The most amazing archaeological finds in Egypt
The Egyptian pyramids - one of the wonders of the world, tysyachetletiyami fascinating mankind its mystery. How many secrets kept masses of the pyramids and the sphinx straight face! And the whole of Egyptian history is full of mysteries, and sometimes finds that scientists do in the ancient Giza, near the pyramids, and the entire former territory of ancient Egypt, more than raise questions rather than provide answers.
In the year 205 in the Sahara Italian archaeologists have discovered a strange rock carvings. He was silent about them for 11 years, not knowing how to interpret, and only in 2016 announced that the figures - the well-known Christian nativity scene with a crib and a baby in a manger. That's just the age of the rock frescos - no less than 5,000 years old, that is, it was made for three thousand years before the birth of Christ. What, then, shows rock painting? Mystery.
China remains the age of 40 million years
In 1902, in the desert Wadi Al-Hitan, archaeologists have found well-preserved remains of an ancient ancestor of the whale - basilosaurus who lived here 40 million years ago. The animal was either pregnant or had eaten the day before the death of a fellow as his stomach settled another basilosaurus. Since then, in the same area and we found another 9 basilosaurus skeletons, including - the only complete intact skeleton known to scientists today. This area has long called "the valley of the whales," which sounds very mysterious, given that today it - bare desert.
"Black alien boxes"
One of the strangest and most recent finds discovered near the pyramids south of Giza - 24 empty black box of granite, weighing more than 100 tons each. Scientists were shocked by the filigree work on a solid stone and are still in the dark about the purpose of these boxes, made over 3000 years ago. Some even claim that the boxes are not made by the ancient Egyptians, and left the world of mysterious visitors from the stars.
The oldest skeleton of a giant
of the ancient Egyptian pharaoh's body Sa-Nahta is considered the oldest known remains of a giant man. Its growth reached 1, 90 centimeters - an unprecedented for the ancient people! According to scientists, who studied the skeleton of calcium Nahta, it was the first known to science today, cases of true gigantism on Earth.
The secret entrance to the pyramid
An Egyptian by imani Naji discovered the secret passage under the basement of his home. As it turned out, the process led to one of the great pyramids of Giza. Digging on their own garden, a 33-year resident of the village of Al-Harameya found lined with stone slabs tunnel that led straight into the pyramid of Khufu (Cheops). Archaeologists believe that in ancient times, this move led to the secret temple on the banks of the Nile, but they still have a long job to find the true purpose of this ancient tunnel.
The youngest mummy was discovered by British archaeologists in 1907. Unborn human embryo was placed in a miniature coffin. His age on estimates of scientists, was 16-18 weeks. It is assumed that he died as a result of abortion in the mother. "The thoroughness with which he was buried fetus demonstrates great respect egshiptyan to the mystery of human life", - says Julie Dawson, head of storage in Fitzwilliam British museum.
erect penis Tutankhamun
The mummy of Tutankhamun was one of the most striking discoveries of scientists and Egyptologists. But most of all they were struck by the fact that the pharaoh was buried under all the Egyptian traditions, different from other mummies small detail: he was laid in a tomb with a fully erect penis. Reinforced resin body raised at an angle of 90 degrees. Scientists do not know why this was done, assuming, however, that this has anything to do with the religious activities of Tutankhamun, who rejected the new religion of sun, and plant his father, and during his brief reign (he was in power from 10 to 19 years) tried to bring people to the old gods.
Jewelry found in 1911 in a tomb in the village of El-Gerze, whose age is estimated to be 5,000 years old, are considered the oldest in the world. Beads were made of iron Space, brought to Earth by meteorites, almost 2,000 years before the Iron Age, and are connected to one necklace with pieces of gold and precious stones. But for science iron beads - the most precious. The presence of cobalt and germanium confirms their cosmic origin, and age suggests that, perhaps, they are not treated in the world - because of blacksmithing did not exist yet.
The mummies of crocodiles
One of the most interesting findings have become mummies 47 young crocodiles. By assumption, scholars, they were victims of the crocodile god Sobek. Some Egyptologists have even believed that the Egyptians specially grown crocodiles to Sobek the victims, the river god, though caught adult crocodiles were for them an object of worship.
The book spells
In the 1970 book of spells was discovered in Upper Egypt, whose age numbered 1,300 years. It was written in VII-VIII century in Coptic. The book is not yet fully deciphered, but scientists have found in it the love spells, it spells to banish evil spirits, healing and curse spells. Scientists have called it "the Egyptian guide magical powers." They believe that in the not decoded until the book is kept more secrets that will reveal the truth about the beliefs of the past.
The underwater city of
Heraklion (in Egyptian - Tonis) was a major commercial city of antiquity. According to legend, it was founded by Alexander the Great, it was here that Cleopatra was crowned. For many years he was considered wiped out. Some scientists and all regarded him as a mythical, as once Troy. However, archaeologists have found him in the sea, near the mouth of the Nile, on the 50-meter depth. Heraklion was discovered as recently as 2000, and since then its innumerable treasures open to archaeologists new mystery stories.
Breweries for the gods
The ancient Egyptians liked to drink, and even held a special "holiday drinking." Were they special and breweries dedicated to the gods. We learned about it recently when archaeologists found the tomb 3,000 years old, the inscription on which says that it is buried in the "master brewer god of the dead." Egyptologists confirm that alcohol in Ancient Egypt played an important role as a means of entertainment for the people, and as an offering to the gods. And the beer was also the most popular and most accessible type drinking.
Six prehistoric bat species
In 2008, during excavations in the vicinity of Cairo, studying the fossils, archaeologists discovered skeletons of prehistoric six species of bats. The most amazing thing was that they were not extinct, and related species now existing. This led scientists to think seriously about the origins of modern bats earlier it was believed that they first appeared in Europe, but now it turned out that they may have come from North Africa.
Secret City of the pyramids
This underground labyrinth of the 1,500 rooms at Giza was discovered in 2008. Egyptian authorities tried to deny its existence, but scientists still carried the truth to the world. That's just what was the purpose of this underground city? Scientists do not know about it more than politics.
Abydos boats were intended for the carriage of the pharaohs to the afterlife. They were found in the sands of Egypt, their age is estimated at 3000 years. Total archaeologists found 14 boats, length - from 18 to 25 meters. On each fits to 30 paddlers. This huge fleet still amazes historians power and perfection: to detect boats Abydos they saw the Egyptians are much less adept at shipbuilding.