Supercars, which are not lucky
These cars were produced in a single copy - for various reasons, they never went into mass production. Some of the manufacturers feared a lack of demand due to a too high price, someone switched to another project, and someone from the outset only wanted to demonstrate its capabilities. And yet, at the time these cars were the standard speed, style, luxury and, of course, innovative technical solutions.
Jaguar C-X75. 2010
As an example, in the case of the Jaguar C-X75, which has remained in the status of "prototype", though initially the company planned to release 250 trucks. However, due to the unstable economic situation in the world as "Jaguar" doubted that they would be able to realize the two hundred and fifty supercars worth 1.15 million dollars each. But the memory of the C-X75 will be long - developed for the concept car, "Jaguar" technology planning is widely used in other models, which including the need to obtain similar to the C-X75 stylistic features.
The machine had a carbon chassis developed in conjunction with the Formula 1 Williams command ultralight wheels (40 percent lighter than conventional), the radiator 17 and the aerodynamic element in the style cars F-1 and blown diffuser.
The first prototype was equipped with four electric motors (one per wheel), the total capacity of which was 780 horsepower. They are powered by a lithium-ion battery, which is recharged by the gas micro-turbines with total capacity of 188 horsepower. Subsequently, the manufacturer reported that the C-X75 will be equipped with 1, 6-liter engine with direct fuel injection, turbo and supercharged power of about 500 horsepower, which was to be paired with two electric installations. According to the manufacturer, C-X75 can dial "hundred", for 3, 4 seconds, and the acceleration of from 80 to 145 kilometers per hour took 2, 3 seconds. Maximum speed - 330 kilometers per hour.
Zagato Raptor (Lamborghini Raptor). 1996
This car was designed by Zagato design bureau for the Lamborghini company. To create a supercar that received the platform and 650-hp V12 from Diablo VT model, it took less than four months, that even in these times is extremely short-lived. The fact that the manufacturer has used a revolutionary at that time, the system of computer-aided design (Computer Aided Design), thanks to which it was not necessary to tinker with the creation of the pile scale layouts.
Double-wheel drive Raptor carbon fiber had a cockpit body whose upper part can be easily removed by turning in the roof compartment. In addition, it was possible to throw a special casing on the passenger seat, which has already made of the single-seater supercar. The car, which turned out to 300 kilograms lighter "Diablo", could be dispersed over 330 kilometers per hour ( "maximum speed" Diablo - 325 kilometers per hour) through the use of composite materials in the construction. But the ABS and traction control were absent.
The manufacturer planned to release 50 "Raptor", but later in the Lamborghini decided to just update of Diablo, before to bring to market a new generation of supercar - Murcielago. Raptor has remained in a single copy, which was sold in 2000 at auction for a record low for this unique car worth. A private collector from the United States paid for the prototype of a total of about 220 thousand dollars - the price comparable to the cost of conventional "Diablo" in those days.
Ford GT90. 1995
Concept shown at the 1995 Detroit Auto Show, positioned by the manufacturer as "the most powerful supercar in the world." Indeed, a 12-cylinder car unit with four turbines gave 720 horsepower, as claimed GT90 speed was about 407 kilometers per hour. By the way, almost the same speed indicator had a "supercar of supercars" Bugatti Veyron, which appeared 10 years after the concept of "Ford".
Structure of the car body is an aluminum monocoque, to which were attached carboxylic panel. To GT90 not melted during engine operation at maximum speed, special heat-resistant ceramic construction elements are applied in the exhaust systems - the same technology used in the American spacecraft Space Shuttle.
The prototype was the first representative of the new Ford design philosophy called "New Edge". Subsequently, in this style of some of the most popular models of global American company have been met, such as the Focus and Ka. And here the GT90 in the series did not go - say, for Americans it was too complicated and "others". Therefore, Ford later put on the conveyor more intuitive Yankees GT supercar in the retro style, reminiscent of the legendary Les Neumann's car GT40.
Maybach Exelero. 2005
Perhaps, Maybach Exelero is one of the most luxurious and expensive supercars in the world. Built in 2005 on the basis of a limousine Maybach 57 coupe has been done in cooperation with the German tire manufacturer Fulda for the demonstration of a new generation of high-speed tire companies, which have been designed for a speed exceeding 370 kilometers per hour.
Tire Manufacturers trust completely develop exterior shoukara "Maybach", which the company has performed in the style of sports retromobiles 1930s. However Fulda required that among the materials used in Exelero cabin necessarily attended polished carbon fiber, leather, aluminum and neoprene (a type of synthetic rubber).
Nearly six-meter car weighing 2660 kg equipped with six-liter 700-horsepower V12, which is paired with an eight-gun. Bulky and heavy for sports car Exelero gaining "hundreds" of 4, 4 seconds and a top speed of 351 kilometer per hour.
In 2011, the car was purchased for $ 8 million American rapper Bryan Williams, acting under the name Birdman. A year later, Daimler announced that it would dismantle the brand "Maybach", which for the last few years brought concern only losses.
Audi Rosemeyer. 2000
Four-wheel drive Audi supercar concept was built and named after the famous German rider 1930 Bernd Rosemeyer. The car has received the stylistic features of the pre-war cars Auto Union - a brilliant one-piece aluminum body decorated with a huge grille and numerous vents. However, the car was positioned not only as a tribute to famous athletes, but also as a harbinger of the R8 supercar has serial, which appeared in 2006 and has allowed Audi to unleash a confrontation with the Lamborghini, which the Germans dreamed of since the 1990s.
The ascetic Rosemeyer interior, upholstered with refractory material, were bucket seats, four-point harnesses, as well as handle the gearbox and wheel chetyrehspitsievy aluminum. Vosmilitrovy W-shaped 16-cylinder engine Audi Rosemeyer, located before the rear axle, gave 792 horsepower and worked with a six-speed gearbox. The maximum speed of 350 kilometers per hour.
Now the concept car - part of the exhibition Audi museum in Ingolstadt. He is an original monument Rosemeyer, who died at the peak of his career, when you try to set a world speed record in 1938.
Cadillac Cien. 2002
The release of this supercar Americans in 2002 celebrated its centenary. Cien that Spanish translates as "a hundred" summed up the fact that the "Caddy" has gained in the XX century, as well as a symbol of the company's view of the future.
The developers had a difficult task - to create an innovative superpenalties with maximum aerodynamic verified body, but at the same time maintain family traits brand. As a result, the overall direction of the machine design was borrowed from the American fighter F-22, the Raptor, and the long line of the radiator grille, which are located between the vertical headlamps reminiscent of classic cars of the company.
As befits a hero of the day, Cien was equipped with the latest technology at that time. He had a set of satellite communications OnStar, Communiport voice control system, parking assistant and a night vision system that could project the image of the road on the windshield.
Superpenalties equipped aluminum 7, 5 liter 12-cylinder engine of 750 horsepower, which is worked with six semi-automatic transmission. Gear changes carried out by means of paddle. Cadillac Cien typed "hundred" for 3, 5 seconds, and its top speed was 330 kilometers per hour. The mass production of any car or 12-cylinder engine and did not go. Subsequently, the Americans stopped the development of this engine, concentrating on the study of more advanced 6-and 8-cylinder units.
Peugeot Onyx. 2012
Original French built supercar with "stone" the name of the unusual for such a case file. Besides the already usual carbon, design Peugeot Onyx copper were used, felt and paper.
doors and fenders made of polished copper, windows and transparent roof is made of organic glass and the frame of CFRP. elongated felt was used for the interior, and in the dashboard supercar used a special material made of compressed newspapers, which looks like an ordinary tree. Moreover, according to the manufacturer, if you look closely, it can be seen typographical printing.
600-horsepower 3, 7-liter diesel engine works with a six-speed sequential gearbox. And "Onyx" recovers energy during braking is stored in two lithium-ion batteries, and provides supercar extra 80 horsepower at a sharp set of speed. The dynamic characteristics of the prototype are kept secret.
The French immediately said they would not release Onyx standard, but made it clear what stylistic direction they are going to follow in the future. In particular, the chief designer Gilles Vidal, Peugeot has mentioned that the "front end" concept gives an idea of what to look forward the next generation of the models 308 and 3008.
Volkswagen W12 Nardo. 2000
This concept of "national brand" has shown that he can produce not only mass models available, but "supercars-champions." The first prototype appeared in 1997, followed by a few more cars do not differ in appearance, but the most famous Volkswagen W12 and powerful version released in 2000. Germans from the beginning did not plan to put the car on the assembly line, but were going to check on it technical capabilities and reliability of the new 600-horsepower W12 engine.
Development W12 exterior entrusted to Giugiaro. Italian able to create almost ideal aerodynamic body which, together with the new powerplant allowed superpenalty overcome 100-kilometer line speed in less than 3, 5 seconds, and its maximum speed of 357 kilometers per hour.
The car belongs to just seven world records on the Italian track Nardo, including a record average speed for 24 hours. During the day, the car has overcome 7000 749 kilometers at an average speed of 322 kilometers per hour.