The largest fish market in the world
• The largest fish market in the world
Tsukiji market in central Tokyo is sandwiched between the Sumida River and elite shopping district of Ginza. This is the biggest wholesale fish base and one of the largest wholesale food markets in the world. Each day, about 2, 000 tons of seafood pass through Tsukiji and find a buyer.
The oldest fish market of Tokyo called Uogasi was founded on the banks of the Nihonbashi River in the 16th century. It sold the remains of the fish, not purchased for the Royal Castle Edo Shogun and his court. While Tokyo has been known under its former name of Edo. With the growth of the city has increased and Uogasi market until it turned into the biggest market in Japan.
After the big earthquake of Kanto in 1923, a large part of central Tokyo, was wiped off the face of the Earth, including the Nihonbashi fish market. The fish market was moved to the Tsukiji district and started to work in 1935, becoming one of the most popular tourist attractions of Japan. The most famous is the auction for the sale of tuna, where the price of a single fish as a result of intense bidding can reach several thousand dollars. In 2013 bluefin tuna weighing 222 kilograms was sold for a staggering $ 1.76 million, setting an absolute record.
The auction was held at the "internal market", which allowed only licensed wholesale dealers. Visitors line up to 3:00 in the morning, but luck is smiling only a little. "External market" is open to all and is a mixture of wholesale and retail shops that sell Japanese kitchen tools, raw materials for restaurants, groceries, and seafood. Here you can also find many restaurants where they cook fresh fish.
The auction begins approximately at 5:30 and ends at 10:00. Once the fish is bought, it is cut and prepared for retail sale in numerous market stores. This is a carefully thought-out process, especially in the case of the largest fish-tuna. Frozen tuna and swordfish are often cut big band saws, and then processed with long knives. Tsukiji Fish Market handles over 400 different types of seafood, from cheap seaweed to the most expensive caviar, from tiny sardines to 300-pound tuna, and even some of the prohibited types of whale. About 700, 000 metric tons of seafood worth $ 5.9 billion are sold here every year.
This year, the fish market will be moved to a new location in Tokyo Bay, to make room for valuable real estate in the Tsukiji district. The city plans to build the road through this area, because Japan is preparing for the Olympic Games in 2020.