These places need to have time to visit before their disappearance
• These places need to have time to visit before their disappearance
Media so often tell us about the climate of the Earth and landscape associated with the life of humanity, that we have ceased to attach great importance to this. Global warming - talking about him for decades, but we did not feel improvement of the world's oceans as a far away from us, and is not perceived as a threat.
Meanwhile, there are a lot of great parts of our planet, to which these changes have a profound and devastating impact.
We have compiled a list of places - ornaments of our planet, which we are in danger of losing because of global warming, industry influence or great tourist activity.
Taj Mahal, Agra, India
According to many scientists, this beautiful snow-white mausoleum once there are not more than 5 years. Several reasons for this: the pollution of the river Yamuna, which washes the foundation of the Taj Mahal, has led to the fact that the foundation beams have begun to rot, and the endless tourists harm the marble floor and walls of the building. According to UNESCO's request mausoleum may close to visitors in a short time.
The glaciers of Antarctica
After analyzing the images from NASA satellites, scientists have concluded that the rate of melting of glaciers in Antarctica during the last 10 years has been simply disastrous. Since 2003 the ice has become thinner in some areas almost a meter, and on-site ice slopes today you can see the hills. The situation is aggravated meltwater, which is eroding, glaciers are destroying faster than warming. In order to somehow reduce the impact on the environment, in the region of Antarctica have reduced the number of cruises, and in the near future they plan to ban all.
Pool Yangtze River, China
The construction of a giant dam, shipping, industrial and agricultural wastes, deforestation - all this leads to the destruction of the flora and fauna of the Yangtze River. Chinese sturgeon, finless porpoise, Chinese alligator - all of these rare species of animals that live in the Yangtze, are on the verge of extinction.
1,190 islands and atolls of the Maldives archipelago are completely at sea level (the highest point of the island - 2, 4 meters). Due to the melting of glaciers the water level in the oceans rises, and it threatens the complete flooding of Maldives. State authorities are preparing for flooding by buying land and houses to their fellow citizens on the mainland (mainly in India).
The Great Barrier Reef
More acidic water, a large number of tourists, warming - all these factors lead to the destruction of the Great Barrier Reef. But most of all a situation exacerbated tropical storms and sea stars that feed on coral polyps. From 1985 to 2013 killed more than 50% of the total body, and only a quarter can stay for another 10 years. How to deal with hurricanes and warming on a global scale, scientists still do not understand, but maintain biological control and reduce them by virtue of the population of starfish.
The Dead Sea
Since 1970, the water level in the Dead Sea fell by 30 meters. The reason for this - first of all mining operations on the territory of the sea and the use of 80% of the tributaries flowing into the sea. The sea disappears, leaving emerging areas of land sinkholes, which adversely affect the ecosystem of the coastal areas. To save the Dead Sea Canal from the Red Sea planed to it, but in this case, the composition of the water and the old view of the salt pond will never be as before.
The Galapagos Islands
Galapagos - home of nearly 10,000 rare species of animals, it is a visit to this archipelago inspired Charles Darwin's work on the theory of evolution. Unfortunately, the endless stream of tourists, poachers, running along the island cruise ships has led to the fact that the island ecosystem is in poor condition, and many representatives of fauna and flora - Endangered.
"Everglades" National Park, Florida, USA
Reservoirs of this beautiful US fleet in whose territory inhabited by dozens of rare species of animals, dry, because the water is pumped out of them for the surrounding farms and cities. Swamps, which occupy a large area of the park, contaminated waste, and ecosystem collapses. Since 1900, the park area has been halved, and at risk of extinction are animals such as the Florida panther ( "Everglades" - the only place this species), turtles, manatees.
Angara River, Russia
Once the pure world river may disappear from the Earth, becoming dirty long chain reservoirs filled with oil emissions of mercury and copper compounds. In some areas right now it is not recommended to eat fish caught in the river. Due to the bad environment in the area of the Angara on the verge of extinction are sturgeon, sturgeon, trout, as well as unique Angara pine - the pride of Siberia.
Venice is sinking - the water level rises by 1 millimeter per year, and by 2100 the city could disappear completely. Fuel to the fire adds a large number of visitors: 60 000 per day instead of the norm, which can withstand the ancient city in 30 000 Waves cruise liners are also harmful to Venice - they erode the foundation. One of the most beautiful cities on the planet trying to save - have banned the entry of cruise liners in the central part of the plan to impose restrictions on the number of tourists, but the sea that once gave Venice's wealth and prosperity, continue to destroy it. It's sad that all these places in a few decades, our descendants will be able to see only colorful pictures on the net. Saving the planet on a global scale, of course, the case of special organizations, professionals and entire countries, but we believe that to make a small contribution to the common cause everyone can - for example, staying cultural tourist while traveling to historic sites, outings, as well as prudent use of natural resources.