Abandoned factory ZIL
• Abandoned factory ZIL
Go to the territory of the plant is now very simple. You have to wait until the guards turn away and go
The modern territory of the plant. Likhachev comparable to the area of VVC and is 275 hectares. These acres in the center of Moscow haunt many bright minds
Because of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia:
Moscow Automobile Plant. IA Likhachev (ZIL), since 1971 head of large enterprise production association automotive industry of the USSR, which is composed of 9 more specialized plants located in Moscow, and others. Cities. Manufactures trucks (ZIL-130, ZIL-131) and passenger high-end cars (ZIL-114, ZIL-117) Electric Domestic, engines, spare parts for cars, special and non-standard equipment, as well as all kinds of accessories for its own needs. The factory was founded in 1916 "the Partnership on equal footing automobile Moscow plant" AMO "."
Since 1956, the plant is named IA Likhachev, who was its director for 25 years.
Great work on technical re-implemented in the 60-ies., Which is associated with the organization of production of trucks ZIL-130, mass production of which started in December 1964. The plant employs hundreds of automatic production lines, which will fully automate the processing of heavy body parts. All the major car units are assembled on conveyors.
Raising the technical level of production and continuous efforts to improve the design of cars and refrigerators have allowed significantly improve the quality and increase output. In 1973 production of trucks increased compared to 1965 by 75, 2%, spare parts for cars - more than 2 times. At the factory the development of socialist competition. On September 1, 1973 29 shops and departments awarded the title of the team and 33 thousand. People. - the title of the drummer of communist labor. He was awarded three Orders of Lenin (1942, 1949, 1971) and the Order of the Red Banner of Labor (1944). According to the statements of Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin, "in the present state of square meter of the territory of the plant worth 1 thousand dollars, its potential for growth -. At least twice"
By the way, the plant area of interest not only for its cost. Here, for example, there are places where photos do not need to be converted into B & W - and so they BW (especially in winter)
A little more formal fresh information:
"Current production of cars at the ZIL is unprofitable in the long term, the plant will be located high-tech production, which will take 9 times less space -.. 30-40 hectares It can be output as a car, and a wider range of products.
Future areas ZIL fully cleared up only after approval of the project of its reconstruction. In case of its successful implementation at the plant them. Likhachev will be a new production cluster that will create new jobs in the city. "
The area is divided ZILa small Moscow railway ring into two parts. One old, and the second came later and it housed the shop to collect cars, refrigerators and other advanced products.
To get from one part to another can be a three-train / railway bridge, one aboveground gallery, but the best underground tunnel. Right pedestrian underpass, left - navigable
However, on an inflatable boat and a pedestrian can be overcome. Here is one of several in the road entrances underground shelters
The old blacksmith shop scored first. On the part of the railway are elegantly covered with mesh
The inside has long been swept under the zero
A joke, not yet. For example, the rack is integral with luxury import capacitors
plunderers of wealth weighing position is not needed, the weigher fired
ZIL has repeatedly been a pioneer in the application of the domestic automotive industry many design innovations. Among them, hydraulic brakes (1931), a 12-volt system equipment (1934), eight-cylinder engine and radio (1936), hypoid final drive and windows Servo (1946), Four-chamber carburetor and air conditioning ( 1959), chetyrohfarnaya lighting system (1962), disc brakes (1967).
In 1975-1989 gg. Plant annual gathering of 195-210 ths. trucks. In the 1990s, the volume of production declined drastically to 7, 2 thousand. Truck (1996), increased to 22 thousand since 2000., And then again began to decline.
2, 24 thous. Cars produced in 2009. From 1924 to 2009, the plant has made 7 million 870 thousand. 089 trucks, 39 thousand. 536 buses (in 1927-1961 gg., 1963-1994 gg. And in 1997) and 12 th. 148 passenger cars (in 1936-2000 gg .; 72% of them - ZIS-101). In addition, in 1951-2000 gg. 5, 5 million household refrigerators were manufactured in 1951-1959 gg. - 3, 24 million bicycles. Exported to 51 countries supplied more than 630 ths. Cars.
Parish capitalism broke down and shoe shop
The main dining room works fine and gives soup with sausage. And this will not buy anything, even posters on the wall is notified that the products subject to sales tax of 4%
When the "new proizvedstvenny cluster" will appear at the plant here to build a small Hadron nanokollayder
The benefit of the materials for the construction of hand
a prayer room
Hall of solemn reception of delegations
Yes, this is asynchronous motors 3, 59 kW
Material narcotics, psychotropic, potent and toxic drugs
Checkpoint hostel. In excellent condition, even the remote fire alarm system in place
It's time to leave this wonderful place, not forgetting the output score pockets cylinder blocks