Ushuaia - the southernmost city of the world
• Ushuaia - the southernmost city of the world
Residents of a small Argentine town of Ushuaia call their homeland "land of the corner." Others tend to refer to this locality "Gateway Antarctica". Visit to Ushuaia almost inevitable in several cases: if you plan on visiting the icy continent of the Earth; If the envelope to South America on a ship; if you just like to travel to exotic places, because Ushuaia - the southernmost city of the world.
Ushuaia - a free economic zone and a major tourist hub. Here compactly arranged with the airport runway on the edge of the bay and the sea port. From here all cruises to Antarctica. Here is to rest and resupply ships go, envelopes South America.
One of the main and central streets of Ushuaia - San Martin Avenue. Named in honor of the national hero of Argentina General Jose Francisco de San Martin, who at the beginning of the XIX century was one of the leaders of the War of the Spanish colonies in Latin America. Building Avenue, as well as the whole town, different bright, but the eclectic architecture. Here you can find motifs from around the world, it is no wonder, because Argentina - a country of migrants. San Martin avenue stretches for half a kilometer parallel to the coast and resembles an open-air shopping and entertainment center - it employs a huge number of shops, restaurants and even a casino.
Founded in 1884, the city is located on the shores of the Beagle Channel (named after the ship on which Charles Darwin went around South America).
In the port of Ushuaia and pleasure craft moored catamarans. Sightseeing boat trips through the strait - a traditional part of the local "cultural program".
was chosen by Ushuaia, and the owners of private yachts. Often, making a detour on the way to Antarctica, and here come the big prestigious offshore yacht.
In the traditional standards, Ushuaia - a small town. However, on the island of Tierra del Fuego and in the homonymous Argentine province - one of the largest settlements. Constantly there are about 60 thousand people, but at the height of the tourist season (when they have summer here, in Russia, winter) population increases dramatically thousand ten.
So attain the glorious age of some ships. Aground rescue tug "Saint Christopher" was built in the US in 1940 under the name of "justice." Then leased to the British Navy. According to some reports, he participated in amphibious landings in Normandy in 1944. After the war was sold to Argentina. In 1953 he suffered serious damage in the course of the rescue operation - from the rocks then rented cruise ship "Monte Cervantes". Since then, the ship virtually abandoned in the vicinity of Ushuaia.
In Ushuaia no high-rise buildings. In the center on several parallel streets located 2-4-storey houses. And in the suburbs is an extensive "private sector" - small bright neat houses.
In the city there and industrial infrastructure there can be seen, in particular, the port fuel tank. What does not fit in with the surrounding Ushuaia beautiful virgin nature. In the vicinity of the city are the majestic peaks of the Andes, virgin forests and pristine glaciers.
The terminal port of Ushuaia. Basically, there are moored freighters, but often come and cruise liners. According to international classification, Ushuaia harbor belongs to the category of "small", the maximum length of the vessels, which can come here - about 150 meters.
In Ushuaia begins the Pan-American highway, drifting north across two continents. From here to Alaska 18,000 km.
Airport Internacional de Ushuaia Malvinas Arhentinas.
It opened in 1995. The southernmost of the Earth International Airport. Hence make flights to Antarctica, Patagonia, the Falkland Islands and to other areas of Tierra del Fuego. Also serves a large number of tourist charter flights. Despite its apparent simplicity, it is certified for the reception of large ships, such as the Boeing 747. strip length is 3030 meters.
South Port Argentine Navy - Naval Base Admiral Berisso name.
The shores around Ushuaia chosen cormorants and gulls, they arrange a noisy bird colonies. These are the most common types of local birds, but in general, in Tierra del Fuego can meet representatives of more than a hundred species of birds. The local climate and conditions in several natural parks - a real "bird paradise".
Beagle - strait that separates the main island of the archipelago of Tierra del Fuego, and lying to the south of the island Ost, Navarino and other smaller ones. The first Europeans in the archipelago in 1520 Ferdinand Magellan discovered. He called it Tierra del Fuego because of the numerous fires on the coast. It was the signal that one of the indigenous tribes warn others about approaching something unusual and possibly dangerous.
"Ushuaia" in the language of the local Aboriginal Yamana Indians means "invading the bay." The city settled on the edge of the Bay surrounded by chains of high mountains, which protect it from the winds.
Andes. The longest (9000 km) chain of mountains in the world originates here.
Monte Olivia - the highest mountain in the department of Ushuaia. 1326 meters above sea level. The name, of course, has nothing to do with olives. Just European colonialist ear is so heard and interpreted the word Yamana Indians' language. They meant "mountain, visible from the sea."
The average temperature in Ushuaia - about + 6 ° C. All the more surprising that in ancient times the local indigenous people went without clothes, oiling body fat sea lions. And, they say, great feel. Arrived colonists began "dressing" the Indians than in the end and hastened their extinction: the cloth wet, and unaccustomed to it the natives were often ill.
Olivia River. On its banks filmed the famous "Oscar-winning" film "Survivor" with Leonardo DiCaprio in the title role. Therefore, in the spring of 2016, Olivia has become a place of mass pilgrimage of the tourists. only walking routes were organized due to the complexity of the relief to the shooting locations.
Tourists who had the good fortune to visit the southern city of Ushuaia Earth, in the passport put a special stamp: "Fin del Mundo" ( "End of the World"). Optimists, however, are more likely to call the local place "beginning of the world": in any case, from a trip to Ushuaia is back with a new, "overloaded" head.