15 most dangerous spiders in the world
Studies show that about 6 percent of the world population is afraid of spiders so that these people can be classified as suffering from arachnophobia. Hollywood loves to use spiders in films where you need to add horror and disgust. Some people keep them as pets, while most of us are, in fact, benefit from the fact that they are somewhere in the vicinity, as they help to control the population of pests and unwanted insects. Spiders everywhere - on the streets, in our cars, in our homes, and even in our beds. Despite this, the myth that we unconsciously eat at least a few spiders in his life, is an absolute fabrication, because spiders are not stupid creatures. Nevertheless, it is possible that at this very moment you are reading this article, within a few meters from you have a spider and he will most likely not alone.
Depending on whom you ask, the world has about 30 000-40 000 species of spiders. Most of them are harmless to humans. But what about the minority? Yes, there is a relatively small number of spiders that are dangerous to humans, and can even be lethal, depending on the specific type. However, it is worth remembering that in all cases where people have suffered from spiders - spiders do not prey on humans and have not tried to attack specifically. Imagine the following situation - if a stranger came out of nowhere and caught you on the street, what would you do? You would, most likely, it would not be embraced. Just feels like a spider.
Therefore, taking into account the fact that the world does not exist-murderers spiders, let's find out which ones are the most dangerous spiders in the world. In this article we will talk about the fifteen most dangerous spiders in the world. Some of them are included in this list because they have a very strong poison, others came here because it is very aggressive and prefer to stay put and fight rather than flee when to approach them. There is also a huge spiders, small, fluffy and smooth - a wide variety of spiders in circulation which is necessary to carefully follow the precautions.
15. Goliath Birdeater or tarantula Goliath (Goliath Birdeater Tarantula)
Given the name, it seems that this spider is deadly, is not it? However, it is not. Its name says only that the spiders of this species are very large in size. In fact, their diameter may reach up to 30 centimeters. Also interesting is the fact that this tarantula often eats other insects and only sometimes small mice or lizards, which he will meet. Like other types of tarantulas, tarantula Goliath really sets venom when they bite, but its venom is not deadly to humans. The main danger for people is the hairs on the back of a spider. Fearing tarantula Goliath rubs his hind legs and abdomen fires in the air cloud hairs resembling tiny needles. These small spikes can get into your respiratory tract and eyes, which is why you will feel discomfort for quite a long time.
14. fringed decorated tarantulas (Indian Ornamental Tarantula)
Another tarantula, although it grows "only" up to 18 centimeters in the span legs. This spider lives mainly in India, usually in trees, where it hunts its prey. If we talk about this kind within the meaning of it as a pet, then, according to experts, it is clearly not suitable for beginners in this business. This is partly explained by the fact that the spiders of this type always take a defensive position at the slightest of their anxiety and can become quite aggressive if they feel threatened. In addition, it is believed that they have the most powerful poison of all the tarantulas. Bite victims of experiencing muscle cramps, chest pain, and symptoms similar to flu-like symptoms that can last for many days or even weeks after the bite.
13. King Baboon Tarantula (King Baboon Tarantula)
As fringed decorated with tarantulas, King Baboon is another tarantula, which newcomers to the content of spiders is not recommended to keep as a pet. And all because the King Baboon known for its aggressive nature, and its venom, but not deadly to humans, can cause pain for several days after the bite. It is this kind of feeling at any threat, moves back and rubs his legs, uttering a sound, signifying a final warning before the attack. Despite this, they are not really trying to bite people. The scope of the clutches of this spider may reach approximately 20 centimeters. They feed mainly on insects, lizards, mice and small birds. Kings-Baboons live mainly in the east of Africa, so most of us will not be able to meet with them in the wild, but we can see it in a zoo or a friend who is interested in the content of exotic pets.
12. Krasnospinny spider (Redback Spider)
At first glance, this looks like a small spider black widow. The female has a black color with a red stripe on the back and orange-red pattern in hourglass-shaped on the abdomen. However, this is not a black widow. Krasnospinny spider is endemic in Australia, but has spread to other countries, such as Japan, New Zealand and Belgium. Despite the fact that the diameter of its body reaches only 1 centimeter, this little spider is not harmless, and its bite can be very serious for the person. After his bite people feel pain, muscle cramps, nausea and sweating constantly. Fortunately, like other spiders, this dangerous lad did not seek out men, and prefers to eat all the insects that appear in his way from flies to cockroaches and other spiders and lizards sometimes even bites.
11. The brown widow (Brown Widow)
This spider, which, by assumption, the scientists first appeared in Africa or South America, is a relative of the more famous black widow. This small spider lives on a fairly wide area and was seen in the territories of Thailand to Australia. So what is wrong in it? Well, maybe he was not as scary as the black widow, because unlike her, in brown widow's venom is not so strong. More precisely, its neurotoxic venom has the same power as the poison of the black widow, but this kind can not be injected during the bite of the same amount of venom as Black Widow. However, when it bites a person, its venom remains at the bite site, and does not apply on a limb or the body bitten them human.
10. American wandering spider (Hobo Spider)
No, this spider does not travel in cars without eating beans from a can and not begging people trifle. In fact, scientists are still very much unaware of this form, so the question of whether it is deadly to humans, still causes heated debate in the scientific world. Studies conducted in the US showed that the majority of bites attributed to the brown recluse spider in the United States are in fact American wandering spider bites. This is because the bite of this spider, according to scientists, causes necrosis (decomposition of the skin and tissue), although to a lesser extent than the bite of a brown recluse spider. Other symptoms are headache, fatigue and vision problems.
9. The brown recluse spider (Brown Recluse)
Based on the fact that in the scientific world, there are disputes about the differences between American wandering spider and the brown recluse spider, it is worth considering, and the last on our list. The average size of the spider is two centimeters, and it has not intimidating view as tarantulas described above. However, the lad is very dangerous and is much more common than you might think. He lives in the south-eastern United States and prefers to settle in old buildings, woodpile, or any other areas that are dry and abandoned for a long time. This is not an aggressive spider and its bite is rarely felt by man. Most bitten people feel a variety of symptoms, among which are the pain, tissue edema, nausea, fever or rash. Studies have shown that one-third of this spider bites cause tissue necrosis, and in rare cases refused organs from victims. There were only a few cases of death from the bite of this spider.
8. The widow of Bishop (Red (Legged) Widow)
widow Bishop's body size is 1, 25 centimeters, and the range clutches is 5 centimeters. This spider, as well as other representatives of the black widows, is small in size. Among other species of its genus, these spiders have bright color and pattern on the legs and body. It is this species lives only in Florida and is on the verge of extinction because of the growing population and expansion of infrastructure, respectively. There is not one documented case of human bite of this spider because of its limited habitat and the rare human contact. However, laboratory studies have shown that the venom of the spider can be no less dangerous to humans than the toxins in the venom of the black widow.
7. The Black Widow (Black Widow)
Black Widow, it is probably one of the most famous dangerous spiders in the world. These spiders have a black body color pattern of red in an hourglass on the abdomen. Black Widow lives throughout Mexico, the United States and southern parts of Canada. Popular culture and misinformation led to exaggerate the capabilities of this spider in the headlines of the media. Many people believe that the bite of this spider leads to certain death. If we talk about small children and elderly people, it was indeed registered several cases of deaths from spider bites of this species. However, most people experience only pain and swelling of the tissues at the site of the bite. A small number of people have reported more serious symptoms, such as chills, nausea, vomiting, cramps and fever - this means that the bite of the black widow can have the same effect on your body as well as lunch at one of the restaurants of the chain "Arby's".
6. The Australian ground spider (Mouse Spider)
This spider got its name due to the fact that earlier it was believed that he pulls himself as rodents burrow. How many terrible creatures, this spider lives mainly in Australia, but it can also be found on other continents, including South America, though not in such numbers. They are often confused with Voronkov water spiders because of their close resemblance. If you are bitten by a spider of this type, you are strongly advised to immediately seek medical attention, as they are in the category of dangerous to human life. Their bites can cause severe discomfort and symptoms similar to the symptoms of spider bite krasnospinnogo - another endemic to Australia.
5. The Chilean recluse spider (Chilean Recluse)
The Chilean recluse spider, which originally lived only in South America, and now and got to North America, parts of Europe and, of course, Australia. In general, it is considered the most deadly of all recluse spider. Like its North American cousin, the Chilean recluse spider prefers abandoned places such as old barns and woodpile. Nevertheless, he still encounters with people and his bites are the result of accidental contact. Bite Chilean recluse spider is very painful, some compare it with cigarette burns. One out of ten people die from its bite, but others feel a strong pain and sometimes suffer necrosis, the treatment of which takes many months.
4. Northern woody funnel web (Northern Funnelweb Spider)
Speaking on the topic of why people suffering from arachnophobia, do not go to Australia, we just have to mention the northern wood funnel web. It is the largest species of funnel web in Australia. It is found in Queensland (Queensland) and New South Wales (New South Wales). Feeling any kind of threat, these large spiders in the Hollywood scene from the horror film are reared and bares its fangs (which often dripping with venom). In most cases, the victim bites have symptoms similar to severe poisoning, but experts believe that the spider can be quite deadly. If you are lucky, your symptoms are limited to "only" nausea, vomiting, muscle spasms, and pain at the site of the bite.
3. Six-sand spider (Six-Eyed Sand Spider)
The spiders of this species can grow up to five centimeters in diameter, and they are found, as you might have guessed, in the deserts and sandy areas of Africa. As well as camels, these spiders can live for a long time without food and water - according to researchers up to one year. Six-sand spider burrows in the sand (this process fun to watch), and patiently waits for the victim will approach close enough. The bite of this spider is particularly dangerous to humans. This is because sandy spider venom Six-hemolytic is a potent necrotizing toxin, which dilutes the blood, leading to the disintegration of tissues and causes rupture of blood vessels. To make matters worse, that this poison there is no antidote.
2. The Sydney funnel web (Sydney Funnelweb Spider)
Look, one more dangerous spider from Australia. Sydney funnel web dwells within a radius of 100 kilometers from Sydney, Australia. The body of the spider grows up to 5 cm, excluding legs. As a rule, this spider inhabits open areas, on trees, in stumps or under stones. Heavy rains may force them to change their location, which leads to encounters with people. Sydney funnel web is not specifically to attack, but if he feels threatened, he immediately demonstrates aggressive behavior, standing on its hind legs and baring its fangs. When you bite the spider struggling bites and bites many times in a row. Often it is necessary to knock down or tear off from the part of the body, in which he stared. Male poison is extremely toxic and the bite he injects extra large dose of poison. Symptoms include sweating, nausea, vomiting, pain, low blood pressure, circulatory problems and the failure of the respiratory system.
1. The Brazilian wandering spider (Brazilian Wandering Spider)
In the first place is located a spider, whose venom is the most deadly in the world. It lives in the tropical regions of Central and South America. The scope of his paws up to 15 centimeters. If he feels in danger, this spider rears, raise the front pair paw high in the air and shows his fangs. While other spiders also are reared, taking a defensive posture, the Brazilian wandering spider never retreats and runs on everything that approaches it too closely. In addition to the incredibly painful bite, the bite of this spider victim feel tissue edema, nausea, vomiting, convulsions, seizures, hypothermia, and heavy sweating. In severe cases, people lose muscle control, their paralysis and suffocation. The interesting thing is that the bite of this spider is very strong and long erection in men. As a result, leading researchers are studying the Brazilian wandering spider in the hope of finding a cure for erectile dysfunction.