A terrible war diary schoolgirl Tanya Savicheva

• The Last War Diary schoolgirl Tanya Savicheva

This diary 11-year-old schoolgirl Tanya Savicheva became one of the most frightening evidence of the horrors of war. These recordings girl kept during the siege of Leningrad in 1941, when famine carried off every month from the lives of her loved ones. A total of nine pages that Tanya terse reports about the death of native people, have become a real chronicle of death. Diary of Tanya Savicheva was presented at the Nuremberg Trials as evidence of the crimes of fascism. The girl survived the blockade, but did not recognize the long-awaited victory May 9, 1945

A terrible war diary schoolgirl Tanya Savicheva A terrible war diary schoolgirl Tanya Savicheva

Maria Ignatyevna Savicheva, mum Tanya

She was born in 1930 in a large family. She had 2 brothers and 2 sisters, they are in no need - his father owned a bakery in Leningrad, a bakery and a cinema. But after the private property began to alienate, family Savicheva sent over 101-km. Tanya's father was very upset by his helplessness and lack of money, and in March 1936 he died of cancer.

A terrible war diary schoolgirl Tanya Savicheva

Tanya Savicheva was 6 years old and 11 years old (right) with her niece Masha Putilovskaya a few days before the war, in June 1941

After his father's death Tanya with her mother, grandmother, brothers and sisters returned to Leningrad and settled in a house with relatives on the 2nd line of Vasilevsky Island. In June 1941, they were going to take a trip to visit friends in's Court, but were delayed due to the grandmother's birthday. On the morning of June 22, they congratulated her, and at 12:15 on the radio announced the beginning of the war.

A terrible war diary schoolgirl Tanya Savicheva

Grandma Tanya, Evdokia Arsenyev

The first months of all family members to provide possible assistance to the army: the sisters were digging trenches and donate blood for the wounded, quenched "lighter" Mom Tanya Maria Ignatyevna sewing shape for the soldiers. September 8, 1941 began the blockade of Leningrad. Autumn and winter were very heavy - on Hitler's plan, Leningrad should "stifle hunger and wipe out."

A terrible war diary schoolgirl Tanya Savicheva

A memorial plaque on the house where Tanya Savicheva lived. Basil Savitchev

A terrible war diary schoolgirl Tanya Savicheva

One day after work, he did not come home sister Tanya Nina. On this day there were strong attacks, and it was considered dead. Nina was a notebook, some of which - with the alphabet for the phone book - remained empty. It is there, Tanya and began to make their records.

A terrible war diary schoolgirl Tanya Savicheva

Leonid Savitchev

They had no fear, no complaints, no despair. Only by buying and concise statement of the terrible facts:

"December 28, 1941. Eugene died at 12.00 am 1941 ".

"Grandma died on January 25 at 3:00 in 1942".

"Leka died on March 17 at 5:00 am. 1942 ".

"Uncle Vasya died on April 13 at 2 am. 1942 ".

"Uncle Alex, May 10, at 4 pm. 1942 ".

"Mom - May 13, 7 hours 30 minutes in the morning. 1942 ".

"Savichevs died." "They all died." "There was one Tanya."

A terrible war diary schoolgirl Tanya Savicheva

Tanya Savicheva. Fragment group shot

Tanya never found out that not all of her family were killed. Sister Nina evacuated directly from the factory and taken to the rear - she did not notify the family. Brother Michael was at the front seriously wounded, but survived. Fainted from hunger Tanya found the sanitary team, bypassing the house. The girl was sent to an orphanage and was evacuated to Gorky Region, in a precarious settlement. From exhaustion, she could barely walk and was sick with tuberculosis. Within two years, the doctors fought for her life, but to save Tanya and failed - her body was too weakened by prolonged fasting. July 1, 1944 Tanya Savicheva was gone.

A terrible war diary schoolgirl Tanya Savicheva

Pages diary of Tanya Savicheva

Diary of Tanya Savicheva, who soon saw the whole world, found her sister Nina and her friend from the Hermitage presented these recordings in the exhibition "Heroic Defense of Leningrad" in 1946. Today, they are stored in the Museum of History of St. Petersburg, and copies spread throughout the world . Near the grave of Tanya Savicheva - wall with bas-relief and pages from her diary. These records are carved on a stone monument near the "Flower of Life" near St. Petersburg.

A terrible war diary schoolgirl Tanya Savicheva

The Diary of Tanya Savicheva in stone near the monument * Flower of Life * near St. Petersburg

A terrible war diary schoolgirl Tanya Savicheva

The Diary of Tanya Savicheva in stone near the monument * Flower of Life * near St. Petersburg