10 of the most influential families in the history of
Dynasty that changed the world
The list below shows the family one way or another influenced the course of human history. Among them there as a royal dynasty and the family of ordinary people who, because of certain circumstances appeared among the powerful.
1. Rothschild Dynasty
The Rothschild family (which often simply referred to as the Rothschilds) - is an international dynasty of bankers and financiers of Jewish origin, who was born in Germany. They conducted financial transactions across Europe, and enjoyed the patronage of both the British and the Austrian government.
Rothschild family's path to international fame began with Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744-1812 gg.). Strategy of its future success was to concentrate all control of the business in the hands of the same family, which in turn will exercise restraint with regard to the level of wealth of the family, and with regard to their achievements in business. Mayer Rothschild successfully kept the wealth in the family with the help of carefully planned marriages between closely related family members.
Nathan Mayer Rothschild started his own business in London, founded there in 1818, the year the company "Rothschild & Sons", which continues to operate today. Also in 1818, the year he gave a loan to the Prussian government in the amount of 5 million pounds. In the future, he does not just provide government loans, and it has formed a solid foundation for its banking business. Gradually, he bought in London is so great influence, that in 1826 the Bank of England was able to provide the amount of which was enough to prevent overdue in England liquidity crisis.
2. Dynasty Plantagenet
In the competition for inclusion in the list between the Plantagenet and Tudor won the Plantagenets, because the main part of the rules of the English culture and the political system they asked. These rules apply to this day. During the Tudor dynasty was formed Church of England, and some believe that it was a real Golden Age, but Plantagenet contribution to the culture and politics was much more.
House of Plantagenet royal house was founded by Henry II of England, who was the son of Geoffrey V of Anjou. First, in the 12th century, the Plantagenets ruled the kingdom of England. With 1154 on 1485 years, England managed 15 monarchs of this dynasty. The typical English culture and art have appeared in the era of the Plantagenets. The art was encouraged by several monarchs, who were patrons of the "father of English poetry" Geoffrey Chaucer (Geoffrey Chaucer). At that time has gained popularity and Gothic architectural style, and any such buildings as Westminster Abbey, and many others.
also witnessed important events in the social sector. For example, John I of the great English Carta was signed, which further influenced the development of the general civil and constitutional rights. Political institutions such as the Parliament of England and the Model Parliament, came from the era of the Plantagenets, as well as many schools, including Oxford and Cambridge.
3. Family Nehru-Gandhi
of Nehru-Gandhi - Indian political dynasty, which was dominant in the Indian National Congress, much of the early history of India's independence. Three members of this family (pundit Jawaharlal Nehru, his daughter Indira Gandhi and her son Rajiv Gandhi) were the prime ministers of India, and two of them (Indira and Rajiv Gandhi) were subsequently killed. The fourth member of the family, Sonia Gandhi, is currently the president of Congress, while her son, Rahul Gandhi, the youngest member of the family who came to politics. He began to struggle with political rivals and was elected to the lower house of the Indian Parliament in 2004, the year. It should be noted that the Nehru-Gandhi family has nothing to do with the Indian independence fighter Mohandas Gandhi. Nehru-Gandhi - the most striking example of tradition and dynastic leadership in Asian democracies.
4. Dynasty of Genghis Khan
Genghis Khan, depicted above, was the founder, Khan (ruler) and Khagan of the Mongol Empire, the largest empire in history. This man came to power by uniting many tribes of nomads in the north-eastern Asia. After the founding of the Mongol Empire, and get the name of "Genghis Khan", he started to organize incursions and raids on the Kara-Khitan Khanate, Caucasus, in Khorezm, as well as the possession of the Western Xia Dynasty and Jin. Throughout his life, the Mongol Empire occupied a substantial portion of Central Asia.
Before his death, Genghis Khan appointed his successor Udyog Khan and his empire, he divided between numerous sons and grandsons. Genghis Khan died in 1227, the year after defeating the Tangut. The exact burial place of Genghis Khan has not yet been established. His descendants continued to expand the empire, and gradually it covered a large part of Eurasia.
5. The family and the Julio Claudian
These two families are united in one point, because they are two of the most important families of Ancient Rome, and because they are ultimately united in the Julio-Claudian, from which later came the most famous emperors: Caligula, Augustus, Claudius Tiberius and Nero. These five emperors ruled the Roman Empire in the 27 th BC. e. to '68 n. e., until the moment when the last of the dynasty, Emperor Nero committed suicide. The families of these five rulers were closely linked. Julius Caesar is sometimes considered the founders of the dynasty Julio-Claudian, but this is a mistake, because it was not the emperor, and in general did not have any relations with Claudius. So the role of the founder of which is more suitable in August. The reign of the emperors of the Julio-Claudian has similarities in many dynasties. All of them came to power as a result of family ties. Each of them is trying to expand the territory of the Roman Empire, and initiated a large-scale construction projects. Ancient historians describe the dynasty Julio-Claudian as "full of self-praise, mad, sexually perverse and tyrannical."
6. Family Zhu
"Zhu" - is the name of the emperors of the Ming Dynasty. The first emperor of the dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang Ming has decided to use the name as a dynastic. Ming means "diamond". The Ming Dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368-th to 1644-th years, and it is often referred to as "one of the greatest epochs of orderly government and social stability in human history". She also was the last dynasty, which ruled China ethnic Han Chinese. Although the capital of the Ming Dynasty, Beijing fell in 1644, the year of the uprising, led by Lee Tszychenom, modes, remaining loyal to the Ming Dynasty (commonly referred to as the Southern Ming), were able to survive until the 1662 year. During the Ming dynasty, a huge naval fleet was built.
There was also a regular army of over one million people. We had grandiose construction projects, including the restoration of the Grand Canal, the Great Wall, as well as the foundation of "Forbidden City" in Beijing in the first half of the 15th century. The era of the Ming dynasty is often regarded as the finest hour of the Chinese civilization, as well as the dynasty in which early signs of capitalism emerged.
House of Habsburg was an important royal house in Europe, and he is known primarily by the fact that the support of all formally elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1452 to 1740 years. Also, the Habsburgs were the rulers of Spain and the Austrian Empire. Born in Switzerland, this first dynasty rules in Austria, where they ruled for over six centuries, but a series of dynastic marriages led them to Burgundy, Spain, Bohemia, Hungary, and other countries that they inherited. The Habsburgs dynasty named after their place of origin. It Habsburg castle in the Swiss canton of Aargau.
The motto of the Habsburg dynasty was: "Let others fight, but you, happy Austria, shall marry". And this motto clearly indicates the talent of the Habsburgs to arrange everything so that members of their dynasty intermarried with members of other royal families, made alliances and possess the land. Empress Maria Theresa (Maria Theresa) was quite prominent representative of the dynasty, and sometimes about it referred to as a "great-grandmother of Europe".
8. The Ptolemaic Dynasty
Ptolemaic dynasty was a Hellenistic Macedonian royal family that ruled his empire in Egypt for nearly three centuries, from the 305th BC. e. 30-year BC. e. Ptolemy, one of the seven people who have served the generals and representatives of Alexander the Great, was appointed satrap of Egypt after the death of Alexander the Great in 323, the year BC. e. A 305 m-BC. e. he declared himself king Ptolemy I, who later became known as "Soter" (that is, "Savior").
Soon the Egyptians began to perceive the Ptolemies as the successors to the pharaohs of independent Egypt. This dynasty ruled Egypt until the Roman conquest in the 30th BC. e. The most famous representative of this dynasty was Cleopatra VII, which is known because of the role it has played in the political struggle between Julius Caesar and Pompey, and later - between Octavian and Mark Antony. Her suicide after the conquest of Egypt by Rome marked the end of Ptolemaic rule in Egypt.
9. The Medici dynasty
The Medici family was a powerful and influential family in Florence from the 13th to the 17th century. This family had three popes (Leo X, Clement VII, and Leo XI), and there were numerous rulers of Florence, among which stands out Lorenzo the Magnificent, under whose patronage has created several best-known masterpieces of the Renaissance. Later, representatives of the dynasty became members of the French and English royal families. Like other prominent families, they dominated in the government of his native city. Therefore, these conditions were created in Florence, in which art and humanism could flourish. They stood at the cradle of the Italian Renaissance, along with other prominent families, such as Visconti and Sforza of Milan, the Este of Ferrara and the Gonzaga of Mantua. Bank Medici dynasty was prosperous and one of the most respected in Europe. Largely thanks to him they acquired political power initially in Florence, and later in Italy and in Europe.
10. Dynasty Capet
Capet - the biggest European royal house. It includes all of the direct descendants of Hugh Capet of France. King Juan Carlos of Spain and Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg - members of the dynasty, which are connected with it through the Bourbon dynasty. In the past several centuries Capet spread throughout Europe, they run a variety of structural units of the state, from small estates to the kingdoms. Besides the fact that they are the largest of the royal dynasty in Europe, they are also very incestuous family, especially for the Spanish monarchy. Many years have passed since Capet ruled most of Europe, but today they are here and there still remained. Currently, for example, two members of this dynasty still ruled in Luxembourg and Spain. In addition, there are seven contenders representing dynastic monarchy in Brazil, France, Spain, Portugal, Parma and Two Sicilies. The current law a member of the family - Luis Alfonso, Duke of Anjou. Overall, dozens of branches of the Capetian dynasty was still there throughout Europe.