Thefts from museums that have happened in the XXI century
Works of art always attracted intruders. They did not stop any museum guard or alarm system with the latest technology private collection - museum thieves have carried out more than once masterpieces worth millions of dollars. Today, for example, only British gallery annually theft incur losses of 500 million pounds sterling, and all over the world, this figure is closer to 6 billion pounds. In this review, the most high-profile thefts of works of art that have occurred recently.
1. The Museum of Modern Art in Paris
"Dove with Green Peas". Picasso
May 2010 (Paris, France)
May 20, 2010 at the Paris Museum of Modern Art took place one of the most recent high-profile thefts of art of the XXI century and one of the biggest art thefts in history. The masked man cut the lock on the gate, broke the side window, carefully removed the paintings from their frames and walked out of the museum. Total 5 paintings were stolen, valued at about 88 million. Pounds. Among the famous works were "Dove with Green Peas" by Picasso and "Still life with candlesticks" Fernand Leger.
2 Sao Paulo Pinacoteca
"Women at the Window" (1926) Di Cavalcanti
June 2008 (São Paulo, Brazil)
In the second of two thefts of art works in São Paulo, held for six months, three armed men used a crowbar and a jack at 5:00 am June 12, 2008 to enter the museum Pinacoteca do Estado. Two Picasso masterpieces were stolen - "Artist and Model" (1963) and "Minotaur, a drunkard and a woman" (1933) and "Women at the Window" (1926), Di Cavalcanti and "married couple" Segal (1919). Four masterpieces have an estimated total of 388 000 pounds, and only one of them was found and returned - "Artist and Model" Picasso ".
3. Fund collection Emil Bührle
"Boy in a Red Waistcoat" (1895)
February 2008 (Zurich, Switzerland)
February 11, 2008 3 robbers in ski masks stole three paintings from the EG Bührle art museum in Zurich for a total of about 105 million pounds. In particular, it has been stolen works of the eighteenth century, Cezanne's "Boy in a Red Waistcoat" (1895), Degas' Portrait of Count Lepic and his daughters "(1871), Monet's" Poppy Field near Vétheuil "(1879) and Van Gogh's" The branches of blossoming chestnut "( 1890). Only the last two paintings were found a week later in a parked car in a nearby parking lot.
4. The Museum of Art of Sao Paulo
"Portrait of Suzanne Bloch" by Picasso.
December 20, 2007 (Sao Paulo, Brazil)
Masterpiece "Portrait of Suzanne Bloch" by Picasso and "O Labrador de Cafe" Candido Portinari, estimated at about 36 million pounds have been stolen from the Museum of Art of Sao Paulo. Just 3 minutes thieves entered using a hydraulic jack to the museum and took with them the picture. After the robbery, it was reported that these works of art, as well as about 8,000 other works stored in the museum, were not insured. While the thieves asked for a ransom of $ 5 million dollars, the paintings were returned in three weeks in perfect condition.
5. Chakar Museum do SPP
"Luxembourg Gardens" Matisse.
February 2006 (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
During the famous annual carnival celebrations in Rio February 24, 2006 thieves stole from the local muzeyachetyre artwork. Among them were "Dancing" Picasso's "Two Balconies" Dali, "Jardin du Luxembourg" Matisse and "Sunrise. Seascape "Monet. None of the stolen paintings, which are estimated at 32 million pounds, and was not found.
6. The Henry Moore Foundation
"slope of the figure."
December 2005 (Hertfordshire, England)
15th December 2005 from the territory of the Henry Moore Foundation in Hertfordshire was stolen bronze statue of size 2, 1 ton, known as "the slopes of the figure" cost of about 3 million. Pounds. Sculpture height of 2 meters was allegedly raised by a crane and taken not a truck. The sculpture was never found, but police believe it is probably sawed and sold for scrap in approximately 1500 pounds.
7. Munch Museum
The stolen version of the painting "The Scream" by Edvard Munch.
August 2004 (Oslo, Norway)
After the theft of the 1994 painting "The Scream" Norwegian expressionist Edvard Munch is another version of this painting was stolen in broad daylight along with another Munch canvas "Madonna" robbers in masks. The men burst into the Munch Museum August 22, 2004, taking the 2 artwork and fled after his car. Subsequently, four men were arrested, three of them were convicted, and two of them ordered to pay compensation in the amount of approximately 76 million. Pounds. August 31, 2006 the Norwegian police announced that the two paintings were returned.
8. Castle Drumlanrigs
"Madonna with a spindle" Leonardo da Vinci.
August 2003 (Dumfriesshire, Scotland)
At about 11 am August 27, 2003, four men pretending to be ordinary tourists, stole a tiny masterpiece of the Renaissance - "Madonna with a spindle" Leonardo da Vinci. They tore down a picture worth about 30 million pounds from the wall and escaped in an old white VW Golf. The castle, which is the home of the Duke of Buccleuch, one of the richest men in Scotland, there is a lovely private collection, including works by Rembrandt and Holbein.
9. The Art History Museum
The legendary "Salieri".
May 2003 (Vienna, Austria)
May 11, 2003 "Salieri", a sculpture made of enamelled gold, made by the artist of the Renaissance Benvenuto Cellini (cost about £ 45 million) was stolen by Robert Mang of the Vienna Museum of Art History. It was the largest art heist in the history of Austria. Three years later, "Salieri" was found in the woods in Zvettle, about 80 kilometers in the museum. Mang was sentenced to five years in prison, but served only two years and nine months.
10. Stefan Braytvizer
"The Princess of Cleves" by Lucas Cranach.
November 2001 (Europe)
French thief Braytvizer Stephen was accused of stealing 239 artworks from 172 museums in total value of approximately 960 million pounds (six billion dollars). His first theft occurred in March 1995, and the last - in November 2011. His most expensive "catch" was "The Princess of Cleves" by Lucas Cranach in 1995, costing around £ 6 million. Only about 110 copies of the notorious collection Braytvizera was found. January 7, 2005 he was sentenced to three years in prison, but left behind the bars only 26 months. Source: https://kulturologia.ru/blogs/090818/40058/