8 mysterious underground cities
• 8 mysterious underground cities
Passion for the caves remained in humans since ancient times. Throughout the history of civilization, we dug into the earth in search of a safe town: the primitive huts of the past, the medieval underground cities, modern silos - and mysterious, buried two hundred meters into megacities, where only ghost walk today.
On the territory of Cappadocia scattered several small underground villages, but Derinkuyu significantly stands out among all the others. Archaeologists have dated this labyrinthine complex VIII century BC. Derinkuyu underground goes down by as much as 18 levels. In this shelter the fugitives had nothing to fear long siege - a completely self-contained metropolis could survive without supplies from the surface. Surprisingly, the huge structure was found only in 1960, though by accident.
The north of France is another underground city. About five kilometers of tunnels and about 400 individual houses hidden in the 50 meters under the wooded plateau. In the third century AD, the Romans made a career here. During the Middle Ages abandoned quarry was extended to local lyudom: it was just necessary at constant wars and wobbly all over Europe mercenaries such cache. Naur caves can accommodate up to three thousand inhabitants, which could lead usual life - the city had its own chapel, stables, wells and bakeries.
Wieliczka Salt Mine
Seven centuries, from XIII to XX people develop this huge salt deposits, prokapyvayas deeper into the bowels of the earth. Purified levels settle in and develop, with the result that the mine has become a real underground palace in the whole 7 storeys. The maximum depth is 200 meters and the Wieliczka tunnels stretch for as much as 300 kilometers.
In XII-XIII centuries, Ethiopia was ruled Zagwe, well-known to Europeans through one single king. Gebre Meskel Lalibela popularly was called the Holy of moderation in eating and a truly imperial ambition. Journey to Jerusalem struck an African ruler to the core - he returned home, he began to build a replica of the Eternal City. Of course, the Holy Sepulcher there was not, but at Lalibela went into the depth of the earth extensive catacombs.
Located on a hilltop town of Orvieto is known for its white wines and fine architecture. However, the main attractions are hidden under the ground. Digging first began mazes in this area by the ancient Etruscans. For many centuries, people have to expand and improve underground shelter until it turned him into a real city.
Perhaps this is the world's most famous underground city. Strictly speaking, formally called Peter underground can not, because of its famous temples were cut by skilled architects directly into the rock. The city was built at the crossroads of caravan routes and flourished until the cunning Romans showed no local tribes more convenient and secure trade routes on the water.
Fast forward from the dusty past in relatively recent times. The Cold War (which threatened at any moment to be the most that neither is hot) has led to a mass escape underground - bunkers were built even in Australia. Special Center of Burlington was right under Corsham: under the ground planned to save the most important members of parliament. On this matter, Britain did not skimp. At the end of 1950, in 4000 complex (office space, a cafe, a telephone exchange, medical facilities and even its own studio BBC) I was ready. Burlington was dismantled only in 2004.
In 1960-70 the threat of nuclear war was a real China. Under the capital we have decided to build a giant shelter. In fact, the definition of its giant would rather belittling: a million Chinese could live here six months without experiencing any problems with the food and overcrowding. There's even a movie theater with a skating rink were!