It created a film legend, "Battleship Potemkin"
• How did the movie legend "Battleship Potemkin"
18 January 1926 on the country's screens released feature film by Sergei Eisenstein, "Battleship" Potemkin ", who subsequently had an enormous impact on the entire world cinema.
We present to you some interesting facts from the history of one of the first Soviet film masterpieces.
"Battleship Potemkin" - silent black-and-white feature film, filmed at the studio "Mosfilm" in 1925. A scenario in which the movie was based on real events that occurred in June 1905 when the battleship "Prince Potemkin Tauride" team revolted and seized the ship.
The triumph of "Battleship Potemkin" began with the cinema "Art" on the Arbat, which was then called "Electro-State." The first spectators who came to 18 January 1926 for the premiere were struck not only the movie but also a premiere setting. The entire staff, from the usher to the projectionist, was dressed in naval uniform, and the theater facade resembles a large model of a warship (pictured).
"Of all the arts is important for us is cinema" - very aptly Lenin as a once in a while.
Before the show a bugler played the national anthem of the uprising. Only during the first week of the film looked more than 300 thousand Soviet spectators. The audience almost in unison read the writing on the screen.
The task of the government commission on preparation to the 20th anniversary of the first Russian revolution (1905) was as follows: the film must be prepared to show in December 1925 at the ceremonial meeting in the Bolshoi Theater. Terms were not possible to short (shooting began in June), and then there was the weather interfered with the filming process: from predosennego gloomy Leningrad had to quickly move to solar Odessa, a lot of event-plot scenarios to choose just one episode - the uprising on the battleship "Potemkin".
In the future, the film has been censored: were removed some frames and intermediate titles, words of Leon Trotsky in the prologue were replaced by a quote from Vladimir Lenin. In 2005, under the overall guidance of the Foundation Deutsche Kinemathek, the State Film Fund and the Russian State Archive of Literature and Art, the author's version of the film has been restored.
The first film was made public in 1930, then rebuilt and redubbed in 1950 (composer Nikolai Kryukov), and finally, in 1965 the music for the film was written by Dmitri Shostakovich.
And in 2004 he took another sound arrangement. The authors of the music was English pop duo "Pet Shop Boys".
The picture has been praised propaganda minister of the Third Reich Joseph Goebbels. At a meeting with filmmakers March 28, 1933 he said: "This is a wonderful film. From a cinematic point of view, it is incomparable. Anyone who does not firm in his beliefs, after seeing it, perhaps even could become a Bolshevik. This proves once again that a masterpiece can be successfully laid a certain tendency. Even the bad ideas can be promoted by means of art. "
From the vicissitudes of the real uprising on the battleship and Odessa Eisenstein selects the main event, a thickening of the method of "montage of attractions", developed in the previous film director - "Strike." It is about creating a series of shock, the most impressive moments of screen spectacle, causing severe emotional reaction of the audience and directing his thoughts in the right direction of the director. They are shown in the context of creating the complex meanings of the film.
"The Battleship Potemkin" is also considered the first Russian film color: Eisenstein personally brush on film painted flag that was raised above the ship insurgent sailors, red.
But this, unfortunately, was the only color frame in the movie.
Who has not seen the famous frame with roll down the stairs pram, from the cult film by Sergei Eisenstein's "Battleship Potemkin". The film has frequently been the subject of citation. The scene being shot on the stairs, in particular rolling frame with sidecar was reflected in dozens of other films. It was then that the main staircase of Odessa became world famous and was named Potemkin (here's proof film strength).
In the words of Eisenstein, the idea to remove the famous Odessa stairway came to him while he was sitting on this very staircase, eating cherries and bones rode the stairs. By the way, at the time of filming the director of the film it was only 27 years old. In 1926, the American Film Academy has recognized the best film. In the same year, The Battleship Potemkin won a prize at the World Exhibition in Paris. In 1958, the results of an international poll of film critics in Brussels, he was among the 12 best films of all time. In 1978, he became the first among the hundred best in a poll of film critics the world of movies. In the list of the most significant paintings of world cinema, which is published in the magazine Sight & Sound every ten years since 1952, Sergei Eisenstein's creation is always present. Also, the film is placed on the third line in the list of "100 best films of world cinema," according to Empire magazine, compiled in 2010.