15 of the most incredible discoveries of 2016
The world is fraught with still a lot of mysteries and secrets. We just need to be observant and curious, to continue to seek answers to questions that, in our opinion, and do not have the answers. The development of science at the present time is extremely fast, and the incredible discovery in 2016 is proof.
15. The largest known prime number
January 7, 2016 largest known prime number was discovered, which is equal to 274 207 281 - 1 and contains 22,338,618 decimal digits. Opening Curtis Cooper made within GIMPS project.
14. The ninth planet in the solar system
Researchers from the California Institute of Technology provided evidence that the ninth planet in the solar system does exist. Calculations showed that the planet rotates around the sun at a distance of 20 Neptune's orbit, its mass 10 times the mass of Earth. A 1 year on this planet is equal to 17,000 years on Earth!
13. Eternal custodian
In February this year, scientists from the University of Southampton presented to the world an amazing invention. They have created an eternal guardian information from nanostructured glass. The apparatus 360 is capable of storing a terabyte of data and is not affected by high temperatures (up to 1000 degrees Celsius), and its validity is several billion years.
12. The fish that can move on land and climb trees
Fish that can move on land, to creep into the trees and hunt birds, was discovered in Papua - New Guinea. This species, despite its innocent appearance, is very aggressive and poses a serious danger to the animals on the islands and boigu island Saibai Island, Australia. It is reported that the fish has breathing organ, and it moves on the ground with the help of the pectoral fins
11. The brain implant that allows you to control the arm paralyzed man
The implant directly by wire sends signals to the muscles, bypassing spinal cord. Man can now pick up a glass of water, and even play video games. Ingenious invention belongs to scientists from the Medical Research Institute of Feinstein in New York.
10. The successful landing of the first stage of the rocket in the ocean
April 8, 2016 the company SpaceX was the first to make landing the first Falcon 9 launch vehicle stage on a platform in the ocean. Now, the first step can be used repeatedly, which will reduce costs.
9. The conversion of carbon dioxide into the stone
The plant scientists in Iceland Helliskheydi CO2 pumped into volcanic rocks, accelerating the process of converting natural basalt carbonates, which then become limestone. This method will not be aggravated * greenhouse effect problem.
8. The scientific name of a pleasant tingling in the back of his head
The phenomenon of perception, characterized by a pleasant tingling sensation in the back of his head, spreading in the form of tingling on the skin of the neck and back to the extremities in 2016 gained scientific name - Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ACFID). ACFID cause sensations-sound, visual, tactile or cognitive stimuli.
7. The second moon
2016 HO3 - asteroid, discovered with the help of automatic telescope Hawaiian April 27, 2016, which is the best and most stable to date, an example of a constant quasi-satellite of the Earth. It has become a "second moon" Earth about 100 years ago
6. Eyeless wonder worm
This year, scientists discovered that Caenorhabditis elegans (free-living nematode) has the ability to see the light. As demonstrated by detailed experiments on the excitation of individual neurons, the worm can respond to photons of different wavelengths, but the greatest effect is achieved when using a UV light source. Now, C. elegans may be a model object for the study of human blindness.
5. The mathematical algorithm of our intelligence
"At the heart of our complex calculations in the brain is a relatively simple mathematical logic," says Dr. Joe Tsen, a neuroscientist at the Medical College of Georgia. The theory is based Tsena algorithm n = 2i-1, which determines the number of groups (or "clicks" as they are called by the scientist), required to recognize and address the situation. In other words, the more clicks, the more complex idea. N - is the number of neuronal groups interconnected in various ways; 2 - means that the neurons in this group receive or not receive input data; i - is the information that they receive; -1 - a mathematical part, allowing you to take into account all possibilities.
4. A BUNCH fish
Scientists from the UK and Canada have come to the conclusion that the herring farts! For these fish fart - a way of communicating and a way to maintain the integrity of the pack at night.
3. The scientific explanation exit to the astral plane
Many survivors who tell of their astral travels. Scientists from the University of Ottawa are interested in this phenomenon and invited to study Woman, claimed to be able to initiate the separation of the soul from the body at will. At the time, the researchers used an MRI machine experiment to monitor her brain during "astral travel". It was found that the parts of the brain that are responsible for the perception of the physical location and visualization of motion, are activated during such experiences. But this does not mean that the soul leaves the body. This is a type of hallucination triggered by certain neurological mechanism.
2. Stem cells, enabling restoration of injured spinal cord
A team of scientists led by researchers from the University of California, San Diego, managed to use neural stem cells for a successful recovery of the damaged spinal cord. Studies in rats showed that the grafted stem cells stimulate regeneration of neurons and partially replace lost neuronal function.
1 gene mutation, which has given all of us
ACE2 gene - a possible progenitor of all who live on the planet Earth. Biologists from Atlanta, Georgia, came to the conclusion that a single gene was able to turn single-celled organisms to multicellular. And in the past it was a gene mutation has led to the emergence of complex life forms. Small changes in the DNA sequence have had a strong influence on the particular protein, and it is rather its main role of the enzyme, become necessary for the organization of multicellular structures.