Fashion decades of the XX century
Recently I was looking through various retro pictures which depicted the life story of the people and then I thought that would be nice to see the photos, which comes to fashion, to see how it changes, how interesting then dress up the girl-fashionista. So I decided, why not do a review regarding fashion for decades. Just specify that I will not give an example of women who were popular at a certain time, it is better to pay them special attention. Just discuss fashion.
Let's start with 10-x of the XX century.
Corsets for years constrained women, made them the figure is much prettier and more elegant, and life - harder. Inability to once again breathe in and out, constant illness due to too tight "shells" - all this makes the corset though important subject of the era, but it is very unpleasant.
Because in 1906, women around the world is literally exhaled - designer named Paul Poiret was first proposed by a simple cut dress worn without corsets. Very soon, these dresses in vogue - that is why teens remembered as the years of "liberation" of women from the oppression of one of the most uncomfortable toilet articles, and Paul Poiret was a real deliverer to give high light.
In the second decade of the rage was Russian style - with great success came "Russian Seasons," which brought to Paris the famous Sergei Diaghilev. Ballet, opera, visual arts, exhibitions - all this was accompanied by a huge number of methods in which the ladies could learn from the art of haute couture at the Parisian.
It was then that began to come into fashion all the familiar attributes of today "luxury living" in the locker room - women bared shoulders, began to wear very boudoir type toilets, decorating them with a huge amount of feather fans, jewelery and shiny accessories.
A smooth transition to the 20s fashion
In this period, the fashion firm steps included sports, sports figures such as male and female forms gradually began to lose its relevance and popularity. Ideal - slender lady with narrow hips, without the slightest hint of bust or other roundness. Reformer and revolutionary fashion of this period can be called the famous Gabrielle Chanel. On a par with it in these times of fashions created in such fashion houses as "Nina Ricci", "Chanel", "Madame Paken", "Jean Patou", "Madeleine Vionnet", "Jacques Doucet," "Jacques Heim," " Lucille "fur fashion house" Jacques Heim "and others.
coming into fashion 20's Egyptian motifs. design models were decorative, with an abundance of ornaments, embroidery style "zig-zag". This style was called "Art Deco", and is derived from the name of the exhibition of modern decorative and industrial arts in Paris in 1925.
It was a style of decorating and decorated things. Decor elements were present in the furniture and utensils for the kitchen, and on the women's dresses.
in vogue shoes, trimmed with embroidery or applique decorated with the taste of popular fashion designers of that time. "Art Deco" - is an eclectic style, in which the African abstraktsionalnaya exotics, mixed with geometric shapes of Cubism; unconventional cheap and simple materials are mixed with a good quality conventional expensive materials.
This combination itself is not combined, mixed in the same style.
As a result, especially 20 's, fashion:
- the main items of clothing it certainly dresses, suits, straight cut;
- fashionable pleating;
- fashionable coat straight cut tapered towards the bottom and with a fur collar;
- fashionable pajama pants and pajamas, in which at that time went to the beach; - appeared the first bathing suits for women - fashion revolution in the beach;
- sewed clothes of the more affordable fabrics and knitwear has become the opening;
- in fashion athletic style, there are not only the pants, but also shorts;
- the appearance of the classic Chanel little black dress.
In these times of cut clothes became difficult. The quality of finished garments, manufactured in large quantities, markedly increased. Hollywood is a trendsetter in the United States. But even firms began to appear here, who traded with the help of catalogs sent by mail. These firms spread new fashion models in the millions.
Long skirts have become the standard fashion in times of crisis of the thirties. In 1929, Jean Patou first proposed long dresses and skirts, waist line which was in place. After this change all the fashion houses have extended their model in two stages. First, the length of dresses and skirts reaching mid-calf, and a little later sank almost to the ankles. Ladies watching the fashion trends, independently lengthened his clothes. They sewed wedges and various frills.
A very popular clothing 30s was a woman outside suit, which existed in a variety of ways. Outerwear - coats and jackets are of extraordinary elegance and variety of styles.
For each type of clothing, including for the costume, was characterized by a great variety of shaped lines and finishes. cut suits become more complex, he began to rely on the geometry that gives the silhouette of clarity.
It is widely used in costume decorative items, jewelry. Hat, handbag, gloves and shoes - that's what was supposed to be in one color. Accessories were chosen very strictly. As a rule, they were black or brown, and in the summer - white.
selected so accessories, easy to match any dress or suit, which was relevant in times of crisis. In the fashion of the 30s accessories play a huge role. After all, most of the women of those years, except for hats or purses, anything else could not afford.
The dominant trend of fashion early 40-ies became layered long skirts, huge bows on their clothes, sometimes with the addition of vertical strips, puffed sleeves. It is worth noting that while the clothes in the strip was the most popular. The war began, and the world moved on militarized situation, so fashion the 40s has undergone significant changes. Women was no time to think about makeup and replenish their wardrobes.
During this period, the appearance of outfits has never been easier to minimalism in everything. Natural fabrics are no longer used for civilian purposes. Clothing for women began to make and sew from acetate silk and viscose.
In a fashion back floral drawings: ornaments, small flowers became the main decoration of fabric and sewn from this dress material. It became impossible to sew blouses and shirts of white cloth, so in fashion began to take root cuffs and collars. The opening of the war period and became popular in today's time style "military"
At the same time released a new model of shoes: shoes with stiletto heels.
Also new was the production blouses, turtlenecks, these models with a high collar under the throat of merit were recognized fashionistas of those times.
In the postwar years significantly worsened social differences. Wife again become a symbol of well-being of their spouses, as a kind of showcase for others. Mandatory ritual for every woman was a visit to the hairdressing salon, make-up application. The ideal woman, even if she never worked and was a housewife, already early in the morning had to be armed: with perfect hair, heels and makeup to stand at the stove or vacuuming the carpet.
Even in the Soviet Union, where life was very different from the West, it was decided at least once a week to do hair styling at the hairdresser or a perm, which are also coming into fashion with extreme rapidity.
Style 50s contrasted silhouette of an hourglass silhouette with a clear extension of the arms, which was popular during the war years. Thus, the specific requirements for your figure: sloping shoulders, narrow waist, rounded hips and feminine magnificent breasts.
In order to meet these standards, women wore corsets Waist, underlay cloth or cotton bras in and tied up their bellies. Images of beauty of the time were Elizabeth Taylor, Lyubov Orlova, Sophia Loren, Clara Lucko, Marilyn Monroe.
Among the young population standards were Lyudmila Gurchenko and other fashionable and stylish woman style 50s in silhouette like a flower: full skirt on the floor, under which the multi-layered petticoats worn, high heels heels, nylon stockings with a seam. Stockings - a must-have accessory to complete the image, and they cost very expensive. But not only were the women to look good and feel beautiful girls who watch for fashion trends. Fabrics to buy at that time was difficult, they were released to one person is not more than a certain number of approved standards of those times. To sew a skirt under the "new silhouette" was required from nine to forty meters of material!
Legendary 60s - a decade of the brightest in the history of fashion, free and expressive, during the solemn processions, the so-called youth fashion. New style needed new hairstyle. Again London in terms of innovative ideas proved to be ahead of Paris. In 1959, on the screens out the French film "Babette Goes to War" with Brigitte Bardot in the leading role. Casually whipped hair with fleece, despite the fact that its creation from fashionistas takes a long time, it becomes super popular.
gained great popularity accessories: a necklace of large beads, body jewelry, sunglasses "macro" that covered the floor face.
In London, was born the most scandalous clothes Sixties - the mini-skirt, a symbol of emancipation and sexual revolution. In 1962, he became a legend Mary Quant showed his first collection of things with a mini length. A new style called "London style", quickly won the youth of the world.
60 years - the era of synthetic and artificial all. Synthetic fabrics are widely distributed in the mainstream fashion - they are the most convenient and practical, since it does not crumple easily erased and, moreover, they are cheap.
fashion at that time favorable to the artificiality - false eyelashes, wigs, hairpieces, costume jewelery. Superpopulyarnymi become high boots women low heels, with narrow or broad rounded toe of leather or synthetic material, called go-go (go go). Boots have proliferated with the rise of fashion on the length of the mini and dance style of the same name.
Fashion end of the 1960s influenced the hippie movement. Youth opposed the social and class differences, racial discrimination and war. The kind of hippie stressed the denial of the norms of official culture. Their clothes are deliberately careless and even slovenly - ripped jeans, beaded bracelets, fabric bags, bags on his shoulders. It emphasizes sexlessness appearance, long hair - symbolize freedom.
fashion has become even more democratic in the 1970s. And in spite of what many call the '70s era durnovkusiya, we can say that in those years people had more money to expression through fashion. There was no single style trends, fashion was all: ethnics, disco, hippie, minimalism, retro, sporty style.
The motto of the 70s was the expression "You can all!". The choice of progressive and active young designer presented several styles, none of which was hardly dominant. The most fashionable wardrobe item became jeans, which were originally worn only by the cowboys, and after - the hippies and students.
Also in the wardrobe of fashionable women of the time were trapeze skirts, flared trousers, tunics, jumpsuits, blouses with big bright prints, sweaters, turtlenecks, dresses A-shaped silhouette, the dress-shirt.
In addition, it should be noted that the clothing has become more comfortable and practical. A notion basic wardrobe consisting of the required number of items, combined with each other. As for shoes, the shoes became popular on the platform.
From the designers in the 70 years Sonia Rykiel was recovered, which was called the new Chanel. Sonia Rykiel created a convenient, comfortable clothing: sweaters, cardigans, dresses and woolen knitted mohair.
In the fashion of the 80's intertwined retroobrazy, reinterpreted by designers, as well as born of youth subcultures, music and dance areas, the continuing boom in the sport.
Hip-hop, gothic, post punk, rave, house, techno, break dancing, snowboarding, skate boards, roller skates, step aerobics - all these phenomena are reflected in the style of the decade.
The list of iconic things decades stylistic binge impressive - skid shoulders, pants-bananas, clothes in the style of "millitari" and "safari", the sleeves cut "kimono", "bat" and raglan leggings with bright pictures, black fishnet stockings , frayed denim, so-called, Varenkov, black leather jackets, Lurex, massive jewelry, jewelry buttons on jackets, voluminous hairstyles or styling with the effect of "wet hair" cascading haircut, a spiral perm, hair ornamental flowers such as "eggplant" , a piece of chalk "Feathers" tion. I eat a lot of makeup deliberately shades with sequins and pearl. Mass of the 1980s can be described as excessive. All, however, "too" - too narrow, too extensive, too flashy, too bright. In the 80s were successful designers who think outside the box and create unusual clothes, with original features: Vivienne Westwood, John Galliano, Jean-Paul Gaultier.
Style 90's clothing, which has become universal, it is better not to name the style, and a new approach to the choice of clothes. Because in the fashion 90s changed the very principle of their image, as well as the principle used in the creation of the costume. The main prize of the nineties - "to be the way you are!" At that time, special importance is attached to denim - it did not go just lazy. Avid fashionistas managed to wear jeans to denim jackets, bags and shoes. So that the style of the 90's can be called "jeans" because there was such a thing every person in more than one instance.
The Nineties - time running shoes and shoes without heels. This unisex very fond of large Italian and American firms such as Banana Republic, Benetton, Marko Polo. Costumes tend to simplicity and functionality, which, however, revives the tradition of partnership of art, when, along with strict asceticism in the suit is present deliberate theatricality with a bright palette of colors. Fashion varies depending on the social orientation and territoriality, as in Europe, Bohemia prefers conceptual designer clothes.
The main fashion focus of the nineties is not on the clothing, and on its owner. Fashionable image created by a slender figure with tanned or milky-white skin. body culture flourishes as in the days of ancient Greece. Dandies and ladies do not just go to sports clubs, which appeared thanks, but also actively visit beauty parlors and even use plastic surgery services. Supermodels from the fashion catwalks become role models, a considerable contribution to this made television and fashion magazines. Well. That concludes my review. I would say that of all the times I feel closer to the preferences of the 30s, 50s and 70s. In general, all new is long forgotten old.