The best-known architects in the history of miscalculations

• The best-known architects in the history of miscalculations

Amphitheater Fidenah

The best-known architects in the history of miscalculations

Date: '27 n. e.

Location: city fidenae

Current Status: Destroyed

Fidensky amphitheater was destroyed in 27 BC. e. This wooden structure collapsed because of too large crowds who came to see the gladiatorial games. This event convinced the architects of the need to strengthen buildings.

Lesson learned: Accounting for the weight that can withstand structure.

The Lighthouse of Alexandria

The best-known architects in the history of miscalculations

Date: 1303

Location: Alexandria

Current Status: Destroyed

Pharos Lighthouse of Alexandria was one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, while in 1303 was not destroyed by an earthquake. Since the first construction (about 280 BC. E.), This structure is an example of unusual architecture, since the height of the beacon was about 384 feet (height 42-storey), while at the same time was able to withstand ocean storms several previous earthquakes and wars.

The resulting lesson: Unfortunately, some structures are not eternal. Advances in technology help buildings withstand the harshest environmental conditions.

Leaning Tower

The best-known architects in the history of miscalculations

Date: 1173

Location: Pisa

Current Status: Built

At the beginning of the construction of the inclined tower of Pisa in 1173 it reached a height of 60 meters. The tower was built on marshland, in connection with which the entire structure beginning to bend. Eventually, in order to prevent the fall tower it took strengthen the foundation.

Lesson learned: It is important to create a solid foundation and construction of buildings is on it.

Dam St. Francis

The best-known architects in the history of miscalculations

Date: 1928

Location: Los Angeles

Current Status: Destroyed

Dam St. Francis was built in 1924 and collapsed in 1928, using the structural and geological reasons. As a result, 600 people died in the flood, caused by a defect in the foundation of the dam.

Lesson learned: In order to ensure public safety is extremely important regular inspections of industrial facilities, as dams, bridges, etc...

Takomsky Bridge

The best-known architects in the history of miscalculations

Date: 1940

Location: Tacoma

Current Status: Restored

In 1940, the bridge over the Strait of Tacoma-Narrows collapsed during a storm, becoming the largest artificial reef, as well as the most dramatic mistake in the history of bridge construction. Since designing suspension bridges had been completely changed.

Lesson learned: When the construction is always necessary to take into account environmental factors such as wind and weather changes.

John Hancock Tower

The best-known architects in the history of miscalculations

Date: 1976

Location: Boston, MA

Current Condition: Good

John Hancock Tower - a 60-storey skyscraper in Boston, which was inaugurated in 1976. Due to the constant thermal stress suffered by the building panel, its windows and took off, flying hundreds of feet, crashed on the asphalt. In the end, 10 000 windows were replaced. The total cost of repairs amounted to $ 5 million. Another miscalculation was the inability of the architects of the building to resist the strong gusts of wind, which is why the construction of too much staggered. This triggered bouts of motion sickness in the inhabitants of the upper floors. Lesson learned: During the construction of large buildings such as skyscrapers, minor factors entail significant consequences.

"vdarit" Spa Hotel

The best-known architects in the history of miscalculations

Date: 2009

Location: Las Vegas

Current state: Renovated

In 2009, in Las Vegas opened spa hotel "vdarit". Its unique curved design contributed to the accumulation of the sun's rays and their reflection in the direction of the hotel's pool. This often resulted in a temperature increase of the pool, causing sunburn in humans and melting objects.

Lesson learned: The architects have to juggle multiple responsibilities and rely on the various fields of knowledge, including science.

"Lotus Riverside"

Date: 2009

Location: Shanghai

Current Status: Destroyed

In 2009, the residential complex "Lotus Riverside" consisted of eleven 13-storey buildings in Shanghai. Excavation of the underground garage under one of the buildings led to a collapse of the entire house, since withdrawn from under him land later was thrown out on a dump near the river. Because of the heavy weight of the river bank collapsed, resulting in river water soaked into the ground, turning the soil under the building in the mud.

Lesson learned: Even during the repair work should always check the foundations and other important design elements. Structural strength and public safety are a top priority.