How to create the cartoon "The Bremen Town Musicians"
More than 45 years ago on the screens of the Soviet Union came out absolutely unusual for the time cartoon - "The Bremen Town Musicians".
The bold story of four musicians a la "The Beatles", which led by their leader - Troubadour traveled throughout the kingdom was "a breath of freedom" not so much for children as for adults Soviet.
According to the poet Yuri Entin, who composed verses to all the songs sounding in "The Bremen Town Musicians," the idea to create this "cartoon-musical" came to creators suddenly and quite spontaneously: "In the courtyard stood the 1960s, foreign ruled the world of hippies, even we hovered some unreal scent of freedom.
And we were very young, and we desperately wanted to do something razedakoe. "And today, after almost half a century since the advent of the cartoon, we can safely say that the creative" impulse of the soul "was successful at 100%.
First, the script calls a cartoon horror. Directed cartoon, Inessa Kovalevskaya says: "When I read the script of the four beasts that roam the world, meet the robbers, frighten them, and then take up residence in their house, I was horrified.
But this nonsense is not yet filmed, and the cartoon was supposed to make an unusual - in the form of a musical. And I decided - dare! Only a drop of redo ... "By thoroughly remaking a hand Vassily Livanov, as the author of the script. It was he who suggested to make the artistic director of amateur "animal" ensemble - a man - Troubadour.
A composer Gennady Gladkov suddenly dawned on me: "The tale must be love!" So there was a cartoon princess. Well, what about the Princess but without the King and his retinue Guard? So gradually, and I was born all the characters of the story. When a ready-made script shown leadership "Soyuzmultfilm", nothing out of the ordinary, it is not noticed and the cartoon went to work.
How to Draw Troubadour
In draft form, all the characters of the cartoon look more than decent. Princess in the lush lace, Troubadour in fool's cap, ornate palace chamber. But soon was in the air at the time of "the spirit of the hippies" had done its work, and appearance of the main characters have undergone significant changes. Kovalevskaya recalls: "In some foreign journals I saw with blond hair under the" Beatles "and flared jeans.
And there - the girl in the red dress ultrashort. They are so shocked my imagination that in a few days I was almost in the form of an ultimatum to our artist said: "This is what should be the Troubadour and the Princess!" Fortunately, he happily supported me. " Interestingly, the Princess has its own, very real prototype.
She drew a spouse Yuri Entin. As the poet says: "That is the red dress that you see in the movie, I bought her for forty rubles, there she was at the wedding. And the smooth and Lebanon were our witnesses. " Artists and animators have long puzzled over the images of the robbers. Well, in any way they could not find decent characters.
Robbers drew and oblique, and the lame, and the red and the one-eyed - all wrong. And once the studio has got a calendar with a picture of the famous movie trinity Vitsin, Morgunov and Nikulin. Ever since "fate" of thieves has been resolved.
Troubadour voice according to the plans of the cartoon creators was to be Oleg Anofriev. To voice Princess offered a popular soloist while the quartet "Accord" - Zoe Kharabadze and sing for atamansha - Zinovy Gerdt. But at the appointed time only Oleg Anofriev and then appeared in a recording studio, in order to alert the operator that he is ill and can not be recorded.
Much later, in the studio Zinovy Gerdt phoned and asked to postpone the recording, because today it will not work. And Zoe Kharabadze generally refused to participate in the work on the cartoon, do not consider it necessary even to give any explanation. The director could not bear cartoon dubbing, deadlines are already "burned" and Kovalevskaya hardly persuaded Anofrieva sing one.
The singer said: "I first posoprotivlyatsya, but me and myself suddenly wondering: will I be able to voice one of the characters. We have tried, and I got a taste so I wanted to sing even for the Princess! Sorry, the authors have not given: they prove to be a quick agreement with the familiar singer Elmira Zherzdevoy.
We worked all night. And when in the morning I measured the temperature, the thermometer showed 36, 6. Here it is, the great power of art! "
"The Bremen Town Musicians" are to blame for the collapse of the country?
Cartoon with a pronounced "hippie" storyline is surprisingly easily passed strict censorship "Soyuzmultfilm". But then we began complexity. "How can I show the kids cartoons in which they sing:" We - the robbers, thieves, robbers. Bang-bang - and you're dead, dead, dead! "- outraged viewers of the older generation.
Some directors have even argued that the "Bremen Town Musicians" adversely affect the Soviet youth, and even (!) Bring the collapse of the country. And, as you might expect, the creative team of "The Bremen Town Musicians" accused of promoting "the corrupting influence of the West," officially, and cartoon, despite its popularity, has not received any awards.
A director Inessa Kovalevskaya due to "terrible visuals and vivid manifestation of unprofessionalism" not even admitted to the Union of Cinematographers. Yuri Entin says: "Stones in our garden were thrown all and sundry. I remember, we are very sensitive to criticism. But the years passed - and now I think the time of our crazy and rebellious youth with tenderness. "
"We palaces enticing vaults" ...
Oleg Anofriev also suffered from the rebellious spirit "Bremen Town Musicians". The fact that soon after the cartoon, he was invited to the Kremlin Palace of Congresses, to speak in a large government concert. Songs from the cartoon were not included in the concert repertoire.
But then, entering the image Anofriev, pointing to the government stands, from the stage sang: "We palaces attractive arches not replace never freedom". Officials were offended. As a result, the next few years Oleg Anofriev never recorded and performed. Wrath of those in power was very strong. The singer even removed from the scoring continued cartoon "On the Trail of the Bremen Town Musicians". In the second part of the Troubadour and the other characters have already voiced Muslim Magomayev.