How to serve the largest plane
• How to service the biggest airplane
A few days ago I visited Domodedovo and looked as serve the largest passenger aircraft A380 on the platform - from takeoff to landing.
Airbus A380 - double-decker widebody chetyrehdvigatelny jet airliner, the largest serial airliner in the world.
The height of about 24 meters, 73 meters length, wing span of 78 meters, a capacity of 525 passengers in three-class cabin layout or 853 in the single-class passenger configuration.
Can make non-stop flights on distance up to 15,400 km.
At Domodedovo Dubai daily committed two regular flights airline Emirates, mainly in the aircraft and Airbus330 Boeing777, and during the Christmas holidays due to an increase in passenger traffic put the A380.
For the first time in Russia A380 landed in 2009. By this time, the Domodedovo airport was reconstructed runway to 75 meters, allowing to accept aircrafts of this type. They were also purchased special tractors, machines for deicing treatment and special jetways.
The maximum takeoff weight - 560 tons (280 tonnes of the aircraft itself), currently the A380 is also the largest passenger aircraft in the world, surpassing Boing747 capacity, which can only carry up to 525 passengers.
Even though that band before landing a well-cleaned, included reverse engines raises a small cloud of snow on all the surrounding lawns.
After landing the aircraft is distilled to the trap by using a special tractor SCHOPF F396C, which is best suited for towing at high speed and is optimum for use with A380.
Red beacons serve as lights, warning collisions - anticollision lights. Complex white strobe beacons is used to indicate that something is blinking - the plane, rather than something else.
tractor engine power is 300 kW (408 HP), and the working weight can vary from 45 to 70 tons.
This variation depends on the towing capacity: the greater the mass of the aircraft, the large mass (for balance) is installed on the tractor.
Airport had to buy two-level jetways height of almost five-story building so that people can get from the plane to the terminal.
to dock is ready!
The first thing after setting the ladder Peron agent is connected to a special connector to communicate with the crew on the intercom.
By the way, landing gear made of Russian titanium (VSMPO-Avisma, a major supplier of titanium to the West).
tractor driver fills out a report - when, where and who towed.
F396C truck with four-wheel drive is equipped with an automatic transmission and is designed for towing any wide-body aircraft.
At that time, the apron begins preparation for the exit of passengers.
In order to comply with the requirements adopted by airlines, the A380 An operator (for example, 25 minutes and 15 minutes of landing on disembarkation of passengers), as well as the comfort of premium passengers at Domodedovo commissioned triple teletrap Apron Drive Spanish production.
While a conventional ladder rises to a height of 5, 4 meters, Apron Drive is able to reach the upper deck at the level of 8, 5 meters. His system allows it to move in three axes - in length, the height and to the sides, creating a maximum flexibility during the docking maneuver the aircraft, but it occupies a minimum area of the platform.
are arranged around the plane bright cones to indicate the size and boundaries of the sun parking.
The aircraft big, you need a lot of cones.
With the help of a flashlight tire inspected thoroughly for damage. you never know what ...
By the way, many do not know, but to the tractor by means of a plane mesh that's this yellow stuff - it is called the carrier and for each aircraft type requires different. At the A380 led length 3650 mm Cavotec manufactured.
Each of the main landing gear capable of withstanding loads up to 260 tons, which is equivalent to the weight of 200 cars Golf-class.
begins service. Domodedovo workers open cargo bay with a special button to flap.
After the cargo compartments are open, customize Autolifts - lifting mechanism of "double scissors" with a range of heights served from 3000 to 8400 mm. Due to this measure Autolifts can serve the upper deck of the A380 (there is a bar just for business class passengers).
To the left you can see how the plane is charged.
In the bow of the work truck transporters of cargo pallets and containers Trepel CHAMP family.
The functions of these trucks: Front Platform - longitudinal travel / main platform - longitudinal travel, a reversal in the back, side loading in the front / rear.
Cover for loader control panel.
catering service takes the leftovers of dirty dishes and downloads new for the next flight.
In the rear there is a simultaneous unloading of containers with cargo (mail, for example, but whatever) and passenger luggage.
by Baggage automatic tape enters the closed container and goes to the airport baggage receiving area where is scanned and sent to the tape dispensing. baggage from time to dock ramp is on average from 15 to 30 minutes.
The carrier containers are for the next party.
container number and membership of the airline.
The aircraft is on the platform for 2 hours, during which time its time to fill, unload and load baggage and cargo, food, land and start new passengers previously spent cleaning on both decks.
After all took their seats, begins the most beautiful effect - deaysing, he's watering Aircraft De-Icing composition.
The Elephant Beta-15 Deicer - the most "high-altitude" Domodedovo aerodrome equipment.
Specially designed boom raises the driver's cab at a height of over 15 meters above the ground and above the sprayer nozzle 23 meters (the height of five-story building!)
The proportional hydraulic system does all the moves "Elephant" smooth and provides a wide range of de-icing and high horizontal coverage.
During the stay of the aircraft at the airport on the fuselage, the stabilizer, the left and right wing of the plane may accumulate fallen snow, freezing rain water or frost form. All these formations may adversely affect the aircraft flight qualities, therefore, snow, ice or frost should be removed.
The temperature of the composition from +60 to +82 ° C and evaporating, the frost it creates tremendous picture.
to shed thoroughly every centimeter of the surface of the wing and tail stabilizers.
To this we can see forever!
Serve "elephant" 4 "elephant".
A380 - the most economical jet in its category. He consumes less than three liters of fuel per passenger per 100 kilometers. Now in addition to Moscow and St. Petersburg, Airbus A380 can take the Novosibirsk airport Tolmachevo. Superliner direct flight from Russia yet.
The final touches - producing communicate with the crew on the intercom until ready to fly.
Then detached, smiles and waves. You can often notice of such issuer, if you sit near the windows in the front of the aircraft.
a soft landing at the Dubai and look forward to return visit!
That's the beauty.