Ordos - China "City of the Future", which became the largest ghost town
• Ordos - China "City of the Future", which became the largest ghost town
About 15 years ago, a thriving coal mining prompted local authorities to invest money in the development of the city, which would become the new center of culture, economics and politics. The new city of Ordos, also known as Kangbashi, calculated per one million inhabitants. Built in it a massive conceptual architectural projects, residential towers, cultural and sports facilities.
"The whole city is like a post-apocalyptic space station from the sci-fi movie", - says the photographer Rafael Olivier, who visited it and made a series of photographs titled "Ordos - unfulfilled utopia." With this author frames offer found below.
Ordos is located in the province of Inner Mongolia. This area is one-sixth of China's coal reserves.
In the late '90s and early 2000s, the private mining companies have the right to develop these deposits. The development of the mining industry has led to large tax revenues.
"The local authorities decided to build from scratch, this is extremely ambitious city", - says Olivier. In 2005, hundreds of millions invested in infrastructure and real estate.
But by 2010 it became clear that the demand for the latter-day housing market absent. According to Olivier, high property taxes deter families from moving to the Ordos.
In addition, the "new city" of Ordos stands just a few kilometers from the prosperous provincial "Old Town". "People just do not see the point in moving" - Olivier said.
"As a result, only government officials and builders workers considered it expedient to settle here, and most of the city is not settled", - says Olivier.
In 2010, 90% of the apartments were empty.
City Art Museum "is similar to the landing facility", as stated by the architects MAD Architects.
The last few years, the local government is making efforts to attract residents. Peasants bribe "generous compensation and a free apartment" just to have moved.
Public institutions from the neighborhood, 32 km traveled in the Ordos to attract public servants to resettle closer to their place of work.
The Ordos were subsidiaries of good universities. Empty apartment buildings converted into dormitories, where students were accommodated. As a result of these efforts Ordos population grew to 100 000 people. But it is difficult to give an exact number of inhabitants. Some believe that the government is covering up the numbers, not to disclose urban planning disaster.
The Government considered that enough "to build a city, and the people will come." This is a common problem in China, where officials hope to increase by 2020 the urban population more than doubled.
The cities of Ordos designed for the relocation of the masses from the countryside. But people are not always ready for such. "This phenomenon is like a cancer for the development of the country and poses a serious threat to the Chinese economy", - says Olivier. (China's economy is export-oriented and serious degree felt the global crisis. Resettle people in the city, the authorities plan to increase domestic consumption).