China vs Japan
10 differences between the two countries - carriers of oriental culture.
We often say that Eastern culture - but get confused themselves, China and Japan have in mind. And they, among other things, different. We have prepared the material that once and for all learn to distinguish between these two countries.
Home and Away
In China, do not take off their shoes
Unlike the Japanese and Koreans, the Chinese do not take off their shoes when they enter the house. But there are exceptions, however, coming into the house, better check.
In Japan take off their shoes
In all houses, many hospitals, restaurants and some offices have to take off your shoes. Therefore socks must always be safe and clean. According to the rules of propriety shoes socks need to deploy to the exit. If you forget to do it or do not pay attention to ignorance, the owner or institution staff do it for you. It is noteworthy that if you are thinking to visit the restroom, you will find for that special slippers.
do not bow in China
Unlike the Japanese, the Chinese do not bow every time when they want to greet someone or say goodbye to someone. Chinese can bow down only in the case of very great respect to the person at a special ceremony or celebration. During the Tang Dynasty, when a guest came to the emperor, he had to make a deep bow and touch the floor with his head nine times. The other did not exist bows.
In Japan bow
Bows - an integral part of Japanese life. They do not notice it, bowing even while talking on the phone. Bows are divided over the depth and duration: a welcome nod to - 15 °, to a respectful - 30 °, the highest respect for the bow - 45 ° and admiration - touching his head to the floor.
In China - Confucianism / Taoism / Buddhism
Since the beginning of the history of China, none of the religions was not the dominant and did not require unconditional commitment. One person could profess several religions at once.
In Japan - Shinto
The national religion of Japan is Shinto. The Japanese believe that everything around them, and endowed with divine spirits, even a stone. Shinto also believe in magic, totemism (the worship of individual animals) and fetishism (the belief in the supernatural power of amulets and talismans).
In China - Wushu and Kungfu
Wushu (in translation - "martial arts") - a Chinese gymnastics, bringing together all kinds of martial arts. The word "Kung Fu", which is often denoted as the martial arts in China is any activity in which you can improve, starting from the martial arts and ending with the singing and cooking. Actually, kung fu - is the work over itself.
In Japan - sumo, judo, aikido, karate, jiu-jitsu
Arts kill, or so-called bu-jutsu - the historical basis of all martial arts in Japan. It trained all self-respecting samurai and ninja. The main goal was a quick and effective neutralization of the enemy. It is a struggle in which there were no rules, because all means are good in a fight. And to complete the battle - do not shake hands, but simply to kill.
In China - Peking duck, dim sum, fried rice, century egg and turtle soup
We know only five tastes. The peculiarity of the Chinese cuisine is to have as many as eight: in addition to sweet, sour, pungent, bitter and salty every Chinese person will call you more fragrant flavor (properly cooked dish has a special flavor), fresh (unlike the taste of rice and bread) and gold (similar to the taste of kumquat ). In Japan - sushi, rolls and sashimi
The main delights of Japanese cuisine are the dishes of raw fish, the most popular of them - it's sushi and rolls. During cooking, the fish are not subjected to heat treatment to preserve its natural taste. Also in Japan, like when the meal consists of many small dishes - so that you can appreciate the art of the cook and do not overeat. In the classic version on the table at a Japanese aristocrat stood 15-20 small dishes.
In China, sitting on chairs
It is believed that the "eastern people" prefer low surface: mats, cushions, table tops, barely rising above them. However, residents of the Middle Kingdom prefer to sit on chairs, and not on his knees on the floor, as the Japanese. The tradition went from the nobles, who wanted to be higher since the end of the VI century: after all, the higher a person is, the higher his status. Every Chinese dreamed of the day when he would sit on a chair. Gradually, those have become a common part of the Chinese interior in families of different social circle.
In Japan, sitting on his knees
Seiji ( "sitting on his knees") in Japan - a science that can be learned. This situation - an integral part of a number of traditional Japanese rituals such as tea ceremony, meditation, some martial arts and calligraphy.
In China - Tipala and Hanfu
The traditional Chinese dress called Hanfu (Han Dynasty clothes, III century BC. E.). It is a set of clothing - from underwear to Zapashny robe with a belt. Hanfu worn by both men and women. Pretentious and even luxurious, it has demonstrated the magnificence of the famous silk fabrics. After the seizure of power by the Manchus in the XVII century to replace the traditional Chinese garb came Changshan men and Tipala (dress of the flag) in women. They stayed for three centuries, until Mao not all dressed up in uniforms. However, now wearing national clothes in China reborn. In general, Chinese costumes look brighter, frilly and intricate than the Japanese. Although the basis for it was the Hanfu Kimono. In Japan - Kimono
Of course, today the kimono is not a casual outfit, but a couple of suits hanging in the closet of every inhabitant of the rising sun on a holiday event, wedding, prom or other celebrations. Kimono allocates only the shoulders and waist, as the ideal beauty of the Japanese - is "less bumps and irregularities, the more beautiful." National clothing kimono is considered to be from the middle of the XIX century.
In China - acupuncture (acupuncture)
Acupuncture experts believe that each body has its own area on the human body - the so-called meridians. For example, if you have a sore liver, the acupuncture is done in the field of feet or ears. On our body of about 700 points, each of which has its own name and is located at its meridian. By inserting needles into these points affect the energy experts, eliminating the pain with the appropriate authority.
In Japan - Shiatsu (push hands)
Shiatsu came to light only in the 40s of XX century, when the physician Tokujiro Namikoshi saw his mother suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, presses down on the sore spots, massaging, rubbing them and it becomes easier. He devoted himself to the study of this issue and has developed a special treatment method based on point touch of a finger - schiatsu, a type of manual therapy.
In China - Dragon
One of the main representatives of Chinese culture - a collective character. Describe him through the similarity of the camel's head, deer horns, demon eyes, snake neck, carp scales, claws of an eagle, tiger paws and ears of a cow. In contrast to the European dragon, he's not that good, but at least wise. Chinese Dragon is easy to distinguish from other cultures dragons: it has five toes. Total in China "lives" nine kinds of dragons: the celestial, the spiritual, underground, dragon treasure, the winged dragon that lives in the water, horned, yellow, came out of the river Lo in order to teach other things to write, and royal. In Japan - Sakura
Sakura - the national symbol of Japan. Traveling around the country, you can see the image of sakura on the arms of the police and armed forces. Botanical name - Prunus serrulata. Every year, watching the beauty and fragility of the cherry blossom, Japanese philosophize about what a great lasts forever.
In China - Terracotta Army
Qin Shi Huang was the cruel emperor of China. And at the same time very faithful. Even during his lifetime he began to carefully prepare for the transition to the afterlife. On his behalf, manufactured and supplied a column 6000 clay warriors in human growth and in full armor, so that those guarding the emperor's peace after death. Clay army came to the children, and, no matter how you tried, did not find here even two identical, because the person clung to real prototypes, that after death the souls of soldiers found refuge in the statues. The most surprising is that the terracotta army guards still empty tomb, because the sarcophagus Qin Shi Huang still looking around China.
In Japan - the samurai and ninja
The word "samurai" is derived from the verb haberu, in a literal translation - "serve to maintain." Many people think that the Samurai - is an elite class of warriors, but they were only bodyguards of his master and servants in their daily lives. Farmers, and only then soldiers (who are always after the fight went to the field and cut off the heads of the corpses to please Mr number of enemies killed).
Ninja same - a spy, saboteur, spy, spy and assassin in medieval Japan. Ninja, unlike the samurai, were not subject to the feudal system, so they had no chance of career growth, they have always remained in the shadows. At the height of ninja that occurred in the Middle Ages, in Japan, there were approximately 70 clans. Profession was inherited from father to son or daughter. Women there were also a ninja, they were called Kunoichi.