The museum "Submarine"
• "U-Boat" Museum of
I, as a person who grew up far from the sea, never before have seen submarines. And go inside, this deep-sea ship, do not even dream of!
It turns out, one black submarine is washed by the quiet waters of the Khimki Reservoir and invites all curious on your board.
The submarine B-396 641 B project under the name "Novosibirsk Komsomolets", was founded in 1979 at the plant "Red Sormovo" in Nizhny Novgorod.
The submarine was carrying service from 1980 to 1998 in the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea and the Norwegian Sea.
In 2000, the submarine was delivered towboat in Severodvinsk, and in April 2001 - sent to the shop for alterations.
Interior layout of the submarine has undergone minor changes, after which in 2003 was officially launched as a museum.
The length of the boat - 90 m, diving to a depth - 300 meters, has 1 anchor.
Width - 8, 6 m.
Draft - 5 and 9 m.
The crew - 78 people
Immersion depth - 300 m
Autonomy - 80 days
Number of torpedoes - 24
Range - 15,000 miles
Speed - surfaced: 13, 5 / U-16 units (code "Som", by NATO classification - "Tango class"), refers to the boats of the 2nd generation of the domestic shipbuilding industry.
The boat consists of 7 sections: torpedo, two residential and storage, CPU, diesel, Electromotive, stern and residential.
On the tour you can only get a group of at least 10 people, children to adults. The group meets at the entrance to the museum. It is better to go on a weekend, then the probability that the group will be typed quickly, more.
Next to the submarine at the quay on display as military amphibious aircraft and a boat.
Enter submarine in museum embodiment is carried out through the starboard tambour input.
In our group was dominated by men of all ages. Two turned out to be former submariners.
The guide - a real admiral, according to the bearing. It was interesting to all. Hour flying. All went with an open mouth.
The first section - the torpedo.
The transitions on the boat were carried out through the hatches, they are saved, but added to the traditional door, where the visitors. Torpedo compartments outside closed, and inside the boat 6 torpedo devices available for inspection.
In this area, there are also diving suits, which were used as needed.
There were beds and soldiers, but they were withdrawn, as there was nowhere to stay visitors.
The boat could shoot just 6-torpedoes, each of which is pointed at the different goals defeat.
Surrealism technical stuff, very picturesque!
Now, the whole submarine is crammed with air conditioning, and divers have to breathe is not very fresh air.
In the compartment presented a rescue suit diver to exit crew members in emergency situations through the torpedo tubes.
Tour one of the most interesting, which I was able to visit. Highly recommended, especially if in the family there are boys. All you can touch, to sit in the navigator's chair, jump through the hatch, call bell.
By the way! What is the bell know? Sure?
The second compartment - residential, battery.
There showroom with equipment for lectures. Who can batten down the hatches.
crew cabins and saloon.
Stateroom captain, setting a strict, no-nonsense.
Insulator (Medical) and latrine.
The third section - the central control post.
The bay two decks. On the top - center position to the local posts, chart, sonar and radar logging.
The Captain's cabin with a variety of navigation devices.
Radio room on the left and right side of the galley.
Galley is small. Cocu not envy. In such close quarters to cook breakfast, lunch and dinner for 78 people. Every day, for several months!
submariners food was quality and varied. Prodpaok remembered my husband in the North. Yes, it was time.
The fourth section - residential, battery.
In the compartment two decks: upper and lower. On the upper deck there is an exhibition hall - "Museum of the history of diesel submarines," as well as the layout of the submarine 641B project in scale 1:40 (in section).
The fifth section - diesel.
This shows the diesel starboard with service systems.
A sixth compartment - electromotor.
In the motor compartment to starboard and service system.
The passage of the hatch requires some skill. Would you like to try? Children in delight!
Why are there children.
The seventh section - aft, residential.
On the upper deck is impossible without life jackets. And so I ...
But the possibility is still there, albeit virtual.
On the overhead compartment located aft hatch with regular diving tubes for Emergency Exit.
In the bay - general ship systems, mechanisms and devices, as well as the sleeping place of the team.
The submarine is installed on an underwater hydraulic engineering base, enabling the ship to lift 4 meters and made open for inspection rudder and steering system.