Lord pioneers or more stories about people who were the first "experienced" popular methods of death penalty
Throughout the long history of mankind has always and everywhere been its pioneers. Someone first crossed the ocean, someone first climbed Everest, someone first flew into space, but some people are lucky much less. Agree, go down in history as the man who dropped out to check their own skin ingenious "technology of death" the first to come up with creative butchers, this is not the most pleasant and attractive prospect.
However, these people still found, and as surprising as it may sound, the history of the practice of the death penalty really well remember their "pioneers and pioneers." So today we decided to tell our readers a few stories about the people who were the first, who was deprived of life with the help of the popular methods of modern and historic "the supreme measure of social protection."
The first documented case of death by beheading became a Roman guy named Priscillian, who proclaimed himself a prophet on a par with Jesus Christ and, therefore, very upset Emperor Maximus. Judging by the sad fate that befell the hapless preacher, in the Roman Empire to the insult to the feelings of believers treated much more seriously, and in 385 AD, the State and the Church for the first time to combine their efforts against the crafty heretic, leaving the severed head of Priscillian rolled down from the scaffold .
hanged, drawn and quartered
A guy named William Maurice became difficult to the offender, which in 1241 first exposed quite agonizing death with an eloquent and promising title "hanged, drawn and quartered," and another, and thus the person for whom it actually invented. The spectacle, when Maurice, tied to the horse's withers, dragged along the ground to the scaffold, put the poor man to the table, let out his guts, castrated, beheaded, and then tore his body into four parts, so pleased the crowd of onlookers gathered to stare at the "triumph of justice "that after the death of poor Maurice is not yet a dozen people had a chance to move hanged, drawn and quartered in their own skin.
The professor of anatomy named Joseph Ignace Guillotin, apparently, was a very humane and compassionate person, in fact, not being able to look at the meal people who writhed in the loop on the gallows or writhing in pain until they chopped his head with a blunt ax not too skilled executioner, our good professor has decided to offer a more merciful and quick solution.
After the creator of several times tested their offspring, named in honor of his guillotine, on animals and cadavers, in 1792, on a scaffold went up first robber named Nicolas Jacques Pelletier, who was destined to test the new contraption on his own neck. The execution was surprisingly clean, fast and smooth. whistling knife fell down and with one blow cut through the thief's neck, and his head fell right in the basket carefully outstretched. And yes, although the "baptism of fire" of the guillotine were remarkably successful, the crowd that had gathered to stare at the death machine in action, booing Guillotin remained extremely dissatisfied with the spectacle, which is definitely lacking in the good old torment and torture.
The electric chair
of human kindness and compassion, it seems, really do not have borders, a fact that illustrates the desperate and tireless pursuit of many engineers and executioners in the last few centuries, tried to make the death penalty as a possible humane, quick and painless. In 1890, the first attempt to use to kill death row criminals electric current was made.
The first person was decided to sit in the electric chair, it has become one William Kemmler, convicted for having hacked his lover with an ax. In order to send a suicide bomber enduring to the light, it had to pass through his body electric current is little more than two minutes. All room at the same time filled with the smell of burning flesh, and of burnt Kemmler head vengeance poured thick stinking smoke, but, despite this, the experiment as a whole recognized the success, because for all his foreign unattractiveness electrocution still took less time than hanging, and relished the many American executioners.
The first person to send to the light on the white hospital couch with straps and a dropper needle in the vein, became a black criminal by the name of Charles Brooke, who shot a couple with his accomplice mechanic named David Gregory. Lethal cocktail of barbiturates introduced Brooke December 7, 1982 at 12:09, and after seven minutes the prison doctor successfully verified death bandit.