Excursion to the Museum of Cosmonautics
Earlier this little museum was represented only by small models of satellites. However, it is now a fascinating museum about outer space, with these modules, which is terribly interesting to hang permanently. The museum's director Aleksandr Lazutkin, himself an astronaut and space museum is such a get-together. Let's see.
The first dogs astronauts, Squirrel ...
They're the best. They lived a happy life and died a natural death, and then of them make a scarecrow.
The first artificial earth satellite. Most likely, this is not it, and one of the copies, the first burned in the dense layers of the atmosphere of long ago.
In general, in the hall which we were met upon entering, are located all sorts of satellites and interplanetary probes.
Order of Lenin (the highest award of the Soviet Union) and the Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union (the higher the degree of deviation of the USSR), Yuri Gagarin.
East, where Gagarin flew into space. That's looking interior. There is little space and cramped, difficult to take over the interior through a small window and a wide angle.
Imagine this now everything is debugged and tested, and then. Gagarin was put into close, corked, cozy, spherical "coffin", on top of a rocket packed with fuel. It's a given that five unmanned launches before, only two were successful. This is what we used to imagine Gagarin fearless hero, but at that moment at the start for sure it where necessary, was bench-press.
Private room with an exhibition devoted to the history of the discovery and design of the first flight. Jet engines.
Leather coat Queen.
Luna-16. Automatic station for the study of the Moon. This station was launched, in order to deliver on the ground samples of lunar soil.
Just imagine how much effort, time and effort of scientists to reach the moon with this. It samples of lunar soil.
The lander interplanetary station Mars-3. This thing (exactly the same) - the first thing that flopped on Mars created from people.
Meteorites in the museum space, in contrast to the planetarium, you can touch everything.
Iron unbunched Ataxia (for nerds info).
Naughty handle visitors polished meteor, it is clear that it is a metallic rock.
The suit "Merlin" for spacewalks and work of astronauts on the lunar surface. On the Moon, our work and have not had the opportunity, as you know.
And this is the suit of Michael Collins. This is he who in the expedition of Apollo 11, piloted the command module in orbit of the moon, Armstrong and Aldrin on the Moon drove a run. Armstrong - the first of the people who set foot on the moon, if someone does not know.
I was told that Collins was in the museum, saw his suit, smiling, as he has done.
interplanetary probe Venera-10.
This is what you would think? GLONASS satellite.
Oh well, enough already about the still space to talk. The most interesting fact - it is flying people in space and their lives there. Come closer to the subject.
This IL-76 (or rather its layout) equipped for training astronauts work in microgravity. The airplane climbs, and then goes into a free fall, in which a state of weightlessness. A few minutes of free fall, and the plane is climbing again.
launch pad Soyuz rocket from Baikonur, in the common Gagarin's Start.
Launch pad of the Union at the launch site in French Guiana.
Start Shuttle playground.
Such is the installation on the theme of docking in space Soyuz-4 and Soyuz-5. Then, from one ship to another could pass only through open space.
From another angle, directly in space.
This docking system, which was developed for the first international docking in space of our Union and the American Apollo.
This is the descent of the spacecraft Soyuz module. In this module, the astronauts are, when flying into space, it is returned to Earth. The module is designed for flight of three astronauts. Soyuz spacecraft - for optional study.
lodgment, simply put, an armchair astronaut. It made under each individual astronaut.
the orbital module. As you can see, in the module in which astronauts will start, quite closely, and before docking with the ISS ship leveled and goes into orbit more than a day. So uncomfortable to sit in the cramped condition. This time, the astronauts hang out in a spacious living compartment.
The rescue suit "Sokol-K." Astronaut spacesuit needed in case of depressurization of the ship. There was a period in space exploration, when the astronauts flew in sweat pants, and at the time of landing, the unit depressurized - all those astronauts have never flown anywhere else.
A very interesting exhibit in the museum is a module "Zvezda". In this module, our astronauts live, eat, work, sleep and go to the toilet. In this module you can go. He, however, bald, in reality, all these panels and covers on the walls, ceiling and floor modules are made to the instrument.
Flight Suit. In this suit VA Janibekov worked on Salyut 7 space station in 1985.
In general, for all the astronauts made individually for each. Suits are made in the form lodgements made personally, even underwear and socks made by each astronaut personally. Therefore, nameless things the astronauts there. Any clothing was made for someone special.
That's shoes, all super-duper shoes.
Replacement jumpsuit SA Volkov.
Preventive pull-suit "Penguin-3". The suit is made so that the load astronaut muscles and prevent them from atrophy due to prolonged stay in weightlessness.
Bathrobe AI Laveykin. Apparently, Roskosmos us something about not telling the ISS, it seems, there in their orbit and the bathhouse there.
Here, beach suit. The joke, of course. Training load-suit of TNK-1 cosmonaut VA Lyakhov.
On the right preventive pneumatic vacuum kit "Chibis". We need to influence lowering of barometric pressure on the lower part of the astronaut's body to prevent disorders of the cardiovascular system when returning to earthly conditions after a long stay in weightlessness.
Left diving suit "Trout," is used in case of emergency landing on water.
The water supply system "Kolos-5D". Drinking water, canned ionic silver, silver water for the astronauts, in general.
Conservation in the range.
electric heater. It warmed up canned food in tubes and jars.
Set the traveling.
Bike. But on such a simulator astronauts engaged in fitness.
Please note that all this set on a small stalk molded Velcro to the wall, the same weightlessness.
Set on the other hand.
The suit for spacewalk.
airlock to exit astronauts into space.
In general, the astronauts on the ISS did not fly to hang out and spend a lot of experiments, the results of which form the basis for the planned interplanetary flight. For example, in each expedition astronauts grow some plants.
Setting the "Line" for the study of plant growth and development of tissues.
Different sets of seeds.
Setting the "Oasis-1M" was used on the space station "Salyut-7" and "peace."
The device ISF-2. Designed for growing fungi and microorganisms, as well as aquatic animals, tritons, crabs and shrimps.
Funny installation on just landed cosmonauts roasting sausages over a fire in the forest.
And at the end of the descent module - a bunch of instructions from the series "Help the astronaut to get."