10 richest people in history
• 10 richest people in the history of
The American weekly Time magazine has compiled a list of ten of the richest and most influential people of all times and nations.
Let's start from last place.
According to the magazine Time The, rounded out the top-10 richest rulers in the history of one of the most successful military commanders of all time, the founder of the Mongol Empire, Genghis Khan (1206 - 1227). The founder and the first Great Khan of the Mongol Empire, uniting the scattered Mongol tribes; commander, organized the conquest of the Mongols in China, Central Asia, the Caucasus and Eastern Europe.
In the ninth line is "the most wealthy people from living people," Bill Gates. Forbes estimates the net worth of Microsoft founder of assets 78.9 billion.
Until June 2008, Bill Gates was head of the company, after leaving office remained in its position of non-executive Chairman of the Board of Directors. He is one of the champions on the size of the funds transferred to charity: between 1994 and 2010, Gates has invested in the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation more than $ 28 billion.
In the eighth Time magazine placed the Breton knight Alain Rufus (c. 1040-1089). At the time of his death in 1093 his condition was 11 thousand pounds - about 7% of the GDP of England at the time (based on the exchange rate in 2014 - 194 billion dollars). He participated in the Norman conquest of England, and was the founder of Richmond Castle.
The seventh place was the founder of the American company Standard Oil, John D. Rockefeller (1839-1937), a condition which in 1918 was estimated at 1, 5 billion dollars or in terms of the course of the last year - 341 billion dollars.
John D. Rockefeller and his son in 1915:
The sixth position - "the richest American of all time", the owner of US Steel Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919), has a fortune of 372 billion dollars, based on the exchange rate in 2014.
"The best legacy for the young man is to be born in poverty"
In the fifth line was Joseph Stalin, "which controlled one of the largest economies in the world." Time notes that even though the wealth of the USSR did not belong to him personally, Stalin was able to manage the Soviet economic power.
The fourth place is given to Akbar I the Great (1542 - 1605), padishah the Mughal Empire, which accounted for about a quarter of world production. Under his rule, indicators GDP per capita was comparable indicators c of England under Elizabeth I, and the local elite was richer European aristocrats.
Abul Fazl Akbar padishah presents the book "Akbarname". Miniature. "Akbarname" 1596-1597 gg.
Closes the three leaders of the richest Chinese Emperor Shen-Tsung (1048 - 1085), in the 11th century to manage one of the most economically powerful states, which produces 30% of world GDP.
In the second place of the list - the founder of the Roman Empire, Octavian Augustus (23 September 63 BC, Rome -.. August 19, 14 BC..). During his reign, Octavian greatly expanded the borders of the Roman state, incorporating in its composition a large area on the Rhine and the Danube, in Spain, as well as Egypt, Judea and Galatia. According to economists, the Emperor's condition was equivalent to about 4.6 trillion US dollars based on the exchange rate in 2014.
The rich man edition recognized ruler of the medieval state of Mali Mansu Musa (1312 - 1337). According to the professor of the American College Ferrum Richard Smith's history, during the reign of Musa state it was the largest producer of gold, so his wealth is impossible to calculate precisely.