Do not miss the first symptoms of diabetes
• Do not miss the first symptoms of diabetes
Diabetes is a disease that directly affects the way our body produces and responds to insulin. The disease leads to increased blood sugar levels, but the first symptoms may be mild and unnoticed, so many people do not pay any attention to them. We have compiled a list of the most common early signs of diabetes that can help you quickly identify the disease.
1. Increased thirst and urination.
If diabetes is not treated, it can not only reduce the quality of life, but also reduce the duration, so it is important to diagnose the disease early. And both men and women may be different consequences. In the meantime, let's talk about the first symptoms. Increased thirst (polydipsia), and frequent trips to the bathroom (polyuria) - are the most common symptoms of diabetes. In diabetes, the kidneys do not absorb all the excess sugar. Instead, it gets in your urine, soaking up water from tissues. It makes you urinate more and leaves a feeling of dehydration. To get rid of the feeling of thirst, you start to drink more, which leads to more frequent urination.
2. Increased hunger.
Excessive hunger (polyphagia) is also a symptom of diabetes. If your body does not produce the right amount of insulin, it can not convert food into glucose, which your cells use for energy. And this leads to a feeling of hunger, which is retained even after a meal.
Another symptom of diabetes - a chronic fatigue. You feel it, because your body is not enough glucose for energy.
4. Blurred vision.
When the blurred vision is not a sign of a more serious eye problems, this may be an early sign of diabetes.
5. Unexplained weight loss.
Unexplained weight loss means losing much weight without the help of diet or exercise. Since your body can not use glucose as an energy source when you have diabetes, it begins to burn fat and muscle, causing your weight to drop. Dehydration also contributes to the sudden loss of weight, as your body uses all of the available fluid for urine.
As mentioned above, when excess sugar gets into your urine, it absorbs fluid from other tissues, including your skin (your largest organ). Dry skin can be itchy. Another reason for itchy skin - fungal infections, which are common in people with diabetes.
7. Slow healing.
Cuts and wounds that heal very slowly and can often be a symptom of diabetes. High blood sugar levels not only increase inflammation in the cuts and ulcers, but also leads to poor blood circulation, which hinders the healing of damaged skin. This applies especially to the legs, patients with diabetes often occur leg ulcers, which can lead to more serious problems.
8. The dark spots on the skin.
Acanthosis nigricans - is a skin condition that manifests itself in the dark spots with a velvety texture. These spots usually appear in areas where the skin folds: on the neck, in the armpits, in the groin, on the elbow, behind the knees and fingers.
9. Numbness and tingling of the hands or feet.
Numbness, tingling, or pain in the arms or legs (fingers or toes) - another common symptom of diabetes. As mentioned above, high blood sugar can lead to poor circulation, and this, in turn, leads to nerve damage. The first to be affected hands and feet, which are parts of the body, the most distant from the heart.