The most common Jeep World War II
• The most common Jeep World War II
World War II is often called "engines of war" - because it was the first in the history of mankind the collision, which used a number of the latest technology. By the beginning of military action almost every member country had to develop its own cars, are characterized by high reliability and high cross. Many of the models were the forefathers of today's SUVs.
Before you - what would later be called the Jeep. Development of Willys-Overland Motors designers turned out to be so successful that the car started to supply to all the Allied forces. The most popular car used by the Red Army, which received as many as 52,000 "Willis". Based on this model, already in the postwar period, many of the "great-grandfather" of modern SUVs were built.
GAZ-61 was created under the specific needs: Executive Red Army headquarters needed a reliable car with good maneuverability. The model has become the world's first SUV comfortable - oddly enough, but it is the experience of the Soviet artists took then in other countries. GAZ-61 had excellent performance and appreciate the commanders of the army - for example, it was one of the favorite cars of marshal Zhukov.
Volkswagen Tour 82 Kuebelwagen
SUV, by special request, developed the famous Ferdinand Porsche. Volkswagen Tour Kuebelwagen 82 was designed to transport personnel, but slightly modified models could serve other purposes. Tour 82 was very successful: easy, sverhprohodimy, it is very appreciated even by Allied forces: soldiers exchanged each other trophy cars.
And this is a heavy SUV, characterized by simplicity of design and technological implementation. Dodge WC-51 is perfectly suited for the transport of weapons, since it has increased carrying capacity and could overcome almost any terrain. This machine also comes into the Red Army under Lend-Lease.
The Soviet Union had its own jeeps - the truth, the basis of the designers "spying" in the same Willys MB. GAZ-64 model entered service in 1941 and has proved to be well on the battlefield. Before the advent of "Willis", GAZ-64 was an indispensable assistant to the Soviet soldiers, and then the need for the production of your own car just disappeared.
the Horch 901 type 40
Another German SUV, which became a hit on the battlefield. "Horch" differs high maximum speed (the car could accelerate to 90 km / h) and an increased power reserve, two fuel tanks provide as much as 400 kilometers away. However, it was his, and his very significant drawback - Horch 901 turned out rather "gentle" and often require serious maintenance.