10 of the most famous and influential women in Russian history

Unlike many other countries, Russian women have never been solely on the sidelines. They have made significant contributions to the scientific, cultural and spiritual life of the people, were political games, intrigued, ruled the country and changed history. In this selection of 10 of the most famous and influential women in the history of our state.

10 of the most famous and influential women in Russian history

Marina Mniszek

Daughter Sandomierz Voivode Jerzy Mnishek Tarlo and Jadwiga, wife of the pretender False Dmitry I, Marina Mniszek became the first woman in the history of Russia, which is crowned on the throne. Shortly before the death of his wife of False Dmitry I, Mnishek was officially crowned as the Russian queen. She later became the wife of the next pretender, False Dmitry II, and actively participated in all the major events of the Time of Troubles. And yet, it is Marina Mniszek brought from Europe to Russia fork. Before it was used only spoons.

10 of the most famous and influential women in Russian history

Sophia Alekseevna

Princess, daughter of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich and regent for the younger brother Peter and Ivan. Sophia without exaggeration be called the main loser in the history of Russian statehood. Twice she tried to come to power and twice for this purpose raised a Royal uprising. But still, what it has achieved - a regency with younger brothers. As an adult her brother Peter, who was later called "the Great", took power into their own hands, and Sophia exiled in the Novodevichy Convent.

10 of the most famous and influential women in Russian history

Eudoxia of Moscow

Daughter of Grand Duke Dmitry Konstantinovich of Suzdal, as well as the wife of Grand Duke of Moscow, Dmitry Ivanovich, better known as Dmitry Donskoy. Evdokia was married at age 13, her husband at the time was 15. This marriage was the key to the termination of the internecine struggle of Moscow and Suzdal-Nizhny Novgorod principalities. Together they lived happily for 22 years. And when in 1389, Dmitry Donskoy died, Eudoxia of Moscow actually stood at the head of the Moscow principality, being Curatrix succession among the sons. She was one of the most educated women of his era, built churches, as well as defense of Moscow and all Russia from the invasion of Tamerlane, managing to collect the militia.

10 of the most famous and influential women in Russian history

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Anna of

According to the plan of the Supreme Council, Anna Ivanovna had become a "puppet ruler", and all power was concentrated in the hands of powerful boyars clans. But to become a puppet of Anna Ivanovna absolutely did not want to, so using loyal nobles and personal guards, has regained full power, becoming autocratic empress.

10 of the most famous and influential women in Russian history

Catherine I

The widow of Peter the Great, after his death, almost a corporate raid with the help of the Preobrazhensky regiment came to power and took the throne. However, her reign lasted very long - only two years. And the real power she had only an indirect relationship, giving the management of the country nobles. When Catherine I, was created by the Supreme Privy Council, where the narrow circle of top officials could control the Russian Empire under the formal chairmanship of the Empress. It is named in honor of her city of Yekaterinburg and established the Order of St. Catherine.

10 of the most famous and influential women in Russian history

Alexandra Feodorovna

Fate decreed that Alexandra was the last empress of the Russian Empire. Nicholas II's wife, it is not very loved by the high society of the country, since she herself was indifferent to secular receptions. Her, a German by birth, was accused of spying for Germany, said that she was a bad influence on the king, and let into the inner circle of power Rasputin. But Alexandra Feodorovna was above all these rumors, she worked as a nurse, and organized hospitals and infirmaries. And he said before his death that "it is better to die in Russia than be rescued by the Germans."

10 of the most famous and influential women in Russian history

Ekaterina Vorontsova-Dashkova

A friend and associate of the future Empress Catherine II, an active participant in a coup in 1762. To her we owe the appearance of the "E" letter in our alphabet. And in general, Young's was one of the most influential personalities of the Russian Enlightenment, stood at the origins of the Russian Academy. In her memoirs contain valuable information about the reign of Peter III and the accession of Catherine II.

10 of the most famous and influential women in Russian history

Princess Olga

The wife of Grand Prince of Kiev Igor old, who was the son of Rurik. She was the first woman to rule Kievan Rus' for 17 years. However, after the age of Svyatoslav she remained the de facto ruler, because her son was most of the time spent in military campaigns and did not pay enough attention to the state administration. Olga was the first ruler of Russia, who converted to Christianity before the Baptism of Russia.

10 of the most famous and influential women in Russian history

Elizabeth

The youngest daughter of Peter I and Catherine I, given birth in the two years prior to their marriage, Elizabeth was the main beauty and fashionistas of the Russian Empire. In all kinds of balls, masquerades and secular receptions Elizabeth always set the tone and was a trendsetter. In her wardrobe, there were about 15 thousand dresses. And yet, just when Elizabeth Russian troops first took Berlin.

10 of the most famous and influential women in Russian history

Catherine II of

Daughter of Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst, Catherine came to power in a palace coup that toppled from the throne of her unpopular husband Peter III. The era of her reign was marked by maximum enslavement of peasants and comprehensive extension of privileges of the nobility. When Catherine the Great borders of the Russian Empire were considerably apart on the west and south. Culturally, Russia finally became one of the great European powers, was greatly fostered by the Empress, was fond of literary activities, collect masterpieces of painting and was in correspondence with French philosophers.