Panoramas of South America
South America is located in the Western Hemisphere and is washed by the waters of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. This amazing mainland is perhaps the absolute leader in the number of natural World Records.
Here is the longest mountain range in the world (Andes, 7600 km). It is the rainy mainland: on the western slopes of the Andes the rains poured over the year so much water that is not flowing, it could cover the earth with a layer of up to 15 meters.
Near this place is the Atacama Desert in Chile - the driest place on Earth: there for years does not drop a single drop of rain. In South America, is world's highest waterfall Angel Falls (979 m), the most high navigable lake Titicaca, the largest lagoon Dos Patos ...
In South America it runs the largest river of the Earth - Amazon, which abound with crocodiles and piranhas predatory fish.
The main wealth of the Americas - flora, tropical rain forest, where grow different kinds of palms, papaya, Ceiba. crowns of trees, herbs, bushes 12 are located in floor-tiers, with the highest of them sometimes rise above ground to 100 m.
Argentina. In this country there is practically everything - many kilometers of beaches and some of the highest peaks of the world, the endless steppe and waterfalls, ski resorts and many examples of colonial architecture, lush forests and vast metropolis.
On the border of Argentina with Brazil and Paraguay is the famous National Park "Iguazu", covering an area of 55 thousand. Hectares. The park is considered one of the modern wonders of the world - here are the 275 waterfalls, is overthrown in a moment about 5000 cubic meters of water from a height of about 70 m.
Perito Moreno Glacier - one of the most important tourist attractions of Argentina. It is 250 square kilometers of ice, which are fueled by the ice of the Andes. Floe Perito Moreno is the third largest freshwater storage.
Chile - one of the most interesting countries in the world with thousands of years of history, beautiful landscapes and majestic mountains.
The famous Atacama Desert - one of the most interesting places in the country and at the same time - one of the most dry and lifeless places on the planet. It happens that there is a few hundred years in a row does not drop a single drop of rain, but nevertheless, this region is famous for its rich archaeological sites and unique flora and fauna. There are more than 160 species of cactus and is home to around 200 species of animals, mostly - reptiles and insects.
From Puerto Montt to the Strait of Magellan and the island Tierra del Fuego (Tiero del Fuego) stretches one of the most unusual areas of the country. The climate is harsh, rainfall is relatively small, so the thousands of local islands, fjords and mountains covered with forests in the north and in the southern part wastelands. This is where the Andes, whose flooded as a result of the impact of tectonic processes tops and form the islands.
Santiago de Chile - a huge city, spread out on the fertile valley of the same name, sandwiched between the mountain ranges of 100 km. from the ocean. Capital, economic and cultural center of the country, with a population of more than 5, 5 million inhabitants, the city was founded February 12, 1541, and is considered one of the most unusual capitals of the world. Skyscrapers of glass and concrete side by side here with the numerous churches of the XVIII century, the inhabitants of the same pleasure to wear as a modern business suits and traditional tribal clothes.
Southern countries is markedly different from other regions of Chile on the climatic conditions and landscapes. It drops a lot of rain and little sunshine, cool winter, and in summer the average temperature does not rise above 18C. The mountain slopes are covered with dense evergreen and mixed forests, and extreme south bordering the harsh lands Patagonia covered steppe and moors, with some parts bear all signs arctic tundra.
Bolivia - one of the poorest countries in the world, which has no outlet to the sea. Approximately one-third of Bolivia lies within the Amazon River basin - little-known part of the continent, populated by Indian tribes. A huge area of wetlands, savannah and tropical forest, known as "the jungle", which remained amazingly diverse world of plants and animals, is reputedly one of the last regions of the planet, not yet spoiled by the influence of modern civilization.
In Bolivia is Lake Titicaca - the highest lake in the world and the highest navigable lake in the world (the height of the water surface 3810 m above sea level). The name of the lake comes from the Indian word "rock puma", and its shape does have some resemblance to the outline of the animal.
Sucre - Bolivia's official capital and one of the highest cities in the world, located at an altitude of 2790 meters above sea level.
The cultural heritage of the Incas, the majestic scenery of the Andes and the colorful local population, more than 60% of whom are Indians - the direct descendants of the mysterious ancient civilizations make this country the most unusual and the most exciting place on the continent.