The era of The Beatles
44 years ago The Beatles made their famous photo on the cover of Abbey Road album.
For nearly half a century, the legendary "Fab Four" is the most popular and respected group. Musicians who have worked together for only 8 years old, managed to record 13 full length albums, and have had a tremendous impact on the development of music.
One of the most important albums is considered Abbey Road record. That she was the last joint project of all four members of the ensemble, having concluded all the best, that they managed to create during The Beatles. Fame got cover on which photographed the Beatles crossing the street Abbey Road. We photographer Iain Macmillan had ten minutes to take a picture: this section of the street was specifically blocked by the police, as even at that time Abbey Road was one of the busiest in London. Macmillan group shot down the stairs and made six shots, one of which was on the cover. Later, she was recognized as one of the most recognizable artwork in the world.
We have collected for you the most interesting facts about The Beatles and offer to see photos of the band, which changed the world.
Cover Abbey Road
The theory of the death of McCartney
Cover has given a lot of food for those who developed the theory of "Paul McCartney is dead." According to her, Paul died in 1966 and was replaced by a double. In this case, the remaining three members inserted in the lyrics and the cover hints at "the truth". So here Paul McCartney somehow barefoot (in some cultures bury taken barefoot), he holds a cigarette in his right hand rather than the left, although he was left-handed. Also, it is in the direction of Paul riding machine, which can be seen in the distance. According to the theory he was killed in a car crash. Musicians in 1957
John Lennon - 16 years, George Harrison and Paul McCartney - 15 years
It must be said that the relatives of the musicians initially skeptical of their creativity. For example, John's aunt, Mimi, always repeated the phrase: "The guitar - a good tool. However, it is unsuitable for making money. " Having become rich, John aunt bought a villa, which had a marble wall with the above indicated quote.
None of the band members have not learned the basics of musical notation.
Photoshoot with champagne, 1965
The appearance of The Beatles and the first contract
At the beginning of its existence, the band has repeatedly changed the name of the group: Beatals, Silver Beats, Silver Beetles, Silver Beatles, and, finally, The Beatles appeared in April 1960. According to the recollections of the band members, the authors considered a neologism Sutcliffe and Lennon, who were keen on the idea to choose a name that has different values at the same time.
The beginning of a serious career, The Beatles usually associated with the name of the group manager Brian Epstein. It was he who saw the potential in the group and arranged them all possible listening to the record labels. Using his connections in the world of show business, Epstein has made listening to the company Decca Records, which was scheduled for 1 January 1962. On the morning of the first day of the new year and quadruple Epstein arrived in London for the recording and listening. The result had to wait more than a month and it was negative. The company's management has not shown interest in the material. Epstein was refused with the words: "guitar groups go out of fashion." A year later, was recorded on another label, the group will be headed by a national hit parade. Paul McCartney gives an autograph happy fan
The worldwide success of
In October 1962 saw the release of their first single ( "Love Me Do"), and in March 1963 - the debut album ( "Please Please Me"), who led the national hit parade for six months, and marked the beginning of the insanely popular musicians. During a tour in America, The Beatles performed twice in the TV program "The Ed Sullivan Show" attracted a record number in the history of television viewers - 73 million (40% of the US population at the time). This record is also still not beaten by anyone.
The autograph of the famous "bittla" Paul McCartney compared to the 1997 "rose" nine times and is valued at $ 2370.
The Beatles during the filming of Help! in the Bahamas, 1965
Once John Lennon at the peak of fame said that The Beatles more popular than Jesus Christ. Perturbed by this statement KLUE radio from a small Texas town held a public burning of share plates and other symbols The Beatles, which was attended by many of her students. The next day, the station building was struck by lightning, after which the equipment was out of order, and the announcer fainted.
Rehearsal The Beatles during a vacation in Miami Beach 1964
The truth about the song Yesterday
When Paul McCartney wrote a song Yesterday, professional musicians accompanying him to a string quartet called the song "semitaktnym non-square building" and said that they do not write music. After recording the other band members questioned whether it is worth to include it in the album, and insisted that the song did not let separately. As a result, in the British charts it entered by singer Matt Monro, who published his own version of the hit. In other countries the song was released as a single and almost everywhere soared to the top of the charts. Ringo Starr during the concert 1964
Party for which he once studied Ringo Starr - today one of the pilgrimage sites. Behind it you can even sit for a while: the truth, to fork over five pounds. But, all the cross placed once on the ability sickly boy, having studied at the school for only two years.
Paul McCartney talks to his future wife, Linda Eastman, in 1967
John Lennon and Yoko Ono on the cover of Rolling Stone
Women have played a special role in the life of the band. At one time, all four of them being British, married to an American. The appearance of Yoko Ono during rehearsals the group caused a protest the other Beatles. Because of this, the musicians felt discomfort and tension increased within the group. At the same time John and Yoko were engaged in joint creativity. Yoko participated in the recording of some songs of The Beatles.
The picture to the album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, 1967
Drug Effect of
When The Beatles recorded the song Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds, John Lennon explained the origin of the name of the song that so christened his picture his son Julian. However, many saw it as an allusion to the name of the drug LSD, because it is such an abbreviation consisted of his first letters, BBC banned the song and did a rotation. Later, Paul McCartney revealed that LSD influence on this song is pretty obvious.
The Beatles in London 1968
During his speech, "The Beatles" in the Royal Variety show to their audience joined monarch's family. The public, feeling "superior" presence, behaved quite awkward and even applauded with an eye to the royal box. Seeing this, John said, after the execution of one of the songs: "The audience in the cheap seats, do not hesitate to slam! And the others, too, join - shake your jewels! ". The Queen did not take offense at the Joker (here it is, a good sense of English humor!) And even gave Lennon expensive ring. John Lennon on the set of the film "Magical Mystery Tour"
experiments with the work of
During the recording of one of the albums of The Beatles, part of the song Yellow Submarine Lennon sang into the microphone while wearing a condom on it. First, John wanted to be recorded under water to create a presence in the submarine. But since it was impossible, he took a bottle of water and put it in the microphone. And in order to protect the microphone from the circuit, he took the condom and put it on the mic. Otherwise, John could just explode because it passes through the microphone 240 volts. This was part of the lead vocal, but it was never used.
It is believed that Beatles first used peculiar sound effect called zavodka signal or feedback. Typical for this effect, the sound can be heard at the beginning of a song called I Feel Fine, recorded in the 1964th year.
The police could hardly contain the crowd of fans at Buckingham Palace
Fans of The Beatles in New York
Many jokes "Beatles" fans perceived them quite seriously. Once Paul told reporters that loves chocolates, but eat them very rarely - everything sweet he confiscates George. After that Beatlemania grew in shokoladomaniyu: Apple studio piled heaps of chocolate, and many packages come with a note: "It is not for George, but for Paul!". Fans threw candy and musicians "live" - during performances.
The fans of the legendary quartet wanted to keep the memory of them at least some "artifact". This is especially amused by McCartney, who loved, leaning out of the window of the hotel, throw on the ground a half-smoked cigarette. Over the ownership of butt fought dozens of girls. Last joint picture of The Beatles, 1969
The collapse of the group
"We dreamed to change something in this world ... but everything remains the same. It continues to sell arms in South Africa and black killed in the street. People still live in poverty, and on them run the rat. Only crowd of rich idlers walk around London in fashionable cloths. I no longer believe in the myth of the "Beatles". John Lennon
Relationships within The Beatles finally soured in 1968. Lennon and Paul McCartney have accumulated a lot of claims against each other. Lennon, for instance, did not like the fact that McCartney pulls the blanket over himself, but he was unhappy with apathy Lennon and constant presence in the studio during a Yoko Ono record. In addition, virtually ceased their creative collaboration, Lennon more and more inclined towards psychedelic ( "Strawberry Fields Forever"), acid rock ( "I am the Walrus") and the avant-garde ( "Revolution 9").
John Lennon gives an autograph to his killer Mark David Chapman, 1980
John Lennon Murder
December 8, 1980, John Lennon was killed by a US citizen Mark David Chapman. At 22:50, when Lennon and Yoko Ono were returning from the studio, Chapman saw Lennon shouted after him, "Hey, Mr. Lennon!" And then shot him five times (four bullets hit Lennon). Chapman then sat down on the pavement under the lantern and began to read a book by American writer D. Salinger's "The Catcher in the Rye." Lennon was taken to hospital where he died from a serious blood loss. He was pronounced dead at 23:15. Chapman did not try to escape from the crime scene and did not resist arrest. 7 times he filed a petition for pardon (the last time in August 2012), all of which were rejected. The murder of John Lennon is considered to be the era of The Beatles end.
The Beatles - a total of
The Beatles had a significant impact on rock music and is recognized by experts as one of the most successful groups of the XX century in the creative as well as in a commercial sense. Many well-known rock musicians recognize that became those influenced by the songs of the group. Despite the fact that the former glory of the musicians have long been over, all over the world regularly hosts concerts fans.
Number of records sold The Beatles more than a billion, and the number of albums sold in the US, more than any other artist.