How are tea plantations in Sochi
• How are tea plantations in Sochi
tea Motherland - China, where this crop is grown from the IV century. In Japan and Korea, tea plantations appeared in the VI century, in India and Ceylon - in the 1 st half of the XIX century.
But tea plantations have in our country. In Russia, we learned about tea in the XVII century. Today, let's see how it looks Matsesta tea plantation in Sochi.
In Russia the first time tea was brought from Mongolia, then imported from China. In 1814, the Nikitsky botanical garden first tea bush was planted in the Crimea.
However, the Crimean climate proved to be unfavorable for the cultivation of tea, and tea plantations were laid on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus (1885). They are available in Georgia and Azerbaijan; in Russia - Krasnodar Territory.
The history of the Krasnodar tea began in 1901.
Until the mid-1990s tea-growing industry has been one of the leading sectors of agriculture in the Black Sea region. Squares tea plantations exceeded 1, 6 million hectares with them going over 7 million tons of green leaf tea produces about 2 million tons of finished tea.
A lot of it or a little - 7 thousand tons? The world production of tea lead India (ST. 975 thous. Tonnes), China (over 826 thous. Tonnes), Sri Lanka, (more than 340 ths. Tons). This culture is grown in Kenya, Argentina, Brazil, Turkey, Indonesia, Vietnam and other countries with warm, humid climate.
Prior to 1994, more than 700 acres of tea plantations have been provided with an automatic sprinkling system pulse with the rise of water to a height of 400 meters. tea growing profitability exceeded 45%. The main causes of decline in the tea-growing industry in the early 1990s were the sharp increase in the cost of tea production and reducing its competitiveness.
According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Industry of the Krasnodar Territory in 2015 has been collected - 328 tons of green tea leaves. Prior to 7000 tons is still far.
Currently, the cultivation and processing of tea in the Krasnodar region are engaged in several large and small enterprises, renting tea plantations.
And we wandered through the tea plantations Matsesta in Sochi.