Odessa Opera House

Odessa Opera House

Every town has its own symbol. The symbol - a place where tourists are the first thing, a symbol - an object that is depicted on postcards and magnets, a symbol - a place where people come to be photographed couple. In Odessa, founded and built by Europeans, and suddenly grown rich in the early nineteenth century, it became the symbol of the theater.

The first Odessa theater was opened in 1810, but already in 1873, unfortunately, burned down. But rich and full nobles Odessa was not going to tolerate this state of affairs - is a new theater has been preserved to our days was built in 1887.

Odessa Opera House

The new building was designed by the famous Viennese architects Ferdinand Fellner and Herman Helmer, built in Europe around fifty theaters.

Odessa Opera House

The prototype of the Odessa theater, which was built in the Viennese Baroque style, served as the Dresden Opera.

Odessa Opera House

The project Fellner and Helmer was not finalized in detail, in addition, the architects did not come to Odessa during construction, so much redefined and complemented the Odessa architect Alexander Bernardazzi Felix Gonsirovsky Yuri Dimitrenko.

Odessa Opera House

Implementation of the project has cost a whopping half a million rubles, but the theater building is equipped with the latest technology: the first electric lighting and central heating have been applied in the Novorossiysk Territory.

Odessa Opera House

side of the theater, looking at the English club, called English.

Odessa Opera House

And the side that faces onto the Palais Royal, called the French.

Odessa Opera House

The first two floors, decorated only the columns of the Tuscan order, create a sense of fundamental and stability, and the third, delicate and refined floor, it creates an overall impression of lightness, harmony and elegance of the building.

Odessa Opera House

"Odessa Theater - the best in the world!" - so reacted to the project co-author, Ferdinand Fellner, seeing firsthand the building on arrival in Odessa after construction. I absolutely agree with him.

Odessa Opera House

The new theater immediately became the cultural center of the city, a favorite destination of the rich classes of Odessa, and, moreover, enjoyed enormous popularity among artists from around the world. On the stage singing Fyodor Chaliapin, Enrico Caruso, Titta Ruffo, Louise Tetratsini, Anna Pavlova danced, Catherine Geltser and Isadora Duncan, conducted Tchaikovsky, Rimsky-Korsakov and Rachmaninov.

But, for the love of the world-famous artists and citizens, the fate of the theater was not easy.

In 1925, a fire broke out in the building, which destroyed the stage and damaged the auditorium. A year later, the theater has been restored, but after 40 years it took him a full restoration, which was carried out on isolated from the all-Union budget of four million rubles.

But it helped for a short time - by mid-nineties of the twentieth century, the building was in a catastrophic state. The reason for these problems lies in the subsidence, podlegayuschey under the theater. The city started talking about the fact that theater is slowly but surely "slide" to the sea, and soon we will not see it. Fortunately, these rumors proved to be premature.

In 2007, it completed a long-term restoration, during which the building foundation has been strengthened by piles, made the installation of modern air conditioning systems, fire alarm systems, electrical supply, and the full restoration of the facade and the interior.

air conditioning system.

Odessa Opera House

The red-green devices - is plungers, allow to raise and lower the stage.

Odessa Opera House

electropanelboard.

Odessa Opera House

Backstage. Right - white concrete screen, clipping the auditorium of the interior. Such a screen is installed in the theater after a fire in 1925.

Odessa Opera House

The scenery of one of the performances.

Odessa Opera House

One of the highest points of the theater - a place above the stage.

Odessa Opera House

Of course, the technical details and hidden behind the scenes of the theater the viewer's eye. Going to the theater, he sees something quite different.

Odessa Opera House

The lobby is on the English side of the theater.

Odessa Opera House Odessa Opera House

The staircase leading to the mezzanine lodges.

Odessa Opera House Odessa Opera House Odessa Opera House

Lobby lodges with passages to the first tier, and stairs leading to the second tier lodges. It is here to film scenes from the movie Marlezonskogo ballet "D'Artagnan and Three Musketeers."

Odessa Opera House Odessa Opera House

Lobby, follows the curve of the auditorium.

Odessa Opera House

Dressing room in the lobby of one of the layers.

Odessa Opera House Odessa Opera House

Of course, special attention deserves the luxuriously decorated auditorium.

In Odessa Opera for viewers provides space on the ground, stalls of beds, mezzanine first and second tiers, the amphitheater, and the gallery.

Odessa Opera House

The architecture of the hall in the style of the French Rococo.

Odessa Opera House

The ceiling of the hall is decorated with four medallions with pictures of Francois Leffler, depicting scenes from Shakespeare's "Hamlet", "Midsummer Night's Dream," "The Winter's Tale" and "As You Like It."

Odessa Opera House

And it occupies a central place a huge crystal chandelier.

Odessa Opera House

The auditorium, as well as the lobby, stairs and hallways, decorated with stucco ornaments with gold, red velvet and wood.

Odessa Opera House

In addition, the hall has unique acoustics - whisper uttered on the stage can be heard in all its corners.

Odessa Opera House

After the first visit to the Odessa Opera House, the great Fyodor Chaliapin wrote to his wife: "... I was in the theater and came to the wild delight of the beauty of the theater. I've never seen anything more beautiful. "

Odessa Opera House Odessa Opera House

But like any other theater, the Odessa Opera really comes to life only during the performances, when the room is filled with spectators.

Odessa Opera House

But on stage the best artists.

Odessa Opera House

And every viewer gets a chance to touch the art.

Odessa Opera House

Is not it wonderful?

Odessa Opera House

As a small bonus, we will climb to the roof of the theater.

The sculpture above the main entrance, the patron of art Melpomene in a chariot drawn by four panthers, is a clear image of allegory "only the power of art is able to conquer the bestial savagery"

Odessa Opera House Odessa Opera House

On the balustrade around the perimeter of the theater located sixteen non-recurring babies, cupids sculptures.

Odessa Opera House

Dome Theater.

Odessa Opera House Odessa Opera House

Risheljevskaya.

Odessa Opera House

From left to right: street Lanzheronovskaya house Vasily Navrotskiy, statues on the balustrade of the theater.

Odessa Opera House

Home Vasily Navrotskiy, owner, editor and publisher of the once popular newspaper "Odessa leaf".

Odessa Opera House

In the foreground - the building in a lane Tchaikovsky, in the background - Odessa Bay.

Odessa Opera House

Lanzheronovskaya Street, turning into self-titled Descent, Odessa port.

Odessa Opera House

The fountain in front of the theater, once the English Club, now restored Navy Museum.

Odessa Opera House

The theater is a good example of how to look well-groomed and remediation of Odessa.

Odessa Opera House