Alternate command post of the Soviet Black Sea Fleet
• Alternate Command Post of the Black Sea Fleet of the USSR
Object 221 - another ghost of the Cold War, another "Wonder of the World Crimean war", affecting its scope and today "nobody needs".
The object 221 (another name - "Alsou" object "Nora", height 495) - once a top-secret underground city, able to withstand a nuclear war, which was built as an emergency command post to command the Black Sea Fleet of the USSR. Rumor has it that in addition to the transfer of command of the fleet, the object 221 is also intended for asylum role dignitaries. In short, "if tomorrow war" that was where the evacuation of the party leadership and the "cream of society", vacationers in the Crimea.
But elite bunker that place and died, in 1992, turned into a corpse.
The object 221 with air. Externally - nothing special.
The object 221 correctly not even call the underground city. After all, its tunnels and inspection gallery cut in the solid rock.
Chosen "Height 495", according to the geological survey, had a monolithic rock structure, without any faults and cavities. According to the project, the height of the rock "roof" of the premises was 180 meters. "Roof" permeated the two shafts with a diameter of 4 and 5 meters. Some tourists even mistake them for the missile.
The underground city has three levels, connected by a long tunnel and footway, which could drive the car (I will show below diagram). Only lead-footway from one of the two entrances entering the lens 221 had a length of over 500 meters (after all, it is an object of higher antinuclear protection class). The total length of tunnels and inspection gallery is more than 10 (!) Km. It seems incredible, but such a large-scale construction was carried almost imperceptibly. special "underground" construction battalion was formed, reinforced by experts who had experience in the construction of concreted pits for ballistic missiles.
Nearby, at the foot of the mountain was built Gasfort crushed stone plant, where at night and dumped excavated from the mountain rock. enemy satellites in their picture should have seen just an ordinary work for the benefit of citizens of the Soviet factory for the extraction of gravel and civil buildings ...
In many sources the building called the hotel or hostel for those who build facilities. But if you carefully examine the inside of the structure, there are big doubts about this assumption. Most likely, this snag-building for the enemy satellites. Note the very closely spaced windows. On the reverse side for each of them - the balcony slab, but there is no access to the balcony.
To test the hypothesis, climb the stairs crumbled to the "main entrance"
The building "hostel inside". Overlapping all had showered, in contrast to the load-bearing columns and walls. It's amazing is not it? As surprisingly complete lack of stairs and even the stairwells.
However, there are some household items.
Concrete remains of literally playing in the wind and bend under his feet, so we're going from here and begin the ascent to one of the two objects are included 221
Total in two HSC disguised as civilian entrance of the building - the east and west. We decide to go through the east and passing through the underground tunnels, exit through the west.
Inputs disguised as conventional buildings. In fact, painted windows look too theatrically, and funny. But apparently someone thought that it could bring down the enemy confused.
If you look at the side of hornblende, it is clear that it is generally just a concrete slab.
entrance to the womb of a stillborn monster
On the walls warning icons. I go without a helmet, a gas mask, UGC and boots. Me only my faithful Timberland.
guardhouse at the entrance.
This is the beginning of the tunnel, leaving deep into the rock. In terms of the underground headquarters center like a huge letter "A". He communicated with the world of two divergent Poterna that overlap at the inputs of massive anti-nuclear doors with lock chambers.
By the early '90s Object 221 was almost completed. Were installed, most communications, laid pipes and cables. the project did not include elevators. 180-meter height of the staff command post had to climb on foot. Before each of the two portals were constructed multi-ton reinforced concrete structure, inside which electrical cables been laid, air ducts, water and sewer pipes.
Now all the metal on the object is cut.
East tunnel. Special mining battalion was formed in order to perform incredible fortification task. To help his fighters were assigned to the trust units "Donetskshahtprohodka", who had extensive experience in the construction of concreted mines to ballistic missiles. Only for the first year were pierced two 182-meter barrel, the bottom of which went breadth mountain tunnels main shelter.
The width and height of tunnels is enough to make a military truck was here.
object diagram 221.
After 500 meters of tunnels start to branch out, connecting blocks and various rooms.
At the far end of the tunnel the first level of visibility to near zero. The air was literally hanging mist, and it is practically impossible to remove. We are located deep inside the rock. The street was almost 40 degrees in the August day, and in the tunnels - about 7. Because of this difference in temperature is formed something like a fog. You will need to try to go here in the winter. Maybe then it will be able to take pictures deep inside the object.
So that you understand, there is total darkness. I took this picture on purpose to make it clear what the hanging mist. It can be clearly seen here in a beam of light from the lamp
Leaving the western entrance, climb the long road to the top height of 495 - on the roof of the facility.
The height of the rock "roof" of the premises about 180 meters. "Roof" permeate the two shafts with a diameter of 4 and 5 meters. Some visitors mistake them for the missile. In fact, through these mines underground command post was reported to the antenna field. Top output cables, ducts and spiral staircases.
One of the ventilation wells.
A view from the "roof" Object 221. At the bottom right there is the same crushed stone plant, now also abandoned.
In 1991, Ukraine declared its non-nuclear status and the protected command post turned out to be no longer needed. But the money for the construction of "Object 221" were already included in the budget in 1991, but because the construction continued. In 1992, funding was discontinued, and the object is mothballed. From 1992 to 1998, we tried to find a peaceful use of the bunker. In "Alsou" would place the company bottling mineral water and alcoholic beverages. There were, in particular, sound judgment about the prospects of re-profiling "Object 221" in the winery.
Among the locals are legends that in the mid-90s underground facility used for training soldiers of organized crime E. Podaneva.
To date, the object is cut and removed all the metal, and he is slowly dying in the once solid rock massif ..