10 main attractions Russia
results of the contest "Russia 10" were announced this week, the purpose of which is the choice of the main attractions of the country. New visual symbols of Russia, selected by popular vote (a total of nearly 225 million votes were taken into account), according to the organizers of the competition, designed to promote the image of Russia as a unique country with a rich cultural and natural heritage.
You will find 10 winners, selected from more than 700 objects.
Lake Baikal (Photo: Gennady Losev)
Baikal - the largest repository of high-quality fresh water, the deepest and one of the oldest lakes in the world. In 2008, the Baikal is recognized as one of the Seven Wonders of Russia.
Rostov Kremlin (Photo: Valery Abramov)
The Kremlin was built in the XVII century as the Rostov Metropolitan, that is, the residence of Metropolitan Jonah. Therefore, the Kremlin formally call it not for that, the stone walls were rather decorative in nature and should not be used to defend the city. Total Kremlin has eleven towers. Inside are several cathedrals, among which the Assumption, with its bell tower quadriceps. The Kremlin is also famous for the fact that it was here filming episodes of the film Gaidai "Ivan Vasilievich".
Peterhof (Photo: Ilya Strom)
Peterhof - a kind of triumphal monument to the successful completion of Russia's struggle for access to the Baltic Sea. Monument of world architecture and palace and park art includes the palace and park ensemble of the XVIII-XIX centuries, as well as the world's largest system of fountains and water cascades. Museum-Reserve "Peterhof" brings together 21 museums, including the unexpected, such as Museum "The Imperial bikes", "Playing Cards Museum" and "Collectors Museum".
Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin (Photo: Alexander Sinderov)
From the annals know that Nizhny Novgorod was founded in 1221 by Grand Duke of Vladimir Yuri Vsevolodovich. Protecting the strengthening of the city - the deep trenches and high ramparts - it was originally built of wood and earth. Stone Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin began in 1515, when there was a need to strengthen the defense of the city - the main stronghold of the Moscow State against the Kazan Khanate. New Kremlin was surrounded by a two-kilometer wall with 13 towers. In the XVI century it was repeatedly besieged by the enemy, but the enemy has never been able to master it.
Mamaev Kurgan and statue "The Motherland Calls" (Photo: Anastasia Andreeva)
Memorial "Heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad" was opened at Mamayev Kurgan in Volgograd in 1967. From the square of the Tribulation begins the ascent to the top of the mound to the bottom of the main monument - "The Motherland Calls". Along the serpentine, in the hill, reburied the remains of soldiers - defenders of Stalingrad. The statue by sculptor Vucetic and engineer Nikitin made of 5,500 tons of concrete and 2,400 tons of metal structures. The height of the monument - 86 meters, the height of the sculpture - 53 meters. The thickness of the walls of the sculpture - no more than 30 centimeters. Sword in hand motherland weighs 14 tons and has a length of 33 meters. It is said that in the palm of the statue freely placed car. In 2008, the Motherland statue in Mamayev Kurgan is also recognized as one of the Seven Wonders of Russia.
Pskov Kremlin - Krom (Photo: Valery Abramov)
Pskov Krom - the largest fortress in Europe. The length of its walls - 9 kilometers, the area - 3 hectares. Crom is located on a narrow promontory at the confluence of the river Pskovy in Great River. Now the Kremlin combines two different time of the city: Detinets to Trinity Cathedral, bell tower Veche area and Dovmontov city. The pride of Russian art of the XVII century - the seven-tier iconostasis of the Trinity Cathedral. For most revered temple shrines are miracle-working icons, reliquary Pskov saints and Holguin cross. For centuries, the city constantly hung the threat of an enemy attack, which caused Pskov constantly improve the defenses. Pskov Kremlin in its history, withstood 26 sieges. Fortress, the former active military use for nearly 1,000 years, came to us in almost original form.
The mosque named after Akhmad Kadyrov's "Heart of Chechnya" (Photo: Timur Agirov)
Mosque "Heart of Chechnya" Grozny is one of the largest, most beautiful and majestic mosques in Europe and the world. Opened October 17, 2008 and is named after Akhmad Kadyrov, the first president of the Chechen Republic. The mosque is located on the picturesque bank of the Sunzha River in the middle of a huge park with a cascade of colored fountains and night lighting. Exterior and interior walls of the mosque are marble, and 36 chandeliers, installed in the mosque, its shape resembles the three major shrines of Islam: 27 chandeliers mimic mosque Qubbat-al Sahra in Jerusalem, 8 are made on the model of the mosque Rovzat-Nebevi in Medina, and the biggest, eight-meter chandelier for repeats forms Kaaba shrine in Mecca. The collection of exclusive chandeliers took several tons of bronze, about three kilograms of gold and more than one million pieces and crystals Swarovski.
Trinity-Sergius Lavra (Photo: Vera Ostroumova)
Trinity-Sergius Lavra is located in the center of Sergiev Posad, Moscow Region, on Konchury river. Founded in 1337 by St. Sergius of Radonezh. The earliest structure of the monastery is considered to be white-stone Trinity Cathedral, built in 1422 on the site of the wooden church and perpetuate the traditions of Moscow architecture of XIV-XV centuries. This is a unique historical building, one of the few cathedrals where the iconostasis, painted by the greatest artists-painters - Andrei Rublev and Daniil Cherny. At Trinity Cathedral lie the relics of St. Sergius of Radonezh, who worship the hundreds of worshipers come daily. In 1744, the Holy Trinity Monastery was awarded the honorary title of Lavra. Today it is a functioning monastery, the spiritual center of the Orthodox Russia. Since 1940, the Trinity-Sergius Lavra - the State Museum-Reserve. It is under the protection of UNESCO.
Kizhi (Photo: Oleg Semenenko)
This is a unique historical, cultural and natural complex, which is particularly valuable object of cultural heritage of the peoples of Russia and the object of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. The basis of the museum collection - the ensemble of Kizhi. It consists of two churches and bell towers of XVIII-XIX centuries, surrounded by a common fence - the reconstruction of traditional fencing graveyards. Transfiguration Church, re-erected after a fire in 1714, cut down from the tree (including 22 of the dome and cross), without nails, using ax and chisel. Long life Kizhi church just because they were built without the use of saws - ax wood processing does not violate the structure, so the church is not destroyed. In 1966, on the basis of the architectural ensemble of the Kizhi churchyard it was founded by the State Historical and Architectural Museum "Kizhi", where, in addition to existing in their original places buildings were SVEZA a large number of chapels, houses and farm buildings from Zaonezhye Karelia and other regions.
Kolomna Kremlin (Photo: Alex fatigue)
The Kremlin in Kolomna - one of the most powerful fortresses of the Muscovite state, built in the years 1525-1531 during the reign of Vasily III. The Kremlin is located at the confluence of the rivers of Moscow and Kolomenka. Unfortunately, while the Kremlin has not spared - from the fortress there were only a few towers and a pair fragment of the fortress walls. Despite this, the Kremlin and today impresses with its majesty and power. The most interesting of the seven surviving towers - Marinka or Kolomenskaya tower. From this tower is connected tradition: here was allegedly imprisoned wife Falsdmitry - Marina Mniszek. Currently located in the territory of the Kremlin military history of sports and cultural complex. It hosts jousting and knights games, competitions fighters, wrestlers and archers, ancient rituals, folk festivals and fairs. Among the 30 finalists also included Temple "Golden Abode of Buddha Shakyamuni", Kungur Cave, Solovetsky Archipelago, Curonian Spit, the Valley of Geysers, cable-stayed bridge in Vladivostok and other attractions.