12 most famous shipwrecks, which can be seen
According to experts, there are about four million shipwrecks scattered across the oceans, some of which are already more than a thousand years. Even the numbers of known wrecks are impressive.
A large number of shipwrecks are historically significant and protected by UNESCO as underwater cultural heritage. Some ships ran aground near the beaches, and gradually rot under the influence of the forces of nature. Some of them have become tourist attractions.
Last time the shipwreck, which attracted much media attention, was in January 2012, when the Costa Concordia cruise ship overturned in the waters near the island of Isola del Giglio on Italy's west coast. Capsized ship has attracted thousands of curious tourists.
Here we have compiled some impressive wrecks, which are worth a look, until the time to destroy them.
"the SS America"
"SS America" was an ocean liner built in 1940. After a long career, the liner was sold in 1993 to be renovated and become a five-star hotel in Phuket (Thailand). That ship was renamed "American Star" at this time, although he never sailed with this new name. The ship was towed from Greece to Atlantic Ukrainian tugboat. However, the ships caught in a storm, the tow rope broke, the crew on board the "SS America" was rescued by helicopter, but the ship was adrift. 18 January, the ship ran aground off the west coast of Fuerteventura (Canary Islands).
During the first 48 hours after the ship ran aground, hitting the surf of the Atlantic Ocean crashed ship. Aft collapsed and sank in 1996, while the nose portion remained intact. In November 2005, the nose of the collapsed, and the body began to disintegrate. In 2007, the ship keeled over and fell into the sea. As of March 2013, this ship is only visible at low tide.
The wreckage of the "American Star" (SS America) in July 2004.
"The discoverer of the world"
"The discoverer of the world" was a big cruise ship, built in 1974 and carries out periodic flights to Antarctica and the polar regions, to allow its passengers to admire the ice hummocks and icebergs. The ship had a double hull that provides protection against minor impacts. Yet the ship April 30, 2000 hit a reef and struck the body near the Solomon Islands. The captain sent a ship in the Gulf of Roderick and put him on a bank in order to avoid flooding. The crew and passengers were evacuated and later the ship was looted by locals.
A cruise ship "Mediterranean Sky" was originally called "New York" and was built in 1952 in Newcastle (England). His last flight, the spacecraft completed in August 1996.
Due to financial problems, which owns the company, "Mediterranean Sky" was arrested in 1997 in Patras. Two years later he was towed to Eleuzussky Gulf in Greece, where he was abandoned. At the end of 2002, the ship began to fill with water and began to bend. To stop the flooding, it was towed to shallow water. In January 2003 the "Mediterranean Sky" tipped over on its side, where he is awaiting his fate.
Captayannis was Greek barge for transportation of raw sugar. She sank on the River Clyde (Scotland) in 1974 after colliding with an oil tanker. The tanker did not suffer any damage, but its anchor chains holed Captayannis so that the ship was filled with water. Captayannis captain tried to bring the ship in shallow water, and he sat down on a sandbank. The ship turned up the next morning, and lay there until now. While the ship is in relatively shallow waters, has never been any attempt to save the remains of the ship. After a while Captayannis became a habitat of marine life and birds.
BOS-400 - French floating platform, which ran aground in Maori Bay in South Africa, during a storm, a Russian tugboat towed June 26, 1994. BOS-400 was the largest floating crane in Africa. The tug was chartered to tow BOS-400 from the Republic of Congo to Cape Town (South Africa). However, during a storm tow rope broke and the platform was thrown aground, where it remains to this day.
"La Famille Express"
The ship "La Famille Express" shipwrecked in the southern waters of the Turks and Caicos Islands in the Caribbean. The ship was built in 1952 in Poland and most of his life he served in the Soviet Navy as "Fort Shevchenko". In 1999 the ship was sold and renamed "La Famille Express". The circumstances of the crash are not clearly known, except that it ran aground during a hurricane Frances in 2004. Now the ship is a great local attraction and attracts large number of tourists.
"HMAS Defender" was a big gunboat acquired by the Government of South Australia in 1884, in order to protect the coast against possible "Russian threat" of the 1870s. "HMAS Defender" served during the Boxer Rebellion, I, and World War II. In July 1943, "HMAS Defender" was requisitioned for military service in the US Navy. On the way to New Guinea, the ship was damaged in a collision with a tug. Corpus subsequently ran aground off the coast of Queensland. Its rusting remains are still visible to this day.
"Evangeleh" - a merchant ship built in the same shipyard as the "Titanic" and launched on May 28, 1942 with the title "The empire of force." Later, she had a number of names and "Evangeleh" was named as a result.
In 1968, during a night of thick fog the ship sailed extremely close to the shoreline and ran aground near Costinesti. Some argue that "Evangeleh" was deliberately destroyed by the owner to receive insurance compensation. The hypothesis is supported by the fact that at the time of the disaster, but the fog was very thick, but the sea was incredibly calm and almost all of the ship's equipment worked perfectly.
"the SS Maheno"
Shipwreck ship "SS Maheno" is the most famous shipwreck at Fraser Island in Australia .. Built in 1905 "SS Maheno" was one of the first turbine ships. It made regular flights between Sydney and Auckland as during the First World War was not converted into a hospital ship.
In 1935 he was sold to Japan for scrap. During towing in Japan, the ship caught in a heavy storm, and with eight people on board disappeared. The ship was found 3 days later, beached off the coast of Fraser Island, his crew had set up camp on the shore of the island. Attempts to remove it from a bank were unsuccessful and eventually it was put up for sale, but buyers are not found.
Santa Maria was a Spanish merchant ship. At the time of the last flight on board were sports cars, food, medicine, machinery, clothing and other. September 1, 1968 the ship passed near the islands of Cape Verde on the way to Brazil and Argentina, when aground. After a local tugboat tried unsuccessfully to save the ship, it was left. All the valuable cargo was overwhelmed and taken away. Fragments of "Santa Maria" has since become a symbol of Boa Vista and Cape Verde.
"Dimitrios" (the former name - "Klintholm"), - a small, 67-meter-long cargo ship was built in 1950. He was thrown out at the beach Valtaki in the prefecture of Laconia in Greece December 23, 1981.
There are rumors that the ship was used for cigarette smuggling between Turkey and Italy. He was deliberately thrown the team stranded on the beach Valtaki, about 5 kilometers from the port of Gythio, and then set on fire to hide the evidence of cigarette smuggling.
It was a merchant ship that was washed ashore near the city of Katapola on Amorgos island in Greece. In 1979 he headed from Cyprus to Greece has been captured by pirates. After failing to get the ship out of the bay, it was left there and became one of the most popular tourist destinations.