Crater lake in the world
Crater Lake - a body of water formed by water-filled volcanic crater (indentation on the top of the volcano), the caldera (depression, formed due to the failure of the summit of the volcano), maar (explosion crater) or impact crater, which appeared as a result of a cosmic body falling on the Earth's surface .
Crater Lake has mainly form of a circle, high wall and is usually filled with rainwater. This is a compilation of the most interesting crater lakes.
Crater Lake in Chukotka. The diameter of the lake - about 12 kilometers and a maximum depth - 174 meters. This crater lake appeared about 3.6 million years ago. The exact cause of education no one knows, but it is assumed that this or stroke, or volcanic crater.
It is incumbent stratovolcano in the south of the Alaska Peninsula. The volcano is 10 km in diameter and has a caldera filled with a large lake, the size of 4.5 * 3 km, which was formed during the eruption of the volcano in 1912. Maximum height Katme, which is a crater lake - 2047 meters above sea level.
Caldera, whose radius of 2 km, was formed by a volcanic eruption about 800 years ago. Crater Lake is 250 meters deep and is painted in green color due to the dissolution of minerals. At the bottom of the lake there are cracks through which gas streams are raised.
Crater Lake in the Rift Valley, Africa
Rift is called the large linear cavity in the earth's crust. Rift Valley lies between the highest mountain ranges in Africa - Virunga, Mitumba and Rwenzori. There are lakes, including Lake Tanganyika, which is the world's longest freshwater lake and one of the deepest (1470 meters).
Crater Lake National Park, Oregon
Crater Lake National Park is known worldwide for its deep blue color and purity of water. It partially fills the caldera depth of 1220 meters, which appeared about 7700 years ago, after the destruction of the volcano Mount Mazama.
The size of the crater lake: 8 to 9.5 km. The average depth is 350 meters and the maximum - 595 meters. Photo from space.
This is the deepest lake in the United States, the second deepest in North America.
Mount Pinatubo, Philippines
Pinatubo volcano is located on the Philippine island of Luzon, 93 km north-west from the capital of Manila.
The huge crater diameter of 2.5 km, formed by the eruption of 1991, formed a crater lake with rain power.
"The Lake five colors," Japan
Mount Zao is located on the border of Yamagata and Miyagi prefectures. In the 1720s in the volcano crater lake was formed after the eruption of Okama. It is also called "the lake of five colors", because it changes color depending on the weather.
The diameter of the crater lake is 360 meters and the depth - 60 m.
on a volcano crater lake of Taal, Philippines
Taal volcano is located on the territory of the Philippines 50 km away from Manila.
Crater Lake caldera fills the diameter of 25-30 km, which was formed after the strongest eruption of 100-500 thousand years ago.
Crater of dormant volcano Deribo, located at an altitude of 3042 meters, was formed by the eruption 3500 years ago. Its size - 5-8 km in diameter.
The view from space on the crater lake.
Crater Lake on Mount Ruapehu, New Zealand
The current stratovolcano Ruapehu in New Zealand is the highest point of the North Island (2797 meters).
At the top of the volcano is the crater lake.
Yak Loum, Cambodia
This beautiful lake is located in the 4000-year-old volcanic crater. It is almost perfectly round - 720 meters in diameter and has a depth of about 50 meters. Around the crater lake is a lush tropical forest with a variety of exotic birds.
Kuril Lake, Russia
In the southern part of the Kamchatka Peninsula is a large caldera, which is located in the crater lake. The area of the Kurile Lake - about 77 square meters. km., average depth of 195 meters, the maximum depth of 316 meters. (Photo by Roman Murushkina).
Kuril Lake. View from space.
Kelimutu volcano height 1639 meters is located on the Indonesian island of Flores. Here are 3 of the crater lake, each of which is painted in a different color.
In lakes Kelimutu solutions of various minerals, and because of this for a few years, they change their color from black to turquoise, red-brown or green.
Crater Lake Keriz Iceland
Located in the south of Iceland. Caldera, which is a crater lake, consists of red or black volcanic stone. The depth of the caldera - 55 meters, width - 170 meters, age - 3000 years. The very shallow crater lake - only 7-14 meters in depth.
Crater Lake on licancabur Chile
Licancabur - stratovolcano height of 5920 meters above sea level. The crater lake is covered with ice most of the year. This is one of the high-altitude lakes in the world.
Geothermal Viti crater lake, Iceland
Askja - acting stratovolcano altitude 1510 meters above sea level. During the eruption in 1875, in the caldera area of about 45 square meters. km. formed two large lakes. One of them - a crater geothermal lake Viti diameter of about 100 m and about 7 meters deep. The lake water is a milky blue. The photograph can be distinguished bathing people.
Heavenly Lake, North Korea, China
Crater Lake Tianchi or Cheongju is located on the border of North Korea and China. Also called the Heavenly Lake.
The crater was formed as a result of a strong eruption in 970. Crater lake shore is very steep. Springing from the river forms a lake in the crater wall of a deep gorge with steep ledges, where the waterfalls are formed. The biggest of them is located at the outer edge of the crater and has a height of about 50 meters.
Heavenly Lake is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the highest crater lake in the world - the height of the water surface of 2189 m.