Russian volcanoes erupted over the past 10 years
In our country, there are about two hundred different volcanoes. Most of the territory is located on the Kamchatka and the Kuril Islands, and in the number includes 8, 3% of the total number of active volcanoes in the world. Here are 10 of them that have erupted over the past 10 years.
Volcano Berg (Last eruption: 2005).
It is an active volcano located on the island of Urup, in a large ridge of islands of the Kuril archipelago. Included in the group of rock bells. The absolute height of 1040 m. In the history of known and recorded Berg's eruption in 1946, 1951, 1952, 1970, 1973 and 2005. At the moment it is fixed and thermal fumarole activity. The flora and fauna of the volcano is quite scarce on its slopes grow alder shrubs, as well as nesting cormorants and gulls.
Chikurachki (Last eruption: 2008).
Complex stratovolcano with a summit crater, formed from 40 to 50 thousand years ago. Located on the north end of the ridge Karpinski. The absolute height of 1816 m. One of the most active volcanoes in the Kuril Islands. Eruptions of 1853 and 1986. It was the strongest (Plinian type). Between the eruption of the volcano is in a state of weak fumarole activity.
Sarychev Peak (Last eruption: 2009).
Stratovolcano Somma-Vesuvius type on the island of Matua Greater Kurile chain; one of the most active volcanoes Kuriles. The absolute height of 1446 m. The most powerful volcanic activity took place from 12 to 15 June 2009. It manifested itself in the gathering of pyroclastic flows, pyroclastic surges, after lava flows. Pyroclastic flows reached the sea, and in some places its banks receded by 400 meters. These streams are covered glaciers in the southeastern part of the volcano, which caused extensive melting of snow and, as a result of coming off lahars. As a result of the eruption of the island area has increased by 1, 5 square. km, and the volcano surface dropped to 40 mm, and moved north about 30 mm. On the area to 30 square meters. km killed vegetation.
Ebeko (Last eruption: 2010).
Advanced stratovolcano multiple vertex craters. Located in the north of the island; in the north part Vernadskogo ridge. The absolute height of 1156 m. One of the most active volcanoes in the Kuril Islands. During the eruption in September 1859, a pair of thick sulfuric closed Shumshu neighboring island, causing residents of nausea and headache.
Flat Tolbachik (Last eruption: 2012).
Tolbachiksky - volcanic massif in the east of Kamchatka, in the south-western part of Klyuchevskoy group of volcanoes. It includes acute Tolbachik (3682 m) and Flat Tolbachik (3140 m) disposed on a pedestal ancient shield volcano. A new fissure eruption began November 27, 2012 with the opening of a crack about 5 km in length a few kilometers south of the caldera. The lava flow poured South Center located at the foot of the volcano hospital IVS FED RAS (former base of "Leningrad"), as well as the building of the natural park base "Volcanoes of Kamchatka".
Kizimen (Last eruption: 2013).
Located on the western slope of the southern tip of the ridge Tumrok, 115 km from Milkovo village, 265 km from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. The absolute height of 2376 m. During the eruption in 2009 in the Valley of Geysers, some active geysers. Before the eruption in the crater was extrusive lava tube. May 3, 2009 at 9:00 am and Kizimen intensified lava tube is literally split into small volcanic rocks as a result of which the ashes scattered in the most of the Kronotsky Biosphere Reserve.
Unnamed (Last eruption: 2013).
The volcano on the Kamchatka Peninsula, near Klyuchevskoy hills, about 40 km from the village of Ust-Kamchatsky Keys area. The absolute height of the volcano -. 2882 m The most famous eruption Nameless occurred in 1955-1956. The height of the eruption cloud reached a height of about 35 km. The eruption formed horseshoe crater 1, 3 km, open to the east. At the eastern foot of the volcano in the area of 500 square meters. km shrubs and trees were broken and fell away from the volcano.
Klyuchevskaya Sopka (Last eruption: 2013).
Stratovolcano on the east of Kamchatka. It is the highest active volcano on the Eurasian continent. The volcano is about 7,000 years old, and its height varies from 4750 to 4850 m or more above sea level. The latest eruption began August 15, 2013 August 26 was marked by the first lava flow on the southwest flank of the volcano, in the future poured out 4 of the lava flow. October 15-20 there was the culminating phase of the volcano eruption ash column to rise up to 10-12 km. An ash plume stretches southwest from Klyuchevskoy. In villages and Lazo Atlasovo passed ash falls, the thickness of the precipitated ash is about two millimeters.
karymsky (Last eruption: 2014).
The volcano is located on the Kamchatka Peninsula, within the Eastern Range. It refers to the stratovolcano. The absolute height of 1468 m. It is an active volcano, with 1852 recorded more than 20 eruptions. Near karymsky in neighboring caldera of an ancient volcano is Karymskoe lake. When a powerful underwater explosion in 1996 in the lake were killed almost all living things.
Sheveluch (Last eruption: March 2015).
The volcano on the Kamchatka Peninsula within the East Ridge. The most northerly active volcano of Kamchatka. The absolute height of 3307 m. June 27, 2013 early in the morning Sheveluch threw a column of ash up to 10 kilometers above sea level, in the village of Keys located 47 km from the volcano ash falls took place, the streets of the village priporoshit layer redheaded ash millimeter thick. October 18 after the volcano Kluchevskoy Sheveluch threw a column of ash height of 7,600 meters. February 7, 2014 threw a column of ash height of over 11,000 meters. May 13, 2014 the volcano threw three ash column to a height of 7 to 10 km.