Animals in space
Iranian state television says that people ran into a monkey space. It seems strange? All this was quite commonplace during the Cold War. This article contains animals that have sacrificed their lives for the space race and left the surface of the Earth, Russian dog Laika starting and ending American Ham the chimpanzee.
The Iranian monkey
This is what happened in the world while you were watching "House" series. Iranian state television said that successfully sent a monkey into space - but no further details were reported. All this is part of Iran's space program. (Previously, the country successfully launched into orbit mouse, turtle and worms). Iran makes no secret of his desire to be an astronaut in space, but the US and its allies are concerned that the space program technology can also be used to develop long-range missiles. Meanwhile, some scientists are skeptical about the fact that Iran can accomplish this feat, while others dismiss this as what has already been achieved by the major powers of the world 70 years ago.
In spite of the fact that many of the animals have returned home, however, this was not all. Laika, a Russian dog, has participated in the creation of space history in 1957, but also has been sacrificed for the final frontier. In the rush placed aboard the Soviet Sputnik 2, it was the first animal in orbit. But the Soviet space program did not plan to return the satellite, and Laika died a few hours later.
May 28, 1959, monkey Able (top) and squirrel monkey Baker were running at 480 kilometers above Earth aboard the rocket American Jupiter. From their rooms in the nose compartment, they returned safely to Earth, but Abel died as a result of induction of anesthesia a few days later, when doctors tried to remove the electrode. She followed the footsteps of Albert, the macaques, which in 1949 became the first animal in space, send on board V-2 135 kilometers, but died in a collision with the Earth.
Companion Able, Baker, photographed in the bag Biopack, where she lived during the flight. After returning to Earth, she lived to a ripe old age of 27 years and died in 1984.
The Brave One, Snowflake and Marfusha
In July 1959 Brave One (left) and Snowflake (not pictured), two dogs went into space along with a rabbit Marfa, whose "Little Martha" was also called (right). Valiant - became an experienced pilot, having made 5 flights.
This monkey, Miss Sam, another monkey assistant, Sam, was one of the leading test monkeys at NASA. She helped check the release mechanism for the astronauts if they encountered problems during startup. January 21, 1960, she was sent to the Mercury capsule. Miss Sam reached the speed of 2900 kilometers per hour, and up to an altitude of 15 kilometers for the moment as it was returned to the Atlantic Ocean. In the photo she is in his spacesuit.
Belka and Strelka
A pair of Soviet dogs that have left a mark in history, August 19, 1960, when, after a year of training, they were the first animals that have returned safely from orbit. In fact, they were not alone, they were accompanied by a rabbit, 40 mice, a couple of rats and flies and a few plants. In this photo, they are present at the press conference, three days after his historic flight
Eleven days after John F. Kennedy became the first Catholic in the White House, NASA did Ham's first chimpanzee in space. Unlike Kennedy, Ham was not Native American, he is originally from West Africa. Despite the fact that the flight was made on the 68 km upstream and 2,400 kilometers per hour faster than expected, Ham moved it well, experiencing only a slight dehydration and fatigue. In this photo he is resting on board a rescue vessel after having been pulled out of the Atlantic Ocean.
In October 1963, France sent into space first cat aboard his rocket Veronique. Although he never became as famous as his namesake cartoon, Felix was depicted on the stamp in 1992, issued by the Government of the Comoros.
Nameless squirrel monkeys
With the advent of the space shuttle, NASA decided to test the long-term effects of space monkeys. In 1985, the agency sent two squirrel monkeys - they did not have names - and two dozen white rats on board the Challenger. Here, two of them look through the glass, floating in the air. Both returned to the ground safely.
An astronaut holding a frog on board the space shuttle Endeavour in 1992, NASA sent the frogs into space to investigate how weightlessness affects amphibian eggs, fertilized and hatched in space.
No, it's not a stranger: it Toadfish earthly creature sent into space aboard Columbia in 1997 to study the effects of low gravity on the nervous system. Scientists chose Toadfish because her ear structure similar to the human.
Mouse mission to Mars?
What's next space waiting animal research? They could help answer questions about long-human intelligence deeper into the solar system. A team of scientists hopes to send mice into orbit on board the satellite, designed to simulate the gravity of Mars - the satellite is between the weightlessness of space and Earth's gravity - to see how they will react.