom. He ... yellow color and taste very good. At the same time welcomes guests as follows: "My home - your home". 30. In Uganda, the green coffee beans mixed with sweet herbs and spices, dried and hung in a house in the bag. This talisman and decoration at the same time.
31. The first coffee advertisement appeared in 1651 in England. It was distributed as a leaflet, it listed the advantages of the drink and told about its preparation method. In the British Museum.
32. The first American coffee trader in America has become a kind Dorothy Jones of Boston, she received a license to sell it in 1670.
33. During the American Civil War, when coffee was a deficit, the residents of New Orleans were used as a substitute for its chicory. Today, they continue, is added to coffee, chicory, as well as a large hot milk fat.
34. In ancient times, the first coffee houses of Constantinople called "qahveh khaneh" - "School of Wisdom", because there were going to men and discussed art and literature.
35. The main conclusion of a recent study by scientists at New York University, says, people need only one hour out to see whether or not they are compatible. Therefore, they propose to carry out all the first dates in coffee shops, where it is difficult to stay if there is no excuse really important.
36. To prepare a good "espresso" is the rule of four "M": Macinazione (correct grinding), Miscela (right mix varieties), Macchina (coffee machine), and, of course, Mano (Barista).
37. Beethoven was known and adhered to the rules of the coffee - to boil a cup of coffee using coffee beans 60, no more, no less.
38. Rumors: Louis XV spent 15 thousand dollars a year on coffee for their daughters, and Voltaire drank 50 cups of coffee a day.
39. In Greece, Turkey and the senior serving coffee in the first place. This is a tradition.
40. The world's largest supplier of coffee - Brazil, on the plantations of the country grows more than 3.97 billion coffee trees.. In second place Colombia, she has honored two thirds of Brazilian splendor. However, in recent years, this monopoly has violated the ... Vietnam, which is the largest supplier of beans "cheap" varieties "Robusta".
41. Popular tradition - to be added to the coffee drink different aromatic compounds appeared in America in the 70s of the 20th century.
42. Drink 4 cups of coffee a day, it minimizes the risk to get gallstones or liver cirrhosis, and possibly even more ... In addition, kofeinozavisimyh reduces the chances of becoming a victim of Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's, and significantly - by 60%!
43. The largest variety of coffee beans - Nicaraguan Margogipe.
44. Enjoy the great taste and aroma of coffee Christians could only thanks to Pope Clement VIII, who will appreciate the drink, lifted a ban on its use. Previously, coffee was considered a drink of infidels.
45. The coffee beans roasting deeper, in fact, less caffeine. And most of its beans, Medium Rare. The longer the beans are roasted, the more caffeine to lose.
46. Prior to the tenth century, coffee was considered a food. For example, Ethiopian coffee mixed with animal fat, rolled from this mixture and beads were saturated with "food" during long journeys nomadic.
47. The first grinder invented ... London fitter in 1665 and patented grinder only in 1798.
48. Tea was invented in France in 1827.
49. The German physician Leonhard Rauwolf, who returned from a ten-year journey to the Middle East in 1561, gave this description of coffee "drink black as ink, useful for the treatment of numerous diseases, especially of the stomach, is served in a porcelain dish, consists of water and fruit of the tree, called bunnu ".
50. His popularity of coffee is required to Islam. This religion forbids believers to use wine, but does not prohibit the drinking of coffee. In ancient times, the Arabs coffee and wine be labeled "qahwa". Initially, coffee drinking Arabic Sufi monks, but in the 15th century in the East drink was ubiquitous, the first coffee shops - "kaveh kanes".
51. Arab monopoly on coffee violated Muslim pilgrim from India - Baba Budan (Baba Budan). Around 1650, according to legend, he was able to take away from Mecca, literally "on itself", seven seeds of the coffee tree. He put them in the southern part of India Chickmaglur area. These trees, in fact, are the "parents" of the majority of coffee trees that grow right now all over the world.
52. Properly prepared coffee - is 98, 76% water and 1, 24% solids - derivatives of coffee bean.
53. In the history of coffee is written a lot of books, a lot of attention paid to them, in fact, the historical moment of the detection of wonderful properties of coffee beans. Here are the shortest and the most common option. According to legend, over coffee, we should thank the ordinary shepherd. About 800-s BC. e. (In another version -.. 500-s BC) Ethiopian goatherd named Kaldi (Kaldi), herded goats noticed that sometimes they get a bit too frisky and agile. After watching their "wards", Kaldi discovered that they fleeced the bushes with dark shiny leaves - or rather, eat the red fruit. Shepherd decided to try the berries and after a short time notice an extraordinary stimulating effect. He took the local monk fruit, which they cooked. The drink has a bitter, but after drinking a little, the monk felt the same invigorating effect of which Kaldi told him. A popular drink became monks because the long helped preserve the strength and vivacity of spirit in unceasing prayer.
54. After harvesting, the berries of coffee trees should be treated as soon as possible, in order to avoid fermentation. There are two ways of processing: dry and wet. Dry processing is also called "natural" because it does not involve washing the berries, which are simply dried in the sun for 15-20 days. Then, manually or by means of a special machine with berries removed dried pulp (pulp). In this way, the coffee treated centuries. "Wet" processing involves the removal berry pulp just a few hours after harvest with water. This method is considered more accurate, since smaller grains are damaged during processing and purification. Then the coffee beans are sorted by size and packed in bags, but that is not suitable for export are usually used in local trade. 55, was delicious, the grain must be properly roasted coffee to who will be in your cup. Proper roasting - is both an art and a science at the same time, the formulation, which tested for centuries. The roasting process (temperature of 370F to 450F, or from about 188C to 232C, time - 20 minutes) of green coffee beans to lose weight approximately 18-23%, decreasing in amount of from 35% to 60% and acquiring color from light brown to dark brown. Designations Mild (soft), Medium (average) or Dark (strong), that you see on the packaging of coffee beans - this is the degree of roasting. Today, on the packaging of coffee can meet the following notation: American roast, French roast, Italian roast, Turkish roast - from the lightest roast to practically coals.
56. Despite the fact that no one doubts the fact that coffee beans over time, lose their flavor, there are disputes, how long it is to "required." The truth is that coffee beans, provided that you have opened vacuum packaging, begin to lose their flavor after three weeks, and ground coffee in a week. Hence the conclusion - the grinder should only be used when you do decide to make a cup of coffee rather than grinding grain in store. Do not deprive yourself of a simple, inexpensive and useful fun.
57. If your espresso machine does not know how to grind coffee, or you are using a "drip" coffee maker, it would be good to know how much time should be spent on a grind. Coarse grinding (short time) ensures clog your coffee machine. But if you grind the beans for a long time - do not get to enjoy high quality coffee flavor, it will be weak and "watery". For the "drip" coffee maker grinding time should be between 15 to 20 seconds (do not forget in the process several times to shake the grinder that all grain quality milled), espresso machine - 20-25 seconds. For machines with a conical paper filter suitable time from 25 seconds to 30 seconds. For French-press - 10-12 seconds. 58. We remind you that in the "Arabica" contains 1% caffeine, in the "Robusta" - 2%. When you see the inscription on the packaging of coffee without caffeine 97%, it is 97% of 1% or 2%. And - well, this is the so-called decaf or decaffeinated. Two methods, ie. n today used for decaffeination. "European" and "Swiss". "European" method gets its name because it is in Europe for the first time made "chemical insult" of noble grains. The essence of the method: the beans are soaked in water and then "laundered" in ethylene chloride - this substance, and pulls the caffeine from beans. Further beans was washed, dried and sent to frying. The advantage of the "European" approach over the "Swiss" is that when such a treatment is better preserved the taste of coffee. "Swiss" method or, as it is also called "Swiss water processing", - more humane method, chemicals are not used, beans washed with hot water and steam, then the resulting water is passed through carbon filters - to remove the caffeine. Once the active ingredient is removed from the water, the beans are placed in the same "decaffeinated" water that they have absorbed all that is given, other than caffeine. The method, of course, harmless, but together with the caffeine from the beans is removed, and some amount of oil so obtained and less flavorful coffee.
59. "Coffee makes people wasting their time and money. And all this because of the small cups of black, bitter, angry, stinking puddles toshnilnoy water. " - Women's Petition Against Coffee, 1674.
60. "Coffee should be black as hell, strong as death and sweet as love." - Turkish proverb.