Public transport in Paris
In terms of passenger traffic and the scale of Paris it is very similar to Moscow. Millions of people every day migrate from the suburbs to the city center to work. Many people prefer this to a private car, so the constant traffic jams on the roads. The main difference from Moscow - is a convenient public transport, which eliminates the personal car, and quickly get from one point to another city, avoiding traffic jams.
The Paris Metro is not like Moscow. His first line was opened on July 19, 1900, now there are 16 stations are located very close to each other, sometimes in the tunnel standing on one station, you can see the light from the other. Subway station are arranged so that the maximum distance between any point of the city, and the nearest subway station is not more than 500 m. Of the frequent location station velocity considerably less Moscow. One subway line is fully automated. The vast majority of stations - with side platforms. Station with an island platform found mainly on cross-platform interchange nodes
The interior of the car.
At some stations the platform to protect the glass doors, like in St. Pete.
For the best connection of the city with its suburbs, the metro network parallel RER RER was established lines of suburban electric trains passing in the Paris underground and intersect with Metro lines.
The trains are very comfortable and fast. All trains go right through the city, making a couple of stations inside. RER is more similar to our subway than the actual Parisian metro stations to length and speed. Leaving from Paris, he covers a radius of 50 km.
Historic Places in RER trains are divided into first and second class, but is now charging this place is no different.
Suburban Station. Around each station Park and ride, so you can comfortably leave your car and take the train into the city.
In the underground there is a line with automatic control of trains "trains without drivers."
With the tram in Paris was a very interesting story. In the early XX century, Paris has an impressive tram network: operated approximately one hundred and twenty routes, and the total length of the network to reach thousands of kilometers. But in the 1920 destruction of the tram it started. It was believed that the tram interfere with traffic, and the elimination of the tram was seen as a way to deal with traffic jams. About the same is happening in Moscow. As a result, in 1937 the tram disappeared from Paris.
Then, of course, realized that only more without the tram traffic jams. Now there is an active revival of the tram network in the coming years plans to create dozens of new lines around Paris. Under the same slogan as the fight against traffic jams.
A very cool bus stop. There are interactive displays, vayfay ...
And even USB-socket to recharge the phone. Wait for a bus at a bus stop - a pleasure.
Finally, it's time to tell more about the Vélib bicycle hire network. She, too, is part of a system of public transport of the French capital. Created bike rental was at the initiative of Mayor Bertrand Delanoe on the example of Lyon, where he first appeared intracity public bicycle network in France.
For today in the city of Paris there are 1450 rental stations with a total amount of 20,000 bikes. Each bicycle rental Vélib 'is a payment terminal and a few (10-25) of bicycle racks. For sale is a map of the city with marked her rental and parisavelo.net site shows a map of stations with real-time information about the availability of bikes and empty seats.
The bicycles were manufactured by the French company Mercier in Hungary, they trohskorostnye, weight 22, 5 kg. Mounted lights, running from the hub dynamo, the castle and a basket on the front wheel for transporting small loads.
Creating velosistemy Paris at a cost of ~ $ 115 million, do not be afraid figures for the urban public transport system is not so much - for comparison, the cost of building one kilometer of the metro when Luzhkov was 166 million dollars, and 1 kilometer of the highway Moscow - 53 million (data from the media).
Paris, however, the money is not paid, instead arranging a partnership with JCDecaux, - a company engaged in outdoor advertising. Under the agreement, JCDecaux builds all stations, develops, buys all the bikes, and provides services to the system. All proceeds from the operation of the system receives the city, in addition, receive a supplement of 4, $ 3 million per year. And instead of JCDecaux was in control in 1628 billboards throughout the city and the right to all the income from them. All this for a period of 10 years. Having all kinds of difficulty - for example, in Lyons stole a year 10% of bicycles, most of whom later found. In Paris, the level of vandalism and theft was much higher, resulting in a slight revision of the agreements (the city has become JCDecaux to pay 500 € for each missing bicycle). In addition, the system has proved so popular that the bikes have moved between locations quickly and unevenly, and began to arise a situation where in some points there are no free seats (you can not leave the bike), and in others, on the contrary, there is a bike.
But in general, the system works fine. In Lyon, a similar system has reduced car traffic by 4%, of such data in Paris I have not heard. System serves 285 people and 23 cars that move bicycles between stations.
Take a bike can be by credit card. Since the card is removed security deposit of 150 €, which is returned after the registration period, if this is returned to the bicycle rack and rolled defective. Registration on a year's worth of 29 €, for a week - 5 €, for one day - of 1 €. The first half hour is free bicycle use, the next half hour - 1 €, the third half hour - € 3, fourth and subsequent half hours - 4 euros. For example, 3:00 rentals will cost 16 euros, so it is recommended to return the bicycle to the parking lot as fast as possible.
Registration on a Vélib 'can also be added to the travel ticket Paris Navigo pass. If a cyclist arrives at the rental without empty seats, he will have 15 minutes of free time. On the payment terminal also displays information on the location of the closest points to the number of free rental bicycles and free racks.
In the city in recent years have created a good veloinfrastrukturu.
All ride on city bikes.
Some of the tracks are combined with dedicated lines for buses.
So you can not again do not remember the car rental. As I wrote, over Paris appeared park with small electric cars. A system similar to BICYCLE - you can take the car to a parking lot and hand over to another. In addition, the parking Avtoliba can charge your electric car. Subscription costs 180 euros per year. Rental price - 144 euros per year + 5 euros for every 30 minutes using an electric