The most mysterious mechanism of ancient civilization
• The most mysterious mechanism of the ancient civilization of
The first computers appeared long before electricity was discovered. They used different principles of operation and have been quite complex in terms of the mechanisms. At first, in this theory, few believed, but then divers raised from the bottom of Antikythera artifact. Sunken ship carrying precious cargo from one Greek island to another, and among the items on the board and was a computational mechanism.
Who is the creator?
Today, historians have every reason to assume that the ship was from the island of Rhodes. Here, in the II century BC, home of the famous ancient Greek astronomer, mathematician and philosopher Hipparchus of Nicea. Most likely, the author of the mysterious mechanism antikerskogo was he - though perhaps an unusual artefact invented and created an unknown nugget from the Greek province.
Although values were raised from the ship at the end of 1901, for a long time, no one had any idea of the existence of the mechanism. Archaeologists interested in more bright objects: from the board of the museum moved marble statues, lots of jewelry and other artifacts. Only May 17 1902 archaeologist Valerios Stais realized that he had fallen into his hands fragments are part of the same mechanism.
Half a century of oblivion
But it took another half-century before scientists guessed the true purpose of the mechanism. English historian Derek J. de Solla Price held a detailed study of the artifact remains and suggested that this mechanism - ancient calculating device. By the time the dating mechanism has been established for sure: the expedition of Jacques-Yves Cousteau discovered on the same ship coins, according to which the mechanism has been established in 85 BC. Now try to surprise the scientific community has realized that people used primitive, but still mechanically schislitelnym device for a hundred years before the birth of our Lord Jesus Christ!
In 1959, the American physicist Robert Price took an x-ray machinery and recreated his scheme. Complex structures pinion allowed ancient mariners simulate movement luminaries and even calculate the moon phases. Reconstruction Price used a differential gear - previously it was believed that it was invented only in the XVI century.
British scientist Michael Wright, specialist of the London Science Museum of mechanical devices, conducted a new study. But only in 2002, Wright was able to recreate a complete reconstruction: it turned out that Antikersky mechanism allows you to simulate not only the movement of the sun and moon, but Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn.
In 2016, researchers presented the results of his many years of research. On the remaining 82 fragments device able to decipher the letters in 2000, including 500 words. All the same description, according to scientists, could hold 20,000 characters. They commented on the appointment of the device, in particular, the definition of a date 42 astronomical phenomena. In addition, it laid the prediction function, in particular, determines the color and size of a solar eclipse, and of him and the power of the winds of the sea (the Greeks have inherited this belief from the Babylonians). The instrument itself was placed on the 35 parallel, probably in Rhodes.