Swim with the lava in Hawaii
• Swim with the lava in Hawaii
Kilauea (translated from Hawaiian - "belching") - the most active volcano of the island of Hawaii, which is continuously erupting since 1983. It is also considered the most active volcanoes on Earth.
Today, in the lens amazing footage of extreme surfing by professional athletes Alison Teal. Near the lava flowing into the ocean.
It is a place near the volcano in Hawaii, where the Kilauea volcano erupts in the ocean. More precisely, its lava flows here.
Since it is necessary to be cautious. The speed of the lava flow can reach several meters per second. lava temperature ranges from 500 to 1200 ° C. It is enough to boil alive.
The lava is formed during the eruption of the volcano magma on the Earth's surface. Because cooling and the interaction with the gases that make up air, the magma changes its properties, forming lava.
earthquakes centers are located at a depth of up to 700 km from the ground level, i.e. volcanic material coming from the upper mantle.
The height of our Kilauea volcano - 1247 m above sea level, its base goes to the bottom of the Pacific Ocean at a depth of about 5 km.
At the top of the Kilauea caldera is enormous; She rounded a 3 * 4 km. It is Halemaumau crater, featuring, who again became active in 2008, out of it constantly comes out volcanic gas column and bubbling lava lake.
The last eruption began January 3, 1983 and continuing to the present. In the phase of intense activity of the volcano entered March 6, 2011.
Kilauea is considered home to the Hawaiian goddess of volcanoes, whose name is Pele.
In honor of Pele named some lava formations - for example:
"Pele's tears" - little drops of lava, which cool down and take the form of lava in the form of drops, ball or strips.
"Pele's hair" - the result of lava cooling spray in the wind.
"Algae Pele" - cooling lava bursting bubbles result from the boiling water, while runoff lava into the ocean.
As you might guess, in the background we see the "hair".