The history of the pirate, who lived more than 4 years on a desert island, which inspired Daniel Defoe
• The history of the pirate, who lived more than 4 years on a desert island, which inspired Daniel Defoe
Access to the Daniel Defoe novel light about the adventures of Robinson Crusoe became a real sensation: readers enthusiastically acquainted with the history of a brave sailor who was forced to fight for his life on a desert island. According to one version, the source of inspiration for the writer served as a story about the fate of the Scottish sailor Alexander Selkirk. Four years boatswain stayed on all the forgotten island, and returned home, told how he managed to survive in extreme conditions.
ship model, where Alexander Selkirk went to the fateful journey
"The fate of this extraordinary man - a finished script for the book" - perhaps something like thinking Defoe after he had a chance to talk with Alexander. The sailor had told him about the trials that his experience after one day, after a quarrel with the captain of the ship on which he served, he was left alone with the wildlife. However, first things first.
Juan Fernandez Archipelago, where Alexander Selkirk lived almost 4, 5 years
Alexander Selkirk was always an adventurer by nature. He did not relish the prospect to continue his father's work, which was engaged in tanning craft, so he was still a teenager, set sail, having decided to spend most of his life wandering the expanses of the ocean. The first expedition was a success: Alexander mastered some simple work as an ordinary seaman and a donkey on a pirate ship. Easy money, danger and adventure - it's like a magnet, beckoned Man.
Alexander Selkirk on an uninhabited island. An engraving from the collection of Mary Evans Picture Library
The second time he went into the sea already in the status of the bosun on board the flotilla of pirate William Dampier. The course is held in the West Indies, to the places of production of gold. All was going well until the ship captain is not changed, and then Alexander is seriously concerned about the future of the crew: it seemed to him that the new helmsman completely nothing about navigation and dooms them all to certain death. Conflicts bullying boatswain and the captain took place regularly, until the latter threatened to plant a slave at the next island. At this point, Alexander would cost to reduce the temperature, but he smugly replied that it did not scare him. The challenge was accepted, and the next morning the boatswain, standing on the island, watched him leave the ship on the horizon.
Alexander Selkirk on the island. An engraving from the collection of Mary Evans Picture Library
Alexander left on one of the islands of the archipelago Juan Fernandez. Initially Man is absolutely not frightened this situation: he was confident that soon will meet with the new ship will go to the team and all the troubles are over. In fact, he soon realized that this bay is almost no one goes. With the Spanish ships it was better not to meet (too English pirates managed to annoy them), but the British ship near the island appeared only after 4 years and 4 months.
Alexander Selkirk Daniel Defoe tells his story
Life on the island was the hardest test for Alexander. He did not immediately realize that to live alone to be long, so initially famously expended matches and gunpowder, which picked up the ship. When it became clear that the supply comes to an end, Alexander began to think, how to win in this unequal battle with the circumstances. He managed to build two cabins (one of them used for cooking, fire, like primitive people, procured by friction), I learned tinkering clothes from goat skins. Food was easy to find: Alexander hunted goats, birds, turtles ... When gunpowder ended, he began to set traps to simplify your task to catch kids, injured their tendons, and then they will never be able to run fast. To cope with the attacks of rats, native domesticated cats that were once brought to the island by sailors.
The British ship takes Selkirk from the island
From its insular imprisonment Alexander was rescued by the British. Ironically, an expedition to the forgotten archipelago sent the same pirate William Dampier! The first time, he could not even really explain who he is and how he got to the island, many years of silence haunt. However, later-islander sailor partially returned to normal. An interesting fact is that the ship from which it came, really wrecked. True, Alexander himself died a few years later in the next voyage, contracted malaria. In memory of his life remains a beautiful story, rethought Daniel Defoe.