What to read Soviet children in 1930s
• What to read Soviet children in 1930s
The 1920s and 1930s were a period of formation of the USSR. Along with the rise of the economy carried out active propaganda of the communist way of life. Led by the party, Soviet children are more likely to read is not a fairy tale, and most other books. From them they learned about Lenin, sugar beet, hydroelectric and five-year plans.
Cover and illustrations of the book "Children about Lenin", 1926.
Turn the notebook with pictures, "What we are building," which tells about the industry, agriculture and natural resources of the USSR, 1930.
It is difficult to find an equally compelling children's propagandistic books like the ones that were published in the Soviet Union in the 1920s and 1930s. The Bolsheviks rightly held that the "right" education since childhood is able to draw from the young people in the country the true patriots and instill high value.
It was necessary to eliminate the maintenance backlog from the West, to create a positive image for the difficult work in the agricultural sector, to make proud of the achievements of the Soviet Union.
"80,000 horses": the story in verse about the construction of the Volkhov hydroelectric station, 1925.
Illustrations from the book "How to become a sugar beet". Abandonment of children's fairy tales was not accidental. Instead, children's literature has received the book, focusing on more practical issues. For example, in "How to become a sugar beet" clearly shows the process of producing sugar. The "80,000 Horses" tells the story of the Volkhov hydroelectric station, the first built in the USSR.
"Five-Year Plan", 1930.
Cover and illustration from the book "Chimpanzees and marmoset", which contains instructions on how to sew a toy, 1930.
In some children's books were even practical tasks. "Chimpanzees and marmoset" contains instructions on making a toy monkey.
The illustrations of the children's book "a lot of us," the adventures of a Soviet boy, who lives in the city.
Illustration from the book "Millions of Lenin," in which two Indian boys became Soviet children, 1926.
In the children's Soviet literature of the 1920s and affected by other serious problems, such as emigration. In the book "Millions of Lenin" Leo Zilov two boys Hindu involved in the revolt against their ruler. Then they run out of the country, and after a series of adventures are in the USSR. There they watched the parade on the Red Square in front of the Lenin Mausoleum. They are dressed in warm clothes, but still in the traditional turban.
"A pole in America": the story of George Baydukova about his non-stop flight over the North Pole, 1938.
Also in the Soviet Union were popular books about the glorious achievements and heroes. In the book "A pole in America" published a story George Baydukova, test pilot, who with Chkalov and Levanevskogo make non-stop flights over the North Pole.
"Feat Mochina pioneer" - the story of a boy helping the Red Army, 1931.
An important theme of children's literature remained military service. Become the soldier of the Red Army and was sent to serve at the border has been a dream of many Soviet boys. In 1931 he published a book "The feat of pioneer Mochina". Its main character, a young pioneer, helping our fighters in Tajikistan. But even the authors of propaganda literature for children could not be sure about their lives. Author Alexander Vvedensky and artist Vera Ermolaeva became victims of one of Stalin's purges.
"The Red Army", 1929.