Fashion designer Vyacheslav Zaitsev noted 80th anniversary
• Fashion designer Slava Zaitsev noted the 80th anniversary of
March 2 was 80 years old famous Russian designer Vyacheslav Zaitsev. Today he is successful and in demand, as in Soviet times, despite the fact that in the West it was called "Red Dior" and included in the top five "fashion king" of the world, Zaitsev was restricted to leave and had not been able to fully realize all your creative projects. On most of his public achievements were not even aware - as, for example, that it was he who wore Zinochka in the film "Ivan Vasilyevich Changes Occupation" and many other film heroine, and also created the costumes for the pop stars and athletes.
One of the most famous Soviet mannequins Regina Zbarskaya and Vyacheslav Zaitsev
With a choice of future career Vyacheslav Zaitsev decided very quickly, although the choice was forced. He could not do any of the universities, as was considered the son of the traitor - during the war, his father was imprisoned. Therefore, after the end of seven years of school, he enrolled at the only college where he was received - the Ivanovo Chemical Technology, and then - in the Moscow Textile Institute. His first collection of clothes he created experimentally and technical garment factory Mosoblsovnarhoza in Babushkin, which came on the distribution. It was clothing for residents of rural areas, which is not verified Soviet methodical department because that was too extravagant: colored sweatshirt, skirt of Pavlovsky Posad shawls, boots, painted in gouache.
Designer at work on the costume of the world champion in figure skating Natalia Bestemyanova
Not evaluated at home, this extraordinary collection attracted the attention of Western journalists, and it was published in the French magazine "Paris Match" article under the headline "He dictates fashion Moscow." After 3 years of this article to find him, Pierre Cardin and Marc Bohan ( "Dior"), and held a meeting, which Western journalists dubbed the meeting "King of Fashion". In Europe, it was called one of the leading designers of the world, and in the Soviet Union he was restricted to travel abroad until the end of the 1980s. Its author's collections were successfully demonstrated in the USA, Canada, Japan, France, Italy, but they were held without the participation of the designer.
Designer at work
In 1965 Vyacheslav Zaitsev came to the All-Union Fashion House at Kuznetsky Most, where he worked for the next 13 years. He has collaborated with the most famous Soviet mannequins: Regina Zbarskiy, Lekoy Mila Mironova and Romanov. Dress "Russia", created Zaitsev for his collection "Russian series", received the Grand Prix at the International Festival of Fashion. After this fashion in the Western press began to call "Red Dior".
One of the most famous Russian fashion designers
There was a time when Vyacheslav Zaitsev wanted to get away from the world of fashion. He said: "It was 1978, a terrible time for me. After all, if my beloved mother died. After her death, I decided to finish with fashion. Just I realized that all models created in the House at Kuznetsky things no one needs - and they remain in the warehouses. And I very strongly clamped. For example, when in 1974, in Czechoslovakia in the journal "Queta" published a reprint of the French press, which in the review mode, I was named one of five outstanding designers of the world for a hundred years: Frederick Worth, Paul Poiret, Chanel, Christian Dior and Glory hares, I was summoned to the Central Committee of the party, and said: "That you are no longer to be seen."
Vyacheslav Zaytsev later admitted: "And was summoned to the KGB. Behind me was a constant surveillance. I even knew a man who followed me ... Even in the socialist countries let me warily. I traveled always under supervision. In 1980, the fashion festival in Bulgaria, I had a meeting with Pierre Cardin. And it was only because he set a condition: to arrive in Sofia only in the event that there will be glory. That's me and sent back almost under the escort of a few days. Through the party's Central Committee agreed with the Bulgarians. "
The famous Soviet couturier created the costumes for many film heroine, pop stars and athletes. So, it was he who wore the Soviet sports delegation at the Olympic Games-80, and also designed the costumes of the main character of the film "Ivan Vasilyevich Changes Occupation" Zinochka and dress for the final release of the heroine Alice Freundlich in the movie "Office Romance". Zaitsev worked on the image of Alla Pugacheva, Edita Piekha, groups of "Na-Na" and "Integral". He has worked with Lyubov Orlova in her latest film, "Starling and lyre."
I had to sew and to high-ranking persons, albeit with some designers have not found a common language: "I am very devoted to his profession and, when under pressure, and dismissive attitude to himself, went to the side. I could deny his wife Brezhnev, because I was not interested to engage in it ... From Raisa Gorbachev, I ran. Because she was a domineering woman, from the category of those who ordered what to do ... I was a very principled and hated when I was humiliated. Punishment was that I was not allowed to work - I was 20 years old never traveled anywhere, did not show the collection. But one day everything changed. I had a friend who worked in the Foreign Ministry. And then they called me in Canada, in the year '86. He went to Yeltsin, who was then still in the Party Central Committee, and Boris allowed to go. We have come a terrible interview, to intimidate us so that we in no case did not take dollars or did not communicate with anyone ... But we came back with a huge victory - so many people were on the show! ".