The largest and grandeur of the empire in the history of mankind
The seizure of power has to be a dream, at least half of the ambitious supervillains. However, some more friendly (which is doubtful), people are trying to do it the old fashioned way: exploration, colonization, conquest, and sometimes (ok - rarely) even mutually beneficial policies.
Although no one has failed to openly seize power (the shadow community does not count), age of empires was certainly not boring, and as recently as the late 1900s, impressive progress has been made.
Let's start all the way from 500 BCE and its Let's go in chronological order up to the present. Before you - the 25 greatest and most powerful empire in the history of mankind!
25. Power Achaemenid - about 500 BC. e.
As the 18th largest empire in history, Power Achaemenid (also referred to as the first Persian Empire) already impressive. At the peak of its ascent in approximately 550 BC. e. they occupied the space area of 31, 6 million square kilometers, including the vast majority of the Middle East countries and regions of Russia.
Even more impressive, that when Cyrus II the Great Empire had a complex social infrastructure, including roads and the postal service, which later will seek to outperform the other empires.
24. The Macedonian Empire - about 323 BC. e.
When Alexander the Great Macedonian Empire destroyed by Akhemenids and built the final Hellenistic state, beginning the Greek civilization, philosophical contribution of Aristotle, and probably orgies.
At the peak of its development, the Macedonian Empire occupied almost 3, 5% of the world, making it the 21 th largest empire in history (and the second largest after the Persian conquest).
23. The Mauryan Empire - about 250 BC. e.
After the death of Alexander the Great, the whole of India and much of the surrounding area was conquered by the Maurya Empire, as a result of which there appeared first (and largest) Indian Empire. During its peak, with generous and diplomatic ruler, known as Ashok the Great, the Mauryan empire covers an area of nearly 5 million square kilometers, making it the 23rd largest empire in history.
22. Hun Empire - about 209 BC. e.
During the IV-III century. at. BC. e., that eventually became China consisted of several warring states. As a result, the nomadic Xiongnu army raided the northern territories.
In its heyday the Hun Empire took more than 6% of the entire world, becoming the 10th largest empire in the history of mankind.
They were so irresistible that it took years of negotiation, arranged marriage and concessions from the Han Dynasty, to keep them from conquest.
21. The Western Han Dynasty - around 50 BC. e.
When it comes to the Han Dynasty, the Western Han Dynasty reached the peak of its heyday about a century later. Although they never reached the level of development of the Hun Empire, they still managed to occupy an area of 6 million square kilometers with more than 57 million people, becoming the 17th largest empire in the history of mankind. To achieve this, they have successfully promoted hunnu north aggressively expanding south on the current territory of Vietnam and the Korean Peninsula.
Western Han dynasty included a major diplomatic achievements Qian Zhang (Zhang Qian), which has established contacts with the countries in the West right up to the Roman Empire and founded the famous Silk Road trade.
20. Eastern Han Dynasty - about 100 AD. e.
During its almost 200-year existence of the Eastern Han Dynasty shift experienced various rulers, riots, instability and economic crisis. Despite these factors, the Eastern Han Dynasty was the 12th largest empire in history. It was larger in area than its pre-Christian counterpart, occupying an area of almost 500 square kilometers more - a total of 4, 36% of the entire world.
19. The Roman Empire - about 117 AD. e.
Due to the great number of references, which is rewarded with the Roman Empire, any average person mistakenly believes it the largest in history.
Indeed, at the peak of its heyday in 117 AD. e. it was the most extensive and the social structure of Western civilization, but even then the Romans took a total of only 5 million square kilometers of land, making it the 24th largest empire in history.
In this case, the issue is not quantity, but in quality, since the influence of the Roman Empire has affected almost every aspect of Western civilization.
18. Turk Empire - about 557 AD. e.
Turk Empire consisted of what is now the north-central part of China. Khanate rulers originated from the Ashina kind, another nomadic tribe of unknown origin from the northern part of Inner Asia.
As hunnu nearly six centuries ago, they expanded to rule huge territories in Central Asia, including the lucrative trade along the Silk Road.
By the year 557 BC. e. they became the 15th largest empire in history, controlling 4, 03% of the entire world (much more than the Roman Empire, which occupied 3, 36%).
17. Righteous Caliphate - about 655 AD. e.
Righteous Caliphate was the first Islamic caliphate in the earliest period of Islam. It was founded immediately after the Prophet Muhammad's death in 632 AD, to conduct business of the Islamic community.
Subjugating and uniting various Arab tribes, he began the conquest of the Caliphate, which led to the domination of Egypt, Syria and throughout the Persian Empire. In its best period in 655 AD. e. Righteous Caliphate was the 14th largest empire covering 6, 4 million square kilometers across the Middle East.
16. The Umayyad Caliphate - about 720 AD. e.
The second of the four major Caliphate after the death of Muhammad, the Umayyad Caliphate arose after the first Muslim civil war in 661 BC. e. In addition to dominating the entire Middle East, the Umayyad Caliphate continued to expand towards North Africa and parts of southern Europe.
With complex social structure, consisting of 29% of the world's population (62 million people) and 7, 45% of the entire territory of the world's land area, the Umayyad Caliphate was the 8th largest empire in modern history, and the largest empire in the world, which only existed to 720 year n. e.
15. The Abbasid Caliphate - around 750 AD. e.
After 30 years after the heyday of the Umayyad Caliphate, as a result of rebellion and disobedience to the descendants of the Umayyads the youngest uncle of Muhammad, came to power Abassidsky caliphate.
They claimed that their family tree was close to the Prophet Muhammad, so they were his true heirs. After the successful seizure of power in 750 BC. e. they began the "golden era", which lasted almost 400 years and includes a strong alliance with China.
Although their empire was no longer the Umayyad Caliphate, it has existed for a long period, successfully control 11, 1 million square kilometers, making it the 7th largest empire in human history up to the capture of Genghis Khan in 1206.
14. The Tibetan Empire - about 800 AD. e.
The Tibetan Empire took more than 3% of the entire world to the year 800. At the same time from the West flourished relatively huge and prosperous Arab Empire. On the other side of Tang Dynasty, becoming a stable and united force, to establish diplomatic relations with the Arabs, made the Tibetan Empire one of the first empires in history, located between two strong states.
Thanks to the diplomacy and military might imposing Tibetan empire lasted more than 200 years. Ironically, the increasing influence of Buddhist teachings eventually provoked a civil war split the empire.
13. The Tang Dynasty - about 820 AD. e.
The Tang Dynasty opened what is considered the golden age of the multinational culture of Chinese civilization. This period belonged to the two most famous Chinese poets, Li Po (Li Bai) and Du Fu (Du Fu), and the invention of woodcuts contributed to the development of artistic culture among China and across Asia growing population.
Being less significant than other Chinese dynasties from a historical point of view, Tang Dynasty existed almost three hundred (618 907 AD. E.), Populating 3, 6% of the total area of the world and occupies the 20th place among the major empires the history of mankind.
12. Mongol Empire - about 1270
While many know about it, very few people really understand how huge was the empire of Genghis Khan actually. In its heyday, the Mongol Empire controlled a whopping 24 million km².
For comparison, it is more than 4 times the size of the Roman Empire and a little less than 3 times the modern United States, which makes the Mongol Empire 2nd largest empire in the history of mankind.
11. The Golden Horde - about 1310
Genghis Khan was not stupid, and he knew that without his leadership of the empire will hardly be able to keep their size. So he divided the empire by region, and over every control given to each of his sons, to preserve their heritage.
Due to the sheer size and power of the original empire even its individual ownership were impressively powerful. When the next generation after the Mongol Empire reached its peak, the Golden Horde became an independent entity.
Even by itself, to 1310, it was the 16th largest empire in history and still controlled the spectacular 4, 03% of the world (about a quarter of the land of the Mongol Empire).
10. The Yuan Dynasty - about 1310
On the northern Chinese territories previously controlled by the Mongolian Empire, grandson of Genghis Khan led his troops to conquer the rest of China and founded the dynasty of Yuan.
By 1310 it became the largest fragment of the last of the Mongol Empire and the 9th largest empire in the history of mankind, with the possession of 11 million square kilometers of land. Unfortunately, in the middle of the XIV century rebellion led to the final overthrow of the Yuan in 1368, making the most short-lived dynasty in Chinese history.
9. The Ming Dynasty (Great Ming Empire) - about 1450
Ming Dynasty was formed after the fall of the Yuan Dynasty. Not being able to expand to the north due to the presence of strong Mongol, Ming Dynasty still took decent 4, 36% of the world's land area and is the 13th largest empire in history.
Perhaps it is best known for the construction of the first Chinese naval fleet, which allowed to send naval expeditions and stimulate successful regional maritime trade.
8. The Ottoman Empire - about 1683
When Istanbul was Constantinople, it was the capital Ottoman Empire (also called Turkish empire). Although historically it was quite small (5, 2 million square kilometers, making it the 22th largest of the empire existed), but everything else - a successful and long-lived.
Starting a little earlier in 1300, the Ottoman Empire was able to secure a place between the Eastern and the Western world for over six centuries. After the defeat in World War I the empire was destroyed, with the result that in 1922 there was the Turkish Republic.
7. The Qing Dynasty - about 1790
The Qing Dynasty was the last imperial dynasty of China. This vast empire was the 4 th largest empire in history and took almost 10% of the entire globe, including the territory of Korea and Taiwan, with a population of over 400 million people. It took almost three centuries before local uprisings forced the last emperor to abdicate, and in 1912 formed the Republic of China.
6. The Spanish empire - about 1810
Not to be outdone by the last Chinese dynasty, the Spanish Empire was founded in 1492 and became only the second global empire in world history. With a territory of 15, 3 million square kilometers of land under its control, it was the 5th largest in history.
Thanks to the numerous maritime conquests they controlled a large percentage of areas in North and South America, as well as almost all countries of the Caribbean, parts of Africa, Europe, the South Pacific and even some cities along the coast of the Middle East.
5. The Portuguese colonial empire - about 1820
It is also known as the Portuguese overseas territories, the Portuguese colonial empire was the first global empire in history.
However, it never reached the same mass domination, as the Spanish Empire. Having under its control 3, 69% of the Earth, it is the 19 th largest empire in history.
Nevertheless, it is the longest-lived of modern European colonial empires existed for six centuries and just short of the new millennium (December 20, 1999 The Portuguese Empire ceased to exist officially).
4. The Brazilian Empire - about 1889
Initially, the former part of the Portuguese Empire, the Empire of Brazil declared its independence in 1822. After several years of instability, in 1843 he formed a period of calm, which allowed the Brazilian Empire to obtain stability up to conflict with the United Kingdom and Uruguay. After successfully settling these conflicts, in the Brazilian Empire began the "golden age", and she quickly became known throughout the world as a progressive and modern nation.
By the 1880s, the empire was a large part of South America, occupying an area of 8, 5 million square kilometers, making it the 11th largest empire in the history of mankind.
3. The Russian Empire - about 1895
The Russian Empire was a powerful state-lived (officially) from 1721 until his overthrow in 1917 as a result of the revolution. The empire extended from the beginning, turning Russia from a mainly agricultural state in the more modern.
In its heyday in 1895, the population of the Russian Empire grew from 15, 5 million to 170 million people living in an area of almost 23, 3 million square kilometers. With the addition to its territory Baltic States, Poland, Finland and the greater Asian territories, the Russian Empire was the third largest in the history of mankind.
2. A second French colonial empire - about 1920
Competing with Spain, Portugal, the United Provinces, and (later) Britain, Second French colonial empire began in 1830 with the conquest of Algeria. They colonized a large percentage of Africa and take possession of the Middle East, Southeast Asia, New Caledonia and a tiny part of South America.
This made the empire in its heyday the 6th largest in the history, since its population was 5% of the total population of the globe, and it has a population of 7, 7% of the Earth.
1. The British Empire - about 1920
This may shock you, maybe not, but in the competition to conquer the world there was no more dominant empire than Britain. Covering an area of 35, 5 million square kilometers, the British Empire is easy to become the largest in the history of mankind (30% more than the Mongol Empire). More than a century, Britain was the world's main superpower and controlled 23% of the world population. As a result of the massive expansion worldwide of their cultural and linguistic heritage can be found in almost any developed culture on Earth.
Most believe the official transfer of Hong Kong to China in 1997, the official end of the British Empire. Although if you look at the world stage, the United Kingdom still controls the largest part of the world ... they're just doing it very well and more progressive. Perhaps this is world domination ... just competently implemented.