The most beautiful mushrooms in the world
Mushrooms - are members of a huge group of organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds. Mushrooms - a whole realm separate from plants, animals and bacteria. Fungi play an important role in the decomposition of organic matter, as well as in the food chain. The world is different from 1, 5 to 5 million species of fungi. Below you will find the most beautiful and interesting of them.
Lactarius indigo (Lactarius indigo). Fairly common type of fungus grows in eastern North America, East Asia and Central America. It grows on the ground in both deciduous and coniferous forests. The color varies from dark blue in fresh mushrooms to a pale blue-gray in older ones. Milk, which identifies the fungus if it is cut or broken, too blue. Cap is 5-15 cm, leg - 2-8 cm in height and 1-2, 5 cm in thickness. Edible mushroom, and is sold in rural markets in Mexico, Guatemala and China.
panellus kind Panellus stipticus. Common type, grows in Asia, Australia, Europe and North America. Growing groups on logs, stumps and the trunks of deciduous trees, especially on oaks, beeches and birches. This is one of the bioluminescent species of fungi, although fungi of this species from the Pacific region, North America, no.
Tremella Mesenterica (Tremella mesenterica). This fungus often grows on dead trees, but also on the newly fallen branches. Orange-yellow gelatinous fungus body (7, 5 cm in diameter) has a winding surface which during rain becomes sticky and slippery. The fungus grows in the cracks of the bark, appearing in the rain. A few days after rain it dries and turns into a thin film or wrinkled mass capable newly regenerated after rain. This fungus is commonly found in mixed forests and distributed in temperate and tropical regions, including Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, North and South America. The mushroom is edible, although it is considered tasteless. This fungus produces carbohydrates that have value for research.
rhodotus (Rhodotus palmatus). This fungus - the only representative of the genus in the family Physalacriaceae. It is not very common. The fungus collected in eastern North America, North Africa, Europe and Asia. In Europe, the number of fungi is rapidly falling, so rhodotus made in the Red Book. Usually it grows on decaying stumps and logs solid trees. Mature mushrooms differ pinkish color and the characteristic "venoobraznoy" surface.
clavaria zollingeri (Clavaria zollingeri). Widespread species of fungi. It has a tube-shaped pinkish-purple or lavender body, growing to 10 cm high and 7 cm wide. The tips of the fragile and thin branches usually rounded and brownish. It saprobity kind of mushroom, it absorbs nutrients, breaking down organic matter. Usually grows on the ground.
geastrum bag-shaped (Geastrum saccatum). It grows in North America and Europe on rotting trees. Mushroom pickers find it inedible due to its roller coaster of taste. Quite common type, collecting the peak occurs at the end of summer. It is believed that the opening on the outer layer of the fungus body is star-shaped due to the gathering of calcium oxalate crystals in front of the opening. In Brazil, the fungus is called "earth star".
Polyporus squamosus (Polyporus squamosus). Widespread species of fungus growing in North America, Australia, Asia and Europe. It causes white rot on the hardwood. Alternative name of the fungus - Dryads Saddle - refers to Greek mythology and Dryads, who allegedly could ride on these fungi.
Aseroe rubra. The so-called sea anemone and widely recognizable due to its unpleasant smell of rot and starfish-shaped. It grows in gardens on the forest floor in grassy areas, reminiscent of the red star, covered with brownish slime, and has a white stem. It attracts flies.
Coral mushroom (Clavulinopsis corallinorosacea). The fungus is called so because of the similarity with sea corals. These mushrooms have a bright color, generally orange, yellow or red. They usually grow in old forests. Some coral mushrooms saprotrophic and other symbiotic or parasitic.
brown raincoat (Lycoperdon umbrinum). This type of fungus is growing in China, Europe and North America. These mushrooms have an open cap with spores. Instead, there are disputes inside, in a spherical body. Maturing spores form Gleb center of the body, which has a distinctive color and texture.
Amanita Caesarea (Amanita caesarea). Very valuable edible mushroom that grows in southern Europe and North America. For the first time this fungus described Giovanni Antonio Scopoli in 1772. He was very fond of the rulers of the Roman Empire. He has a distinctive orange cap, yellow spore-bearing plate and the leg. This fungus is very much appreciated by the Romans, who called it Boletus.
Mycena interrupta. This fungus grows in Australia, New Zealand, Chile and New Caledonia. In Australia, rising in Victoria, Tasmania, New South Wales and South Australia, and Queensland, but only at The National Lamington park. Mushroom cap is 0, 6-2 cm, and they have a bright blue color. When they appear, they have a spherical shape and become wider as they mature. Hats sticky and slimy in appearance, especially in the rain.
Xanthoria elegans (Xanthoria elegans). This fungus grows on rocks, often near the bird perches or mink rodents. By the nature of this lichen. It was among the first of lichens, which was used in the method dating surfaces of rock, known as lihenometriya. Growing at 0, 5 mm per year during the first century, and then it slows down a little growth.
conical Morel (Morchella conica). Edible fungus, in the upper part resembles a honeycomb. It consists of a whole network of wavy bands with cavities between them. Very appreciated by gourmets, particularly in French cuisine. The fungus is very popular among mushroom pickers, not only from a commercial point of view, but also because of the pleasant taste.
Amanita muscaria (Amanita muscaria). Well-known mushroom - a poisonous and psychoactive basidiomycete. It grows in the northern hemisphere, but also was introduced in the southern hemisphere countries, first as a symbiont in coniferous forests, and then as a full species. Red hat with white dots - who do not know the mushroom? This is one of the most recognizable in the world of mushrooms. Although considered poisonous fly agaric, Amanita muscaria confirmed cases of poisoning is not, and in some parts of Europe, Asia and North America, and it does eat after blanching. Amanita has hallucinogenic properties, its principal psychoactive component - is muscimol. Some peoples of Siberia used it as an entheogen, and it has great religious significance in these cultures.