Walk through Salzburg
• Walk on Salzburg
Today I want to invite you to take a virtual stroll through Salzburg. This elegant Austrian city with his face, built on profits from the sale of salt, which is mined in this area for thousands of years. The city gave the world the great Mozart. City bid to host the 2014 Winter Olympic Games and the loser Sochi.
Salzburg is located at the foot of the Alps at an altitude of 425 meters above sea level, a few kilometraz from the German border. Actually, more than a millennium the city was in its composition. He became only the Austrian in 1816.
On the territory of Salzburg for a long time lived the Celts, who in the first century BC. e. conquered by the Romans.
The name of the city received from the German salz - "salt". Salzburg can be translated as "salt castle". About 4000 years ago the Celts opened in these places of salt deposits, and that it owes its prosperity to Salzburg.
With the money from the trade in salt build churches, fountains and squares, parks and castles, as well as the Hohensalzburg Fortress, which is a symbol of Salzburg.
Salzach River, on which the city was the main transport route for the export of "white gold" of the region.
In Salzburg is Austria's oldest monastery - St. Peter's (pictured) - in his catacombs as early as the 3rd century Christians prayed. In the church of the monastery is the body which played Mozart.
Theme of Mozart is revealed here, as they say, the full program. Wherever you look - everywhere Mozart. Especially a lot of sale of souvenirs with his image. The great composer was born and lived in Salzburg and 17 years, then moved to Vienna. The house at Getreidegasse 9, where he was born, is a museum, which occupies three floors of a historic building.
In general, Salzburg called the city of classical music, the stage of the world, "Austrian Italy".
Of particular interest to tourists is the Cathedral Cathedral of the Salzburg - Cathedral of Saints Rupert and Virgil (pictured). In the eighth century, for the first time at this place it was built the cathedral, which had huge for the size of the time. For a long time it was rebuilt in the 12th century and reached a length of 112 meters.
The modern cathedral has a height of 99 meters and can accommodate up to ten thousand people.
Inside the cathedral are the tombs of the Archbishops of Salzburg, a huge body with four thousand pipes, a crucifix of the thirteenth century, frescoes and numerous sculptures.
The cathedral survived cast font (made in 1321), in which Mozart was baptized (of course, and here Mozart).
During the war, the Salzburg Cathedral was damaged in the bombardment by US aircraft, the dome collapsed building. Restoration work was completed only in 1959. Everywhere remake, tourists cheat at every turn! But generally well done, that the restored course.
In the neighborhood is located Franciscan Church - one of the oldest buildings in the city. Yeshe since the 8th century on the site existed a church, which was rebuilt in the Romanesque era. In the 17th century the church steeple was removed because the archbishop thought that the church tower should not be higher than the Cathedral. In the 19th century, all restored, but in the neo-Gothic style.
Without exaggeration, the main attraction of the city is Hoenhaltsburg fortress. Located high above the city on the hill Festung, it crowns the city as a real crown.
The fortress was built in 1077 and is the largest fully preserved fortress complex in central Europe. The area of the fortress is 30 000 sq. m. Throughout its long history, none of the besiegers did not manage to conquer it. Although, during the Napoleonic Wars, the fortress surrendered without a fight.
top can be reached by cable car lower station is located in the old town.
In the 19th century Hohensalzburg was used as a barracks, a warehouse and a prison, before again becoming a military outpost. At the beginning of the XX century Hohensalzburg again it became a prison, which held Italian prisoners of war and the Nazis.
In the fortress there is an old mechanical organ, called "Salzburg Bull", for which he wrote music Mozart Mozart's father. By the way, he was one of Europe's leading music educators.
From the walls of the fortress offers a magnificent view over the old town. On the one hand the historical center:
On the other - the suburbs of Salzburg.