10 terrible historical facts about this Dracula
Dracula created by Bram Stoker's imagination, is one of the most famous vampires in literature. It became a "classic" prototype of the modern vampire - an elegant, mysterious, hungry for human blood. But in spite of his notoriety, he and a candle will not do his namesake - the prince of Wallachia (now Romania) Vlad III Tepes, known as Dracula. And that's why:
1. Dracula avenged his father by killing hundreds of people
And he did not just kill them, and forced to die a painful death, vsporov blunt swords bellies. Much of his youth, Vlad held in a Turkish prison, and when released, he learned that his father gave him as his own people by Hungarian troops. He also learned that the betrayal involved many of the nobles swear fealty to his father. However, since the young prince did not know the names of the traitors, then he invited everyone to the feast in his house. In total, about 500 people came. After the end of the banquet in the hall rushed soldiers and killed all the guests. Later Dracula repeatedly used this tactic.
2. Dracula eat bread with the blood
Perhaps the real Dracula and drank the blood from the neck of their victims, but all the same he used the blood for food: bread dipped in buckets of blood of the people he killed. The manuscript of the 15th century authorship Michel Martin Behaim, tells the story of Prince Vlad, talks about how the prince was invited to his house a few guests, throw a feast, and then put the poor fellows on the right number at the dinner table. Then the prince slowly finished his lunch, dipping bread into the buckets, the substituted prudently under the stakes with the victims.
3. "Dracul" means "Son of the Dragon"
Vlad III really preferred to be called Dracula. His father, Vlad II, was a member of a secret society, "The Order of the Dragon." Senior Prince is so proud of it that his own name has changed to "Dracul" - sounds like that in Romanian the word "dragon". Vlad III also later joined the Order, and became known as "Dracula" or "Son of the Dragon", although over time the people appropriated the name of another meaning - "Son of the Devil". In any case, such a nickname in the 15th century sounded pretty scary, especially take into account the reputation of the young prince.
4. Dracula had a sense of humor
over some of his victims, Dracula was joking, though very painful. For example, one of the entries in the book "In Search of Dracula" says that people around impalement, twitched like a frog. And the prince looked at them and seemed to be remarked casually: "Oh, what a wonderful grace they have!".
On another occasion, a visitor came to his own house, and found it filled with rotting corpses. When the prince asked: "What do you want, do not like the smell?", The man had the misfortune to answer "Yes." Then Vlad impaled him with his sword and hung from the ceiling, where the smell was not felt so much.
5. impalement was the only penalty
It may seem that Dracula was just a madman who only did what he ran and killed people, but it is not. It so happened that this man was born a prince of Wallachia, so that many of his atrocities took the form of law. A impalement was accepted as a punishment for a crime, regardless of whether the offender has committed murder or stole a loaf of bread. Of course, exceptions were. One of the Roma camp, who traveled through the lands of Dracula stole something. When he was caught, the prince ordered to cook an accident, and other Roma made him eat.
6. Dracula got rid of all the sick and the poor, burning them alive
In an attempt to bring order to the streets of the capital city of Wallachia Targoviste Dracula once called all the poor, the sick and the tramps in one of their houses under the pretext of a holiday. After they had eaten, Dracula politely excused himself, and went out and ordered to board up all the windows and doors in the house. Then the house burned. According to chronicles of the time, no one survived. They were more flowers: sometimes the prince burned entire villages in their possessions without any apparent reason.
7. Dracula "gave" a subject of gold cups
As a result of hundreds of killings was that Dracula is in full control of his people and he knew it. To test how citizens are afraid of him, Vlad III put on a major metropolitan area of the cups of pure gold. It was announced that anyone can drink from them, but under no circumstances cups should not leave the area. At that time the city's population of about 60 000 people, but during the entire period of the reign of Prince nobody these bowls are not even touched, even though they were in sight of thousands of people living in poverty.
9. Dracula killed a total of 100 000 people
Historians have established that during the life of Dracula from his hands were lost from 40 000 to 100 000 people. When the Turks finally reached Targoviste, they found there the notorious "Forest Stakes" - more than 20 000 bodies of Turkish soldiers, pinned on the boards.
In the 15th century, Wallachia was under constant threat of Turkish invasion. Dracula, who did not like to be pushed into a corner, he sent troops to expel the Turks from their land. In the end, the Turks began to win and forced the army to retreat prince, but Dracula was not so easy. During the retreat he burned their own villages to the Turks was no place to rest and restock provisions. Moreover, he had poisoned the wells and killed thousands of people, to all that did not get the invaders.
10. Dracula's body disappeared
During the war with the Turks, the prince died on the field of combat operations. His reputation was finally served him a disservice to many of the Romanian soldiers defected to the enemy, seeing that there is a percentage impalement much lower. So, perhaps, own subjects cut off the prince's head, which was sent to the Turkish sultan. Sultan also stabbed her spear and hung on the wall of his palace. It is believed that Dracula's body was buried in a cemetery on the outskirts of Snagov Monastery in Bucharest. But there are conflicting rumors: some argue that the prince's body was never found, the other - that the remains were buried, but then disappeared. The second version seems to be true, as Vlad III of, was probably buried treasure, and to grave robbers could get.