27 fantastic ideas, which became a reality in 2012
While science fiction writers come up with ideas, and British scientists are seeking ways to implement them, the true practice of simply performed. 2012 was quite rich for the implementation of the once purely speculative ideas about the future. As one wise man said: "The current future is not what it used to." This list we propose today:
1. Paralyzed woman power of the mind is able to manage its roboprotezom
At the University of the US city of Pittsburgh employees neuroscience department during the 13 months we have created a robotic arm for the 52-year-old paralyzed Jen Shoyermann (Jan Scheuermann). The woman was implanted in the cerebral cortex, two 96-channel microelectrode. Already on the second day, Jen could cope with the management of "hand," and after 13 months held her like a real biological limb.
2. Spray for skin build-up
Avita Medical Company has developed ReCell technology to help burn victims. The patient takes a small piece of skin is crushed and mixed with the enzymes taken from pigs, after which the spray is produced which is applied to a burn site. Spray particles expand, covering the wound. Since the foundation is taken from the patient, the risk of rejection of the new skin is minimal.
3. Military robot was able to recognize and overcome the obstacles
Take the next steps to create a learning cybernetic organism.
4. Genetically modified silk proved to be stronger than steel
The University of Wyoming scientists altered brood moth larvae and to obtain the silk, which is stronger than steel weight equivalent. The new material will be used in medicine and military tasks.
5. DNA could take a picture of
Enzo Di Fabrizio Genoa Institute of Technology (Italy) using the electron microscope photograph manages DNA helix.
6. stealth technology was further developed by
The Canadian company HyperStealth Biotechnology showed a working prototype of the new material "Quantum Invisible" (Quantum Stealth), which is able to cause the light rays bend around people and objects without batteries, mirrors and video cameras.
7. James Cameron has reached the deepest point of the ocean
The famous director has become the first person to single-handedly reached the bottom of the Mariana Trench.
8. The stem cells will be able to extend a person's life for 100 years
When the Institute for Regenerative Medicine elderly mice, whose life cycle is 21 days, a few days before the expected death was injected with stem cells from young mice, the results stunned scientists. Instead, the nature of the allotted period of experimental mouse has lived for 71 days. Comparing with the person, it is as 80-year-old man to give an opportunity to live up to 200 years.
9. 3D-printer printed the house per session
Created Enrico Dini D-Shape printer is able to print a two-story structure with all rooms, staircases, pipes and baffles, using only sand and an inorganic compound. Strength of the material obtained is comparable with reinforced concrete, and looks like a marble. On execution speed printing house takes time only 25% of the normal period of construction of this kind of buildings.
10. The machine without drivers allowed to drive through the streets of three US states
Google has begun testing their cars without a driver in the beginning of 2012. In May, regulators of Nevada allowed uncontrolled driving these cars on the streets. Then endeavor to join Florida and California. Over 300 thousand machine hours with them there were only 2 of the accident and only when driving them sat a man.
11. "Voyager 1" left the solar system
Interplanetary station "Voyager 1" was launched in 1977 and became the first man-made object, flown away over the edge of the solar system
12. Inserted first printed the 3D-printer artificial jaw
Artificial jaw of a titanium powder with a bioceramic coating was formed to 83-year-old patient. This achievement opens the way for the establishment to replace the bone to the individual needs. Maybe soon in the same way it will be possible to print, and other organs.
13 was found wandering planet
Until 2012, scientists were only known planets orbiting stars. All it changed opening CFBDSIR2149 heavenly body. With a mass of 4 Jupiter, this space education was officially recognized by the planet and not a brown dwarf, as previously thought.
14. Of the embryos grown impossible in nature hybrids
Experiments on compound six individual embryos in the three monkeys Young obezyanok been successful. These studies will help to better understand the role of individual genes in the formation of living organisms and gene mutations in humans.
15. The artificial leaves will produce electricity
Using relatively inexpensive starting materials, Daniel Nocera (Daniel G. Nocera) succeeded for the first time in the world to create artificial leaves. Cells Nocera mimic the process of photosynthesis true leaves, but produce hydrogen instead of oxygen. This hydrogen can then accumulate in fuel cells intended for generating electricity in all conditions.
16. Points augmented reality Google will make the Internet encompassing
Points displays augmented reality radically change a person's life.
17. It was finally experimentally detected Higgs boson
Summer representatives International Research Center CERN confirmed detection of particles that coincide with for behavior description Higgs. It is a practical confirmation of the existence of the Higgs field, the properties of electromagnetic reminding, but the interaction with the masses, rather than a magnetic field.
18. The emergence of low-cost flexible solar panels
Development of startup Twin Creeks called "Hyperion" has a price two times lower than existing solar panels, and is able to compete with conventional energy. The cost per watt in this case is about 40 US cents.
19. Open diamond planet
An international team of researchers have discovered a diamond exoplanet. When the amount is five times larger than the Earth, the mass of the planet is close to the mass of Jupiter. Specificity celestial body location in the binary star system assumes that it consists essentially of crystalline carbon.
20. The ocular implant restored sight to the blind
In the UK, two blind men during an eight-hour operation implanted artificial eye. The results were promising. After many years of blindness, both the patient for a few weeks were able to discern the outlines of objects and began to see colorful dreams. Doctors hope that the brains of patients eventually get used to interact with an artificial eye.
21. In Wales, all kinds of plants in the programmed barcodes
National Botanic Garden of Wales has made a database of 1143 local species of plants, of which 5,700 have programmed barcodes. So now that any kind can be recognized by seeds pictures, roots, stems and pollen.
22. The first private spacecraft docked with the ISS
The private company SpaceX successfully launched into orbit its Dragon cargo ship, which docked with the international space station.
23. Highly flexible glass will create non-planar devices with screens
Corning Company, based in New York, demonstrated at the exhibition in Boston prototype of its flexible glass with a thickness of 0, 05 mm.
24. The robotic exoskeletons began to apply in practice the
In NASA have adopted exoskeleton X1 Robotic Exoskeleton. Weighing 26 kg of the device has engine 4 on the joints, in addition to 6 passive joints.
25. The human brain is "hacked"
At Usenix Security Division of the Association of advanced computer systems, there is a group of researchers who are using the available technology have decided to show the vulnerability of the human brain. With an electroencephalograph and special software they can be considered a reaction of excited neurons and how it affects the activity of the brain in the case of recognition of human PIN credit card or a human face.
26. The discovery of the planet four suns
Amateur astronomers have discovered a planet the size of Neptune, revolve in a close orbit around a binary star, which in turn revolves around a couple of other stars. Scientists are trying to figure out how the gravitational field of such a complex system is not knocked out of her planet.
27. Microsoft has patented the Holodeck
According to the filed patent documents, Microsoft wants to make a gaming experience beyond a single screen and make the screen all the gaming space, including furniture. The system allows you to adjust the curves of objects in the room to simulate a smooth and complex surfaces.