What technique supplied allies in the USSR
Foreign military equipment since World War II in the Victory Parade on Red Square is not involved, though it has every right to. Deliveries of the Allies to the Soviet Union in 1941-1945 were worth more than $ 13 billion - more than $ 170 billion in 2015 prices. Basic supplies were on the Lend-Lease program the United States, who "rented" the Soviet forces equipment, food and petroleum products for $ 11, 4 billion ($ 148, 6 billion in 2015 prices). Lend-Lease destroyed during the war, the property was not subject to payment, to repay the debt for "surviving" the Soviet Union agreed to a $ 722 million ($ 9, 4 billion in 2015), the relevant agreement was signed with the United States only in 1972.
How important was financial help for allies of the USSR? During the war, for example, the supply of aviation fuel from Soviet allies exceeded the volumes of production, every fifth or sixth plane in the Soviet Air Force was imported, delivery vehicles during the war in 1, 5 times higher than domestic production. What drove the allies and in what quantities - in the Forbes photo gallery of the Museum of military equipment on Poklonnaya Hill in Moscow.
Infantry (Medium) tank "Matilda" (United Kingdom)
Series production began in 1939, with the October 1941 delivery began in the Soviet Union, until August 1943, the Soviet army received 1084 "Matilda" in different versions. From the UK has been received during the war years 5218 tanks, according to the magazine "Military-Industrial Courier", from the US - 7500. The Soviet Union during this period produced 110,000 tanks.
Middle M4A2 (US) tank
It was developed in the spring of 1941, in December adopted by the US Army. In late 1942 he began to be delivered in the USSR, received the designation "Sherman". 8000 "Shermans", 2,000 of them sent in the Red Army was made up to May 1944. There was a contribution in manufacturing and Allied legendary Soviet tank T-34. Lend-Lease from the USA was imported about 260 000 tonnes of primary aluminum, which is used in the production of engines for the "Thirty".
self-propelled artillery SU-57 (US)
During the war years produced about 1000CAU, 650 of them were sent to the Soviet Union. Allies, according to the magazine "Military-Industrial Courier", was sent to the Soviet Union nearly 5,000 anti-tank guns, more than 8,000 anti-aircraft guns, 376,000 shells, 136,000 guns and 320,000 tons of explosives.
90-mm anti-aircraft gun M1A1 (USA)
Was developed in 1939-1940 for the US Army as the main anti-aircraft gun of medium caliber, in late 1940, it has been upgraded, which increased the rate from 20 to 24 rounds per minute. Anti-aircraft guns were the most deficient for the Red Army, so perhaps the US supplied only this kind of artillery. In the book, Edward Stettinius, "Lend-Lease - weapon of victory" says that during the war the Soviet Union received nearly 8,000 anti-aircraft guns. The volume of their production in the USSR were not disclosed.
(United Kingdom) The Fighter "Hurricane"
Single all-metal monoplane with an enclosed cabin was designed in 1934-1935 years, from 1936 to 1944 were issued 16 750 such aircraft, began deliveries to the Soviet Union in September 1941, which has received nearly 2,000 "Hurricanes". During the war the Soviet Union received from the Allies 22,195 aircraft in the Soviet factories during this period it was produced 143,000 aircraft.
Floating amphibious vehicle "Ford GPA" (USA)
In the summer and autumn of 1941 the Soviet Union had lost nearly 60% of the freight car fleet, which is extremely negative impact on the mobility of the army. To rectify the situation could lend-lease supplies. Allies, mainly the United States, sent to the Soviet Union more than 430 000 vehicles of various models ( "Studebakers", "doji", "jeeps", "Ford") and more than 35,000 motorcycles. "Studebakers", incidentally, is not only used for transportation of goods and personnel, but also to become a base for multiple rocket launchers "Katyusha".
From submarines to food
The Soviet Navy was under the Lend-Lease Act, more than 500 combat ships and boats, including 28 frigates, 89 minesweepers, 78 hunters submarines, 60 patrol boats, 166 torpedo, 43 amphibious vessel.
Furthermore, in the Soviet Union under the Lend-Lease was delivered in 1900 the locomotives (2, 4 times more than domestic production during the war years) and 66 diesel-electric locomotives (11 times more than domestic production), more than 11 000 cars (10 times greater than the internal production), more than 35,000 radio stations, around 6,000 receivers and 348 radar. 25% of the Lend-Lease had food.