April 1 - it is not only April Fool's Day. On this day, the International Day of birds. This holiday is timed to the start of the return of birds to the wintering grounds.
Birds - the direct descendants of dinosaurs. According to ornithologists, there are more than 9800 species of birds in the world. Today we tell about the bird records.
The highest flight
The owner of this record - Eduard Rüppell vulture. Recorded case of a collision with the aircraft at an altitude of 11,274 meters.
The highest acceleration tolerable living being
The owner of this record - Red Heads woodpecker. Head woodpecker pecking a tree is experiencing congestion to 10g.
The largest vocabulary of
The owner of this record - Grays (gray parrot). His vocabulary is as much as 800 words.
The most long-lived bird
The owner of this record - Sulfur-crested cockatoo. His life expectancy (in captivity) is more than 80 years.
The fastest flight of
The owner of this record - Falcon. It flies at a speed exceeding 200 km / hour (according to some estimates, up to 300 km / h).
The most acute vision in birds
This is the second record peregrine falcon. He can see a pigeon at a distance of more than 8 kilometers.
The largest bird
The owner of this record - the ostrich. His height - up to 2.75 meters, weight - up to 456 kg.
on land The highest rate of
This second record ostrich, which can run at speeds up to 72 km / h.
The biggest eyes among land animals
And here again the champion - the ostrich. His eyes up to 5 centimeters in diameter (larger than the brain of an ostrich).
The deepest dive
The owner of this record - the emperor penguin. It can dive to a depth of 540 meters.
The longest migration route of
The owner of this record - Arctic Tern. Its migration route leaves up to 40 000 kilometers each way, or about 2.4 million kilometers in a lifetime (30 years)!
The smallest bird
The owner of this record - the bee hummingbird. The growth of this bird just 5.7 cm and weighs 1.6 grams.
The heaviest flying bird
The owner of this record - bustard. Its weight of 18-19 kg.
The largest wingspan
The owner of this record - the wandering albatross. The scope of its wings is 3.6 meters.
The highest rate in water
The owner of this record - gentoo penguin. Its speed in water is 36 km / h.